Presentation on theme: "Objectives Explain how the discovery of gold and silver affected the West. Describe life in the western mining towns. Examine how railroads spread and."— Presentation transcript:
1ObjectivesExplain how the discovery of gold and silver affected the West.Describe life in the western mining towns.Examine how railroads spread and helped the West to develop.
2Terms and People vigilante – self-appointed law keeper subsidy – grant of land or moneytranscontinental railroad – railroad line that spanned the continent
3How did mining and railroads draw people to the West? In 1865, the American frontier stretched from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.westDrawn by hopes for a new life, people moved west by the thousands.
4The California gold rush of 1849 captured the American imagination. Before long, miners were racing into the Sierra Nevada, the Rockies, and the Black Hills, searching for gold.
5In 1859, prospectors struck gold at a find that became known as the Comstock Lode. located in Sierra Nevadacontained both gold and silverwas one of the world’s richest silver minesmade Nevada a center of mining
6After the Civil War ended, more and more prospectors rushed west After the Civil War ended, more and more prospectors rushed west. New discoveries seemed to be popping up everywhere.AlaskaSouthDakotaMontanaIdahoColorado
7With each new find, miners rushed to the site. Others soon followed, bringing supplies and opening stores. Mining camps quickly grew from tent cities to boomtowns.
8People from around the world poured into the boomtowns. Nearly half of the miners were foreign-born, from places such as Ireland, Italy, Germany, Spain, and China.Women, too, joined the mining boom, making money by opening restaurants and other businesses.
9Few prospectors, however, struck it rich Few prospectors, however, struck it rich. Mining underground was difficult and expensive. Many miners eventually sold their claims to large mining companies.ProfitsProfitsProfitsProfitsProfitsProfitsProfitsProfitsProfitsProfitsprospectorsmining companies
10Many boomtowns grew so fast that they had no real government Many boomtowns grew so fast that they had no real government. Vigilantes often imposed their own form of justice.As populations grew, some areas organized into territories subject to U.S. laws.U.S. TerritoriesColoradoDakotaNevadaArizonaIdahoMontana
11The mining boom helped create a railroad boom. Before 1860, railroad lines ended at the Mississippi River.To encourage westward expansion, the government gave subsidies to the railroads to build new tracks.west
12Many of the new lines led to the boomtowns of the West.
13The railroads also began work to fulfill a longtime goal—to build a transcontinental railroad that would stretch from coast to coast.Two railroads won the right to build from opposite directions, eventually meeting in the middle.CentralPacificUnionPacific
14The Central Pacific headed east from Sacramento The Central Pacific headed east from Sacramento. The Union Pacific headed west from Omaha.
15Bad weather and the rugged terrain made work difficult and dangerous.
16It took thousands of workers and many years to complete the job. Laborers came from many countries around the world—including China.
17Finally, on May 10, 1869, the two lines met at Promontory, Utah.
18The new railroad lines brought even more settlers west. Nevada1864Colorado1876North Dakota1889South DakotaMontanaWashingtonIdaho1890WyomingSeveral new states were soon carved from the rapidly growing region.
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