4 Eureka!“I reached my hand down and picked it up; it made my heart trump, for I was certain it was gold.” – James Marshall
5 Oro! Oro! Oro!After the discovery, Sutter and Marshall both agreed to keep the discovery a secret, but when they went to investigate the next day, they found a Spanish-speaking Native American holding a gold nugget shouting “Oro! Oro! Oro!”
7 Extra! Extra!News of the discovery of gold soon spread across the country like wild fire.
8 Forty-NinersA group of 80,000 gold-seekers, called forty-niner, traveled to California in hope of striking it rich.80% of the 49ers were American.
9 Gold Fever“At that time the ‘gold fever’ was contagious, and few, old or young escaped the malady [sickness]”
10 Staking a Claim 49ers would prospect along banks of streams. If they found gold, they would “stake a claim.”Disputes over claims often occurred.
11 Methods of Mining Most Popular Type: Placer Mining Placer Mining: mining done along rivers and streams using pans, a rocker/cradle device, or a sluice box.This equipment was used to wash gold flakes and nuggets out of loose rock and gravel.
13 Striking It Rich Yearly Gold Production: $60 million One man 2 ½ lbs of gold after 15 min. of workTwo black miners found a rich gold deposit. The location became known as Negro Hill in their honor.
14 The Unfortunate Most miners did not find gold. They found dept and misery.
15 Mining Camps and TownsGold mining towns and camps formed wherever there was a large group of people looking for gold who needed a place to stay.Examples of Camps: Skunk Gulch, Hangtown, Git-Up-and-Git, and Dry Diggings