2The direct object receives the action of the verb. She buys a book. We see the children.verb direct verb directobject objectBook is the direct object because it is receiving the action of the verb buy and children is receiving the action of the verb see.
3Direct object pronouns replace the direct object. She buys a book She buys it.We see the children. We see them.It and them are direct object pronouns because they replaced the direct object nouns book and children.
4Ejercicios. Change the direct object to “it” or “them”. Ex. Raul and Jose clean the house.They clean it.Hugo sands the door.I buy the pencils.Gabriel and I remember the answers.4. Yolanda sells a dress.
5In Spanish the direct object pronouns for: it lo (m) them los (m)la (f) las (f)Direct object pronouns are placed before the verb in affirmative sentences.I buy an apple. Yo compro una manzana.I buy it. La compro.La because manzana is fem.It also has to be placed before the verb compro.
6Ejercicios. They sell skirts. Ellas venden faldas. They sell them. Ellas las venden.1. We open the door._______________________We open it.______________________________2. Juan buys oranges.______________________Juan buys them.__________________________3. The dog eats the food.___________________The dog eats it.___________________________4. The student has a pencil._________________The student has it.________________________
7Direct Object Pronouns Person Singular PluralPrimera (me) me (us) nosSegunda (you inf.) te (you pl) los (M)(you formal) lo (M) la (F) las (F)Tercera (him,her, lo (M) (them) los (M)and it) and la (F) las (F)
8Don’t try to translate DOP sentences word by word because it won’t work! Ejemplo:I eat the soup. I eat it.Yo como la sopa. Yo la como.Direct object pronouns come before the verb.She reads the books. She reads them.Ella lee los libros. Ella los lee.
9Los objetos directos. Tune: If you’re happy and you know it. ¿Quién tiene mi reloj? Yo lo tengo.¿Quién lee mi revista? Yo la leo.¿Quién compra los zapatos?Yo los compro y los llevo¿Y las medias? Yo las uso también.¿Quién espera a Tomás? Yo lo espero.¿Quién invita a María? Yo la invito.¿Quién conoce a mis primos? Los conozco y los veo.¿Y mis primas? Las conozco también.
10I see the houses. Miro las casas. Las miro. D.O D.O D.O.P In Spanish, any direct object that represents a person must be introduced with a personal “a”. It is also used if the direct object is a pet.I see the houses. Miro las casas Las miro.D.O D.O D.O.PI see Pablo. Miro a Pablo. Lo miro.D.O is a person. Personal “a” must beplaced before Pablo.We greet the teachers. Saludamos a las maestras.Humberto sees Clara Humberto ve a Clara.She cleans the dogs Limpia a los perros.D.O.P
11The personal a is not used after the verb TENER or HAY even if the direct object is a person. Tengo dos perros. I have two dogs.Hay maestros. There are teachers.Translate:1. I look for the pen._______________________2. I look for the girl._______________________3. I look for the dog._______________________4. She looks at Carlos.______________________5. She looks at the boy.___________________6. She looks at the cat._____________________
12Ex. He sees me Él me ve.DOP DOPIn negative sentences the DOP comes between the verb and no.He does not see me Él no me ve.DOP DOPOrFor negative sentences write no before the DOP.
13Ejercicios 1. You (inf) clean the table.__________________ You (inf) clean it.__________________________2. Alba sees the school.____________________Alba sees it.______________________________3. I have the dress.________________________I have it._________________________________4. You (pl) watch the tv.____________________You (pl) watch it.__________________________5. Esteban sees Nora.______________________Esteban sees her.__________________________
146. I see you (inf).__________________________ 7. You don’t see me._______________________8. She sees him.__________________________9. They (m) sell them (f).___________________10. He loves us.___________________________11. You (formal) love them (m)______________12. We (f) don’t have it (m)._________________13. You (inf) watch us._____________________14. I don’t clean it (f).______________________15. She loves him._________________________16. I love her.____________________________17. I love you (inf).________________________
15Sentences with two verbs. When a sentence has two verbs, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb remains in the infinitive form.I want to buy strawberries.Quiero comprar fresas.conjugatedleft in the infinitive form
16In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the direct object pronoun.1) Place it immediately before the conjugated verb.2) Attach it directly to the infinitive.Ejemplos of the first option:I want to buy it (m)Lo quiero comprar.conjugated verbDOP before the conjugated verb.
17They need to clean it (f) Ellos la necesitan limpiar.DOP before the conjugated verb.Ejercicios:1. She should wash them (f)____________________________________2. We can help you(inf)________________________________3. You (formal) want to read it (m)___________________________________4. I need to see it(f)_______________________
18Ejemplos of the second option “Attach it directly to the infinitive” I want to buy it (m)Quiero comprarlo.DOP goes right after the infinitiveShe has to sweep it (f).Ella tiene que barrerlaWe need to write them (m).Necesitamos escribirlos.
19Ejercicios1. You (formal) have to see it (m)___________________________________2. I need to visit them (f)____________________________________3. Susana should cook it (f)____________________________________4. We have to clean them (f)____________________________________5. The teacher (f) wants to wash it (f)____________________________________
20Here are both options.Yolanda needs to take them (f).Yolanda las necesita tomar.Yolanda necesita tomarlas.I should wash it (m).Yo lo debo lavar. Or Lo debo lavar.Yo debo lavarlo. Or Debo lavarlo.You (inf) want to buy them (m).Tú los quieres comprar. Or Los quieres comprar.Tú quieres comprarlos. Or Quieres comprarlos.
21To make questions.Change the question into a statement and add questions marks.Should she take them? (f).She should take them.¿Las debe tomar?¿Debe tomarlas?Do they (m) want to see it (m)?They want to see it.¿Lo quieren ver?¿Quieren verlo?
22Ejercicios Translate the following questions: Ejemplo: Do I need to sell it (f)?I need to sell it.¿La necesito vender?¿Necesito venderla?1. Should they learn it (m)?____________________________
231. Does he have to clean them (m)? ______________________________________2. Do we need to see it (f)?3. Does Humberto write them (f)?