Presentation on theme: "Los Complementos Directos Los Complementos Directos Sr. Schofield."— Presentation transcript:
Los Complementos Directos Los Complementos Directos Sr. Schofield
How do you know it? To identify the indirect object use our two guidelines: 1. The IO tells us where the DO is going. 2. The IO answers the question "to whom?" or "for whom" the action of the verb is performed.
Where is it? The indirect object (IO) tells us where the direct object (DO) is going. He gives the book to María. DO=Book Where is the book going? To María. IO=María He gives María the book. DO=Book Where is the book going? To María. IO=María
What does it do? The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed. He gives María the book. To whom does he give the book? To María. IO=María He buys me flowers. For whom does he buy the flowers? For me. IO=me
Indirect Object Pronouns (I.O.Ps) When a pronoun takes the place of the name of the indirect object, use the following pronouns: me (me) te (you-familiar) le (him, her, you-formal) nos (us) os (you-all-familiar) les (them, you-all-formal)
Affirmative Statements In an affirmative statement with one verb, the indirect object pronoun comes immediately before the conjugated verb. Juan me compra un regalo. John buys me a gift. John buys a gift for me. Juan te compra un regalo. John buys you a gift. John buys a gift for you. Juan le compra un regalo. John buys her a gift. John buys a gift for her. Juan nos compra un regalo. John buys us a gift. John buys a gift for us. Juan les compra un regalo. John buys them a gift. John buys a gift for them.
Negative Statements In a negative statement with one verb, the indirect object pronoun comes between the negative word and the conjugated verb. Él no me compra nada. He doesn't buy me anything. He doesn't buy anything for me. Ella no te trae el desayuno. She doesn't bring you breakfast. She doesn't bring breakfast for you. No le mando a él la cuenta. I don't send him the bill. I don't send the bill to him. Ellos no nos compran ningún regalo. They don't buy us any gifts. They don't buy any gifts for us.
What if you have 2 verbs? In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the indirect object pronoun. 1. Place it immediately before the conjugated verb 2. Attach it directly to the infinitive
What if you have 2 verbs?.> When a sentence has two verbs, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb remains in the infinitive form. Here are examples of the indirect object pronoun attached directly to the infinitive: Necesitas darme un regalo. You need to give me a gift. Necesito comprarte un sombrero. I need to buy you a hat. Juan debe prestarnos el dinero. Juan must lend us the money. María quiere alquilarle a Juan el apartamento. María wants to rent the apartment to Juan.
What if you have 2 verbs?.> Here are examples of the indirect object pronoun placed before the conjugated verb: Me necesitas dar un regalo. You need to give me a gift. Te necesito comprar un sombrero. I need to buy you a hat. Juan nos debe prestar el dinero. Juan must lend us the money. María le quiere alquilar a Juan el apartamento. María wants to rent the apartment to Juan.
Practicamos He wants to give me the money. 1. Él me quiere el dinero. 2. Él quiere ___________ el dinero. They want to give her something. 3. Ellos le dar algo. 4. Ellos quieren __________ algo. You need to buy us the house. 5. Nos necesitas la casa. 6. Necesitas ________ la casa. We want to sell them the car. 7. _____ queremos vender el auto. 8. Queremos _______ el auto. Andrea wants to sell me the book. 9. Andrea quiere vender el libro. 10. Andrea quiere _________ el libro.
En tu cuaderno… Fill in the blank in order to form sentences that are true and correct. Model: Debemos comprar la casa para ellos. Debemos comprarles la casa. Les debemos comprar la casa. Debemos alquilar el apartamento a ellos. Debemos _______________ el apartamento. _____ debemos alquilar el apartamento. Juan tiene que prestar el dinero a mí. Juan tiene que _____________ el dinero. Juan tiene que prestar____ el dinero.
La Formula Subject + I.D.O. + VERB + Predicate + a + NAME of person receiving the action of the verb. Ex. Yo le presto dinero a Sra. Teel I loan money to Mrs. Teel. Subject + 2 verb phrase + I.D.O.P. + Predicate + a + NAME of person receiving the action of the verb. Ex. Jose va a prestarLE el dinero a Chey. Jose is going to give money to Chey.
In Summary The IO tells us where the DO is going. The IO answers the question "to whom" or "for whom." Sentences that have an IO usually also have a DO Sometimes the DO is not stated, but rather is implied, or understood. The IO pronouns are: me, te, le, nos, os, les. Place the pronoun before the conjugated verb. Think in phrases, do not translate word-for-word. Le and les are ambiguous. If you have 2 verbs in the same sentence, you can add the IO to the 2 nd verb, or put it in front of both verbs. Prepositional phrases are often used for clarity and for emphasis.