DOPs Me-me Te-you Lo-it, him La-it, her Nos-us Os-you all Los-them, you all Las-them, you all
DOP Placement DOPs come before the conjugated verb. –Yo te abrazo. I hug you. –Ellos me reconocen. They recognize me. –Yo las crezco en el jardín. I grow them in the garden. –Tú lo compras. You buy it. –Ella nos ve en la tienda. She sees us in the store.
IOPs Me-to me Te-to you Le-to him, to her Nos-to us Os-to yall Les-to them, yall
IOP Placement Like DOPs, IOPs come before the conjugated verb. When there is both a DOP and an IOP in the sentence, the IOP comes first, then the DOP, then the conjugated verb. –Im sending it to you. Te lo mando/envío.
What happens to the IOP le or les when it is next to a DOP? It has to change to se. –Se lo mando. Im sending it to him. Im sending it to her. Im sending it to them. Im sending it to you all. –To clarify to whom se refers, you can add a él, a ella or a ellos/ellas at the end of the sentence. Se lo mando a ella.
Rewrite the sentences using both DOPs and IOPs. 1.You are throwing the ball to me. Me lo lanzas/tiras. 2.Hes buying flowers for you. Te las compra. 3.They are sending the packages to them. Se los mandan. 4.We are giving presents to the homeless. Se los damos. 5.You are answering the question for me. Me las contestas. 6.Hes cooking dinner for you all. Os/Se la cocina. 7.You all are cutting the cake for me. Me lo cortáis/cortan. 8.Im making cookies for you guys. Se las hago. 9.You are explaining the lesson to me. Me la explicas. 10.Hes growing pumpkins for the kids. Se las crece. 11.Im offering the dinner to them. Se la ofreczo. 12.They are recommending the lobster to us. Nos la recomiendan. 13.They are replacing the shirts for you. Te las reponen. 14.I am translating the documents for them. Se los traduzco. 15.Shes serving the ball to them. Se lo/la sirve.