ALLEGORY A story or poem which has a double meaning – its surface meaning and an underlying, symbolic meaning.
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Language that is not meant literally.
IDIOM - a saying or phrase that does not literally mean what it says; usually particular to a region or group – it makes no sense if you take that saying literally. (“It’s raining cats and dogs.” “Break a leg.” )
METAPHOR a comparison of two things not using like or as – saying something is something else. (He is a bear)
SIMILE a comparison of two things using like or as. (She is pretty as a picture)
PERSONIFICATION The giving of human qualities to a non- human thing.
SYMBOL – Something (word, picture, sculpture…) that stands for something else.