3Good readers summarize Good readers summarize. As they read, they pause to sum up the important ideas or events.This helps them remember the information.As you read a story, note the main events.After you read, ask yourself what the main events were and in what order they occurred.
4Author’s PurposeThe author’s purpose is the reason or reasons the author has for writing.An author may write to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas and feelings.An author may have more than one purposewithin a story. You will often beasked question about why an author includeswhat he or she does in a story.
5Sequence First Event Second Event Third Event Fourth Event Sequence means the order in which things happen.Dates, times, and clue words such as first, then, next, and last can help you understand the order of events.Sometimes two or more events happen at the same time. Words such as meanwhile and during can show this.FirstEventSecondEventThirdEventFourthEvent
6Story Structure in Fiction Then the conflict or problem isconfronted. This is the climaxof a story.Story structure is like a patternthat stories follow.In the beginning, you have aproblem or goal established.Finally you have an outcomeand the problem is resolved.Next, there is rising action thatbuilds toward the climax.
7Story Structure in Horned Toad Prince In the beginning, you have aproblem or goal established.What is Reba Jo’s problem?She made a deal witha frog that shedoesn’t want tokeep.
8Story Structure in Horned Toad Prince Next, there is rising action thatbuilds toward the climax. What isThe rising action in this story?Reba Jo tries to avoidthe toad by gallopingaway and slammingthe door on the toad.
9Story Structure in Horned Toad Prince Then the conflict or problem isconfronted. This is the climaxof a story. What is the climaxof this story?Reba Jo begins to fulfill herend of their bargain. Shekisses the toad as part of anew bargain to get him toleave pronto.
10Story Structure in Horned Toad Prince Finally you have an outcomeand the problem is resolved.What was the outcome in this story?The toad turns into a hand-some young caballero! Heleaves Reba Jo foreverbecause of the final dealshe made when he was a toad.
11Remember that good readers use Story Structure to predict and understand a story.