Presentation on theme: "Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Combined (Los pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto usados juntos)"— Presentation transcript:
Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Combined (Los pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto usados juntos)
IOP and DOP How to tell the difference? Santa Claus le dio un regalo a la niña. (Santa Claus gave a gift to the girl.) DOP answers WHAT or WHO? un regalo IOP answers TO WHOM? or FOR WHOM? la niña What did Santa give? To WHOM did Santa give the gift to?
Spanish IOP and DOP may be used together in the same sentence just as in English. Julián, ¿me traes la película? Julián, will you bring me the movie? Te la traigo en un momento. Ill bring it to you in a moment. IOP DOP When using both a IOP and an DOP in the same sentence, the IOP comes first. PEOPLE are more important than THINGS (indirect before direct).
We also may place the IOP and the DOP after an infinitive, but both pronouns must remain adjacent to each other, that is, both pronouns must come either in front of the conjugated verb or after the infinitive. Julián, ¿me traes la película? Te la voy a traer en un momento. Voy a traértela en un momento. Notice that when the pronouns are placed after the infinitive, they are closed up to each other and to the verb. Note also the written accents that must be added.
el balón.tiraste Yo teel balón.tirélo. Tú melo. Yoel balón.tirélo. le se You cant le lo in Spanish! Yon cannot have two pronouns starting with L next to each other. I threw the ball to you. You threw the ball to me. I threw the ball to him. I threw it to you. You threw it to me. I threw it to him. se lo, se la, se los, se las Use a ______ to clarify who the se is referring to in these sentences. Notice the following slide.
No, no se lo presté. (lo = money) No, I didnt lend it to her. To clarify who the se is referring to or No, no se lo presté a ella. No, I didnt lend it to her. a ella clarifies who se is referring to. ( )
The combinations of object pronouns in Spanish are as follows: me lo, me la me los, me las te lo, te la te los, te las se lo, se la se los, se las nos lo, nos la nos los, nos las se lo, se la se los, se las