Presentation on theme: "Unit 4: Miners. LEADVILLE 1860-Gold found in this area 10,000 people here by 1861 One major problem was a heavy black sand that kept clogging the sluice."— Presentation transcript:
LEADVILLE 1860-Gold found in this area 10,000 people here by 1861 One major problem was a heavy black sand that kept clogging the sluice boxes. Analyzed in 1876 and it was carbonate of lead-loaded with silver Earlier silver, lead and zinc were looked upon as a nuisance-no market Increasing industrial activity and governmental purchases increased the value = the silver rush was on
LEADVILLE Population –1877200 People –18785,000 people –188030,000 people
The TABORS Horace Tabor and his wife Augusta were some of the first arrivals into this area –Augusta was the first woman in the area and would remain the only one for quite some time Horace Tabor had been to many of the gold camps (Idaho Springs, Central City) with no luck. He finally struck for $7,000 He opened a general store, became the postmaster and also the mayor. As mayor he played a role in naming the town Leadville
Tabor grubstaked many of the miners- Food and supplies for a part of their claim Grubstaked: supplies or funds furnished to a mining prospector on promise of a share in his discoveries This area began to fade after the initial gold rush of the 1860s
Tabor grubstaked two shoe cobblers. Result of this grubstake was The Little Pittsburgh which brought Tabor $20,000/wk. Sold his share for $500,000 Matchless produced $10,000,000 worth of silver Bought a mansion in Denver but spent most of his time in Leadville
Noticed Elizabeth McCourt Baby Doe Secret divorce in Durango and secretly married Elizabeth in St. Louis Durango priest had refused to sign divorce papers-living in sin led to a scandal and not complete acceptance from Denvers social elite
Spent lavishly until silver crashed in 1893 Horace became postmaster in Denver for $3,000/year He died 16 months later and 14,000 attended his funeral He told Baby Doe to hold on to the Matchless. She turned into a reclusive old woman who eventually froze to death in the cabin by the Matchless mine.
GEORGETOWN 1859 - a minor gold rush Became Colorados first silver queen Belmont-Lode was the first silver mine in the state The first power drill was also used here August 1877 the Colorado Central came to Georgetown. The Georgetown Loop was a narrow gauge went from Georgetown to Silver Plume Silver Plume is 1.5 miles from Georgetown and 1,000ft higher yet it took 3 years and 4.5 miles of track to complete
GEORGETOWN Georgetown became the shopping center, distribution center and transportation center for the district Over $100,000,000 worth of ore taken out of Georgetown At one time the only town in Colorado without a mayor
ASPEN Only camp to rival Leadville Silver gave Aspen its start Almost passed Leadville in the 1890s Had the richest ore Largest nugget ever found-over 1 ton.1840lbs after it was trimmed Population went over 15,000 1893 depression and the population dropped to 700
CRIPPLE CREEK In the shadow of Pikes Peak Pikes Peak had given its name to the gold rush yet none had been found there 1890s Cripple Creek became Colorados greatest gold district Bob Womack discovered gold here in the 1880s taking the sting out of the silver crash
CRIPPLE CREEK Winfield Scott Stratton-Most famous millionaire His independence Mine (July 4,1891) made several million before he sold for $10,000,000 (with no income tax) Last of the great 19 th century mining rushes Mining was big business and miners began to join labor unions 1894 strike over low pay and long hours led to 8 hour days at $3/day
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