2 The Sentence and Its Parts Complete Subjects and PredicatesSimple SubjectsSimple Predicates, or VerbsVerb PhrasesCompound Sentence PartsKinds of SentencesSubjects in Unusual OrderSubject ComplementsComplements: Objects of VerbsFragments and Run-Ons
3 Complete Subjects and Predicates In order to share ideas and information successfully, you need to use complete sentences.A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought.Every complete sentence has two basic parts:A subjectA predicate
4 Some architects bring nature indoors. SubjectThe complete subject includes all the words that tell whom or what the sentence is aboutSome architects bring nature indoors.Complete subject
5 Some architects bring nature indoors. PredicateThe complete predicate includes the verb and all the words that complete the verb’s meaning.Some architects bring nature indoors.Complete Predicate
6 Some architects bring nature indoors. Simple SubjectsThe simple subject is the main word or words in the complete subject. Descriptive words are not part of the simple subject.Some architects bring nature indoors.Simple Subject
7 Simple Predicates, or Verbs The simple predicate is the main verb in the complete predicate.Some architects bring nature indoors.Simple Predicate
8 Some architects may bring nature indoors. Verb PhrasesThe simple predicate, or verb, may consist of two or more words. These words are called a verb phrase.A verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs.Some architects may bring nature indoors.Verb Phrase
9 Some architects and florists bring nature indoors. Compound SubjectsA compound subject is made up of two or more subjects that share the same verb. The subjects are joined by a conjunction, or connecting word, such as and, but, or or.Some architects and florists bring nature indoors.Compound Subjects
10 The architects worked and slept on the job. Compound VerbsA compound verb is made up of two or more verbs that have the same subject. The verbs are joined by a conjunction such as and, but, or or.The architects worked and slept on the job.Compound verb
11 Kinds of Sentences Kind of Sentence What it Does Example Declarative Makes a statement; always ends with a period.I see something weird in that tree. It looks like a gray basketball.InterrogativeAsks a question; always ends with a question mark.What do you think it is? Is it a hornet’s nest?ImperativeTells or asks someone to do something; usually ends with a period but may end with an exclamation point.Please don’t get too close to it. Be careful!ExclamatoryShows strong feeling; always ends with an exclamation point.I see hornets flying out! I’m getting out of here!
12 Subjects in Unusual Order QuestionsIn a question, the subject usually comes after the verb or between parts of the verb phrase.Does the weather look good for the game?Verb phrasesubject
13 Subjects in Unusual Order CommandsThe subject of a command, or imperative sentence, is usually “you”. Often, you doesn’t appear in the sentence but it is implied.(You) Meet us at the concession stand.Implied subject
14 Subject of Compliments A subject complement is a word or group of words that follows a linking verb and renames or describes the subject.Butterflies are fragile.Linking verbComplementSubject
15 Monarch butterflies are insects. Predicate NounsA predicate noun follows a linking verb and defines or renames the subject.Monarch butterflies are insects.DefinesPredicate nounsubjectRenamesCocoons become butterfly nurseries.
16 Monarchs look beautiful. Predicate AdjectiveA predicate adjective follows a linking verb and describes a quality of the subject.Monarchs look beautiful.DescribesSubjectPredicate Adjective
17 Movie producers often borrow real homes. Direct ObjectsA direct object is a word or group of words that names the receiver of the action of an action verb. A direct object answers the question what or whom.Movie producers often borrow real homes.Borrow what?Direct objectCharm whom?The right house can charm viewers.
18 We lent the producer our house. Indirect ObjectsAn indirect object is a word or group of words that tells to whom or what (or for whom or what) an action is performed. An indirect object usually comes between a verb and a direct object.We lent the producer our house.To whom?Indirect object
19 FragmentsA sentence fragment is a part of a sentence that is written as if it were a complete sentence. A sentence fragment is missing a subject, a predicate, or both.The Rungus people in Malaysia (missing a predicate)Build traditional homes called longhouses. (missing a subject)They build traditional homes called longhouses. (complete sentence)
20 Run-On SentencesA run-on sentence is two or more sentences written as though they were a single sentence.The longhouse roof is made of palm leaves, the walls are made of tree bark. (run-on)The longhouse roof is made of palm leaves. The walls are made of tree bark.The longhouse roof is made of palm leaves, and the walls are made of tree bark.