Presentation on theme: "The California Gold Rush of 1849 Jack Cyphers. Sutters Mill In January of 1848, John Sutter, the owner of Sutters Mill, sent James Marshall to build a."— Presentation transcript:
The California Gold Rush of 1849 Jack Cyphers
Sutters Mill In January of 1848, John Sutter, the owner of Sutters Mill, sent James Marshall to build a sawmill next to a nearby creek.
Sutters Mill Location
Eureka! I reached my hand down and picked it up; it made my heart trump, for I was certain it was gold. – James Marshall
Oro! Oro! Oro! After the discovery, Sutter and Marshall both agreed to keep the discovery a secret, but when they went to investigate the next day, they found a Spanish-speaking Native American holding a gold nugget shouting Oro! Oro! Oro!
Extra! News of the discovery of gold soon spread across the country like wild fire.
Forty-Niners A group of 80,000 gold-seekers, called forty-niner, traveled to California in hope of striking it rich. 80% of the 49ers were American.
Gold Fever At that time the gold fever was contagious, and few, old or young escaped the malady [sickness]
Staking a Claim 49ers would prospect along banks of streams. If they found gold, they would stake a claim. Disputes over claims often occurred.
Methods of Mining Most Popular Type: Placer Mining Placer Mining: mining done along rivers and streams using pans, a rocker/cradle device, or a sluice box. This equipment was used to wash gold flakes and nuggets out of loose rock and gravel.
Gold Mining Equipment
Striking It Rich Yearly Gold Production: $60 million One man 2 ½ lbs of gold after 15 min. of work Two black miners found a rich gold deposit. The location became known as Negro Hill in their honor.
The Unfortunate Most miners did not find gold. They found dept and misery.
Mining Camps and Towns Gold mining towns and camps formed wherever there was a large group of people looking for gold who needed a place to stay. Examples of Camps: Skunk Gulch, Hangtown, Git-Up-and-Git, and Dry Diggings
Columbia Mining Town
Camps and Towns Mining camps and towns appeared and disappeared very quickly. Miners found themselves rich one day, and broke the next day.
Law and Order Little or no authority Some miners tried to set up an informal system of law and order. Most of the time, these systems did not work.
People of the Camps Mostly young, married men, About 5% of the miners were woman or children. The women did the cooking and cleaning.
The Chinese and the Gold Rush The California Gold Rush brought a large number of Chinese to America. These Chinese were very poor back in China. They wanted to become rich.
The Chinese Part 2 The Chinese Miners Faced: Steep Taxes Harsh Working Conditions Discrimination
The Chinese Part 3 Some Chinese contiued mining after they came to the U.S. Others decided to try something else such as farming, textiles/factories, and even cigar making.
Other Immigrants Other Immigrants included: Europeans Mexicans South Americans