Presentation on theme: "Pronombres de Objeto Indirecto"— Presentation transcript:
1Pronombres de Objeto Indirecto Indirect Object Pronouns
2The indirect object tells us where the direct object is going. I buy earrings for Gabriela.S Verb Direct object Indirect objectRemember that the DO receives the action of the verb. What do I buy? Earrings.The Indirect Object is where the DO is going. To whom do the earrings go? To Gabriela.
3What does she write? A letter (DO) Who does she write to? To Juan (IO) Indirect objects represent the nouns and pronouns that answer the questions “to whom,”“for whom,” “for which,” and “to which” the verb’s actions are intended.What does she write? A letter (DO)Who does she write to? To Juan (IO)She writes a letter to Juan.v DO IOShe writes me a letter.v IO DOWhat does she write? A letter (DO).Who does she write to? Me (IO).
4Name the verbs (v), direct objects (DO), and indirect objects (IO). 1. I buy Gloria a drink.2. My sister gives me a car.3. I cut the flowers for you.4. I bring him lunch.5. She writes poems for us.
5Pronombres de Objeto Indirecto Singular Pluralme (to me) nos (to us)te (to you / informal) les (to you / plural)le (to you / formal) les (to them / f-m)le (to him, to her, it)
6IOP’s are usually people. IOP’s are always placed before the conjugated verb.v DO IODaniel buys a book for me. OrDaniel buys me a book.v IO DODaniel me compra un libro.IOPcomes before the conjugated verb compra
7Daniel te compra un libro. te compra Daniel buys a book for you (inf). Or IO phraseDaniel buys you a book. buys youDaniel te compra un libro. te compraDaniel buys a book for her. OrDaniel buys her a book. buys herDaniel le compra un libro. le compraDaniel buys a book for them. OrDaniel buys them a book. buys themDaniel les compra un libro. les compraDaniel buys a book for us. OrDaniel buys us a book. buys usDaniel nos compra un libro. nos compra
8Ejercicios1.Sara writes an for me.___________________________________2. Irma reads a book for him.__________________________________3. Manuel buys tickets for us.___________________________________4. Claudia brings the food for her.___________________________________5. Melisa packs the suitcase for me.___________________________________
9To make sentences negative place a no infront of the indirect object pronoun. Tomás brings flowers for her.Tomás le trae flores.Tomás doesn’t bring her flowers.Tomás no le trae flores.Daniel buys a movie for us.Daniel nos compra una película.Daniel doesn’t buy a movie for us.Daniel no nos compra una película.
10To clarify ambiguity.Le and les present a problem because they are ambiguous. That is, they can stand for different things.Le to (for) you formalto (for) himto (for) herLes to (for) themto (for) you plural
11Look at the following sentences: Lisa writes her a letter. Lisa le escribe una carta Lisa writes him a letter.Lisa writes you (formal) a letter.Lisa writes them (f) a letter.Lisa les escribe una carta Lisa writes them (m) a letter.Lisa writes you (pl) a letter.Since there is no way to know who they are talking about, you can use a prepositional phrase to clarify the ambiguity.
12To clarify the sentence “Lisa le escribe una carta” use the personal “a” and a pronoun. Lisa le escribe una carta a usted.Lisa le escribe a usted una carta.Lisa le escribe una carta a él.Lisa le escribe a él una carta.Lisa le escribe una carta a ella.Lisa le escribe a ella una carta.
13Sometimes a prepositional phrase is added not for clarity, but for emphasis: Lisa me escribe una carta a mí a yo = a míLisa me escribe a mí una carta.Lisa te escribe una carta a ti. a tú = a ti.Lisa te escribe a ti una carta.
14A sentence with two verbs. You have two options with sentences with two verbs:1) Place the IOP before the conjugated verb.2) Attach it directly to the infinitive verb.Here are ejemplos of the first option:You (inf) need to buy me a cake.Me necesitas comprar un pastel.They want to write us a letter.Ellos nos quieren escribir una carta.
15Ejemplos of the second option (attach it to the infinitive verb): Roberto should buy shoes for her.Roberto debe comprarle zapatos.We want to buy a hat for you (inf).Queremos comprarte un sombrero.She needs to give me the money.Necesita darme el dinero.
16Ejercicios. Translate the following by using both options. Ejemplo: I should cut his hair for him.Le debo cortar el pelo.Debo cortarle el pelo.1) Susi wants to buy tickets for you (inf).________________________________________________________________________2) You (inf) should confirm the flight for me._________________________________________________________________________3) You (formal) need to buy a bathing suit for her.________________________________________________________________________
17Sentences with DOP and IOP When IOP’s me, te, or nos, are used within a sentence that also employs a DOP, they are placed immediately before the DOP.Ejemplo: DO IOPHe buys it (m) for me.Me lo compra.IOP DOPMe is placed before the direct object pronoun loI write them (f) for you (inf).Te las escribo.
18Ejercicios 1. She sells it (f) to me._____________________ 2. Oscar and Paco buy them (m) for us.___________________________________3. We buy you (inf) a book.__________________4. My mother writes us an . ______________________________________5. Mariela sells them (m) to you (inf)___________________________________6. He makes it (m) for me.__________________7. You (formal) write it (f) for us.______________
19If IOP’s le or les are used within a sentence that also employs a DOP, they’ll be replaced by se, which is placed right before the direct object pronoun.le lo se lo le los se losle la se la le las se lasles lo se lo les los se losles la se la les las se lasEjemplo: I buy them (m) for her.Le los compro Se los compro.
20I buy them (m) for me. Me los compro. I buy them for you (inf) Te los compro.I buy them for you (formal). Le los Se los compro.I buy them for him. Le los Se los compro.I buy them for her. Le los Se los compro.I buy them for them. Les los Se los compro.I buy them for us Nos los compro.The reason for changing to se is to make it easier for the speaker to pronounce the words.In negative sentences the no comes before the first pronoun. Ejemplo: No se lo compro.
21Ejercicios. Use DOP’s and IOP’s. 1. She sells pencils to us.___________________2. They buy a pencil for you (inf).__________________________________3. Norma writes it (f) for me._________________4. You (formal) don’t give it (m) to them._________________________________5. He brings them (f) to you (inf)___________________________________6. We give it (m) to you (inf).__________________________________
22Laura necesita comprárnoslas. You can also attach both the DOP and the IOP to the verb in the infinitive.Ex:Laura needs to buy us the cookies.s V V2 IOP DOP(conjugated) (infinitive)Laura necesita comprárnoslas.
231. She needs to sell pencils to us 1. She needs to sell pencils to us.___________________________________ 2. They want to buy a pencil for you (inf).__________________________________ 3. Norma should write it (f) for me.___________________________________ 4. You (formal) don’t have to give it (m) to them._________________________________ 5. He can bring them (f) to you (inf)___________________________________ 6. We are going to give it (m) to you (inf).__________________________________