3Good readers summarize Good readers summarize. As they read, they pause to sum up the important ideas or events.This helps them remember the information.As you read a story, note the main events.After you read, ask yourself what the main events were and in what order they occurred.
4Author’s PurposeThe author’s purpose is the reason or reasons the author has for writing.An author may write to persuade, to inform, to entertain, or to express ideas and feelings.An author may have more than one purposewithin a story. You will often beasked question about why an author includeswhat he or she does in a story.
5Sequence First Event Second Event Third Event Fourth Event Sequence means the order in which things happen.Dates, times, and clue words such as first, then, next, and last can help you understand the order of events.Sometimes two or more events happen at the same time. Words such as meanwhile and during can show this.FirstEventSecondEventThirdEventFourthEvent
6Story Structure in Fiction Then the conflict or problem isconfronted. This is the climaxof a story.Story structure is like a patternthat stories follow.In the beginning, you have aproblem or goal established.Finally you have an outcomeand the problem is resolved.Next, there is rising action thatbuilds toward the climax.
7Main IdeaThe topic is what a paragraph, part of an article, or a whole article is about.The most important thing the author has to say about the topic is the main idea.The little pieces of information telling more about the main idea are the supporting details.SupportingDetailSupportingDetailMain ideaSupportingDetail
8Main Idea largest trees and among the oldest trees on Earth. Think about the story statements. Decide which is a main idea and which is a supporting detail.Giant sequoias are the world'slargest trees and among theoldest trees on Earth.These trees grow to be 300 feettall and 40 feet around.SupportingDetailMain Idea
9Main Idea largest trees and among the oldest trees on Earth. Giant sequoias are the world'slargest trees and among theoldest trees on Earth.These trees grow to be 300 feettall and 40 feet around.Main IdeaSupportingDetail
10Main Idea formations, and giant sequoia trees. It has incredible waterfalls, rockformations, and giant sequoiatrees.Yosemite is known throughout theworld for its amazing scenery.Supporting DetailMain Idea
11Main Idea to protect the wilderness around Yosemite. Politicians have made effortsto protect the wilderness aroundYosemite.President Abraham Lincolnsigned the Yosemite Grant deedingland to California.Main IdeaSupporting Detail
12Main Idea One of the sequoias is called Clothespin Tree while another is called Dead Giant.Many of the sequoias havenick-names.Supporting DetailMain Idea
13Main Idea You can fish, wade, or raft. Active people find lots to do around the rivers and streamsof Yosemite.Supporting DetailMain Idea
14Remember that good readers can find the Main Idea, and it helps them to understand a story!