2Double Object Pronouns? Double object pronouns appear in sentences where there is both a direct object and indirect object present.English Example:Robert explains the math problem to me.=Robert explains it to me.
3Spanish Sentence Construction How would a Spanish sentence be structuredusing a double object pronoun?The indirect object pronoun always comes before the direct object pronounAll forms of object pronouns remain the same EXCEPT the indirect objects in 3rd person (le, les). These object pronouns change to the pronoun “se” when they precede the pronouns “lo, los, la, and las.”In sentences with a verb in either the infinitive or progressive form, the object pronouns can either precede the conjugated verb, or attach to the end of the infinitive/progressive verb.
4Object PronounsFor a little review, here are the conjugation charts for indirect objectpronouns and direct object pronouns:Indirect Object PronounsDirect Object PronounsYo meNosotros/as nosTú teVosotros/as osÉl/Ella/Usted leEllos/Ellas/Ustedes lesYo meNosotros/as nosTú teVosotros/as osÉl/Ella/Usted lo,laEllos/Ellas/Ustedes los,las
5Examples of Spanish Double Object Pronouns Let’s take the sentence “Robert explains the math problemto me,” and turn it into a successful Spanish, double objectpronoun sentence step-by-step.Step 1: Translate the entire sentence word-for-word into Spanish.Robert explica el problema de matemáticas a mí.Step 2: Turn the objects into pronouns.Robert explica lo a me.Step 3: Format the sentence into correct Spanish grammar!Robert me lo explica.
6Examples of Spanish Double Object Pronouns (cont’d) Let’s try a trickier sentence:My wife buys a new television for my father.Step 1: Translate the entire sentence word-for-word into Spanish.Mi esposa compra una televisión nueva para mi padre.Step 2: Turn the objects into pronouns.Mi esposa compra la para le.Step 3: Format the sentence into correct Spanish grammar!Mi esposa se la compra (para mi padre).*Remember: Because both pronouns “la” and “le” were used in the sentence, the “le” is changed to a “se” in order to fit.
7Issue with Pronoun “se” Because the pronoun “se” can refer to one or more people,a prepositional phrase, a noun, or a proper name can beused to clarify what it stands for.Example:You wrote the letter to Jade.Instead of leaving it at “Se la escribiste,” it can be changed to “Sela escribiste a Jade,” for a clearer description.
8With Reflexive VerbsWhen a reflexive verb is used in a sentence with a direct objectpronoun, it follows the same format as an indirect object pronoundoes: it precedes the verb and can either come before theconjugated verb or attach itself to an infinitive/progressive verb.Example:Yo ya me los cepillé. OR Yo ya cepillármelos ayer.I already brushed them.*Remember: It is necessary to put an accent mark over the “a” in thissentence because adding two object pronouns to the end of “cepillar”adds an extra syllable, and in order to keep the stress in the right place,an accent mark is placed over the “a.”
9Double Object Pronoun Quiz Now that you have learned the rules and structure of double objectpronouns, can you change the following English sentences intoSpanish?He served it to them. (la comida)Él se la sirvió (a ellos).I offered to pay it for them. (la cuenta)Yo se la ofrecí pagar. OR Yo ofrecí pagársela.
10Double Object Pronoun Quiz Cont’d She answered it for you. (la pregunta)Ella te la contestó.We bought it for you (pl.) at the mall. (la televisión)Nosotros os la compramos en el centro comercial.You owed it to me. (el dinero)Tú me lo debiste.I sent them to your sister. (las cartas)Yo se las mandé (a tu hermana).