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MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING/ NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING AGENCY Indonesias Experiences in DRR Investment Accounting in National Budget.

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Presentation on theme: "MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING/ NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING AGENCY Indonesias Experiences in DRR Investment Accounting in National Budget."— Presentation transcript:

1 MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING/ NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING AGENCY Indonesias Experiences in DRR Investment Accounting in National Budget Dr. Suprayoga Hadi Director for Special Area and Disadvantaged Region Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas - Indonesia Workshop on the Tracking of DRR and Recovery Investment Data with International Aid Helsinki, Finland 13 – 14 April 2011

2 Indonesias experiences in major disasters NoDisasterDate of event DALA (in billion IDR) PublicPrivateTotal 1 Earthquake & Tsunami Aceh & NiasDec ,208 32,192 41,400 2 Earthquake DI Yogyakarta & Central Java Province May ,763 26,386 29,149 3 Earthquake West SumateraMarch ,512 2,451 4 Flood JakartaFeb ,535 5,184 5 Earthquake Bengkulu & West SumateraSept ,882 6 Earthquake West SumateraSept ,397 18,470 20,867 7 Earthquake & Tsunami Mentawai IslandOct Mount Merapi Eruption DI Yogyakarta & Central Java Province Oct ,665 3,628 TOTAL DALA (in Billion IDR) 17,986 86, ,909 TOTAL DALA (in million USD) 2,067 9,991 12,059 2

3 1.Law No 24 year 2007 on Disaster Management 2.Government Regulation No 21/2008 on DM Operations, 3.Government Regulation No 22/2008 on Funding & Management of Disaster Assistance, 4.Government Regulation No 23/2008 on Participation of International Institutions and Foreign Non-Government Institution in DM 5.Government Regulation No 26 / 2008 on National Spatial Planning 6.Presidential Regulation No 8 / 2008 on the establishment of BNPB 7.Ministry of Home Affairs Regulation No 46/2008 on BPBD Organization and Works Mechanism 8.Head of BNPB Regulation No 3/ 2008 on the establishment of BPBD Regulatory and Institutional Reform on DM 3 DM Institutional establishment: National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) Local Disaster Management Agency (BPBD): 33 of total provinces have established BPBD 308 municipalities & districts have established BPBD (65% from total) municipalities & districts

4 4 1.Law No 26 year 2007 on Spatial Planning 2.Law No 27year 2007 on Small Islands and Coastal Management 3.Government Regulation No 26 year 2008 on National Spatial Planning 4.Government Regulation No.64 year 2010 on Mitigation on Coastal Area and Small Island Mainstreaming DRR on the national and local development planning system Law No 24 year 2005 on National Development Planning System (SPPN) Other Regulations on Disaster Risk Mitigation

5 5 The integration of DRR in The National Planning and Budgeting System 5

6 Long-term Plan (20 year) (RPJP – RTRW) Mid-term Plan (5 year) (RPJM – RPB) Sector Strategic Plan (5 year) DRR Action Plan (3 year) Annual Work Plan National Provincial & District / City Level MID TERM NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN RPJM local level NAP DRR STRATEGIC PLAN (LINE MINISTRY) Govt. Annual Plan WORK PLAN Line ministry WORK PLAN Line ministry LONG TERM NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN RPJP local level NATIONAL SPATIAL PLAN Spatial Plan Local Level DM Plan local level LAP DRR RENSTRA Local Govt Institution Govt. Annual Plan (local level) Work Plan of Local Govt. Institution National DM Plan National Development Planning System Framework with DM Plan and NAP/LAP on DRR 6

7 11 National Priority in RPJMN : 7 Mainstreaming DRR into national priority in Medium-term Development Plan Government and Governance Reform 2.Education 3.Health 4.Poverty Reduction 5.Food Security 6.Infrastructure 7.Investment and Business 8.Energy 9.Environment and Disaster Management 10. Disadvantage Region, Front Area and Post Conflict 11. Culture, Creativity and Technology Innovation Capacity Development Reduce vulnerability

8 Policy Direction for Disaster Management (RPJMN ) Four out of six policy direction of DM in RPJMN are on the DRR mainstreaming: 1.DRR mainstreaming is a national and local priority, 2.DM capacity strengthening in national and local level, 3.Optimum the instrument for controlling of spatial planning based on the DRR 4.Encourage community participation in DM and DRR, 5.Enhancing resources in the emergency response and human aids, and 6.Acceleration recovery of disaster-affected areas 8

9 9 National Action Plan on DRR Multi stakeholders planning and commitment on DRR 2.Multi sources budget (national budget/APBN, international funding, private sector funding and other non-government funding 3.Developed through participatory and consultative process involving line ministries, local governments and other multi stakeholder, as well as international communities 4.Enacted by the Decree of head BNPB No. 5/2010 Function of NAP DRR as reference for: Planning + Budgeting + Implementation + Monitoring & Evaluation of DRR

10 10 The importance of DRR Mainstreaming in The National & Local Planning System 1.The commitment from government and other multi stakeholders to implement DRR 2.The programmes are executed through coordination and systematically by the Line Ministry / Institutional 3.The implementation of the programmes are supported by clear budget and is agreed upon, with sources from the government, Foreign loan, Foreign grant, private sector as well as other authorized sources 4.The outputs and outcomes are measureable with accordance to its objectives through clear monitoring and evaluation system and systematic, initiating from central to local level. 10

11 Summary on the DRR budgeting (NAP DRR 2010 – 2012 & RKP ) 11 1.DRR programmes cover various sectors, such as: housing and settlement, public infrastructures, health, education, community empowerment, agricultures, cross sectors, economy, poverty reduction and other social affairs 2.21 line ministries have integrated DRR in their the policies, programming and budgeting through the various regulations and strategic plan in line with the RPJMN The investment stipulated in NAP DRR is smaller than those in Government Annual Works Plan 2011 >>> since government gives more priority for the infrastructure construction of flood control (irrigation and water resource management)

12 NAP DRR 2010 – 2012 : TOTAL (Government & Non Government) 12 Budgeting

13 Government Annual Work Plan on DRR No.HFA Priority Government annual work plan for DRR (in billion IDR) Ensure DRR is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis fpr implementation Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning system , Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels. 1, Reduce the underlying risk factors 2, , Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels. 10, , TOTAL (billion IDR) , , , , TOTAL ( million USD) , ,627.55

14 14 Fiscal YearTotal National Development Budget (trillion IDR) Total budget for DRR (trillion IDR) Percentage (%) 2010IDR 1, (definitive budget) IDR % 2011IDR 1, (indicative budget) IDR % The second session of the Global Platform Conference in Geneva 2009 agreed that Budget allocation for DRR shall be: 1% of total national budget, 10% of total disaster recovery budget, and 30% of total Climate Change budget. The second session of the Global Platform Conference in Geneva 2009 agreed that Budget allocation for DRR shall be: 1% of total national budget, 10% of total disaster recovery budget, and 30% of total Climate Change budget. National DRR Investment vs. Global Commitment for DRR Investment Plan

15 15 Key Challenges in the effort of mainstreaming DRR into National & Local Development Planning System 1.Building the common understanding and knowledge of DRR to line ministries and other multi stakeholders, as well as national council members (shifting paradigm of DM from emergency response and recovery of post disaster to pre-disaster); 2.Building the knowledge of the importance of mainstreaming DRR to sector developments; 3.Building the image that DRR is everybody business; 4.Ensuring the commitment to implement the NAP DRR , both government, and non-government institutions, including NGOs/CSOs, private sectors and international donors 5.The NAP DRR 2010 – 2012 was developed through participatory and consultation process with line ministries and other multi stakeholders, as well as with international donors. The process took longer than expected (about 8 months). The NAP DRR was also issued following a series of public consultations at national and provincial levels; 6.Enhancing effectiveness on harmonization and synchronization DRR policies among sectors and between national and sub-national levels; and 7. The NAP DRR will be the reference and umbrella for LAP DRR

16 and THANK YOU 16


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