Presentation on theme: "Www.unisdr.org 1 Consultation Process Towards the Post-2015 Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction Youcef Ait Chellouche UNISDR AFRICA."— Presentation transcript:
www.unisdr.org 1 Consultation Process Towards the Post-2015 Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction Youcef Ait Chellouche UNISDR AFRICA
www.unisdr.org 2 General Findings about the first five years of HFA implementation Significant progress that has been achieved in disaster risk reduction since 2005. The Hyogo Framework for Action played decisive role in promoting this progress across international, regional, and national agendas. Progress is uneven across the world, reflecting broad economic and institutional differences among regions and countries.
www.unisdr.org 3 The HFA has been most useful in: Generating international and national momentum for disaster risk reduction; Providing a common language; Guiding national legislation and policy in disaster risk reduction.
www.unisdr.org 4 Some positive developments at the national level Governments reporting on HFA implementation has improved in quantity and quality showing increased commitment to, and interest in, achieving HFA objectives. Several countries enacted national disaster risk management legislation, modeled on the HFA structure and/or broad principles. Increased in number of National Platforms and HFA Focal Points indicates action in DRR in accordance with main HFA principle: multi-stakeholder approach.
www.unisdr.org 5 Positive developments at regional level Establishment of regional and sub-regional platforms and networking. Political commitment: definition and adoption of political statements, strategies and plans of action on DRR at Ministerial or Head of State Level. Exponential increase in collaborative efforts and joint initiatives at regional level
www.unisdr.org 6 Positive Developments at International Level Growing political momentum: UN GA Thematic Debate; Outcome Statement from MDG Review Summit. Secretary-General established SRSG for DRR. Improved tools to support HFA implementation: - Global Platform; - Global Assessment Report; - PreventionWeb; - GFDRR at the World Bank; - Global Network of NGOs; - Views from the Frontline Report - UNISDR Science and Technical Committee - International Awareness Campaigns: safe schools and hospitals, resilient cities.
www.unisdr.org 7 Areas requiring further attention National Level HFA implementation must take place in a holistic way, avoid compartmentalizing HFAs priorities, which requires strategic and executive direction. Implementation of cross-cutting issues and more consideration to reduce underlying risk factors. Cost-benefit analysis. To set up a broadly representative mechanism to increase coordination and coherence. Integration of CCAdaptation & DRR needs to continue and to be addressed at national and local levels.
www.unisdr.org 8 Areas requiring further attention at Local Level Decentralization of DRR action must improve. Need to develop multi-stakeholder consultative mechanisms at the local level, involving communities. Increase the level of credibility and trust between local administrators and the public.
www.unisdr.org 9 Outline II Summary of the Post-2015 Consultation Process I Focus of the Post-2015 Consultation
www.unisdr.org 10 Outline Summary of the Post-2015 Consultation Process I
www.unisdr.org 11 –Raising impact of disasters on both developed and developing countries –Mounting economic consequences of disasters –Increasing exposure to disaster risk –Glowing global vulnerability to natural hazards, due to factors such as population pressure, fast urbanization, climate change Background (refer to paper Towards a Post- 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction)
www.unisdr.org 12 –Government request for periodic reviews of progress on HFA –Mid-Term Review of the HFA in 2010-2011 –The Chairs Summary of the Third Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in 2011 –UN General Assembly Resolution 66/199 requested UNISDR to facilitate development of a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction Context
www.unisdr.org 13 –Engage a wide range of stakeholders in the preparatory process in developing a Post-2015 Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction –Review success and lessons learnt, identify challenges and solutions to risk reduction, especially at national and local levels –Deepen understanding and knowledge of issues imperative to making development resilient to the impact of natural hazards Objectives
www.unisdr.org 14 The consultation process will deploy participatory and inclusive approach through: - Building on existing meetings and conferences related to DRR and development –Organizing separate consultative meetings as needed –Facilitating on-line discussions and debates –Consulting with advisory group –Encouraging and participating in thematic consultations –Linking on-going major consultations and debates such as Rio+20, post-2015 development agenda and COP 18 –Identify working papers in the consultation process (for example e conomics of disaster risk reduction, land-use planning, science and technology, transparency) –Refer to reports and monitoring of the existing HFA to identify progress and challenges Approach
www.unisdr.org 15 Outline II Focus of the Post-2015 Consultation
www.unisdr.org 16 - Provide main component for developing the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, building on the national reporting process of the HFA Monitor –Gain insights on the impacts and challenges faced in current HFA implementation at national and local levels –Stimulate self-reflections by national authorities on what has been worked in DRR, emphasizing the impact, and what has not been worked, if not, what are the primary challenges –Engage in multi-stakeholder national dialogue and discussion on development of the post-2015 framework on DRR National consultations
www.unisdr.org 17 Possible questions : –Who is accountable for the implementation of the HFA? What are the institutional arrangements, human capacities and financial resources at national level? –What are the economic losses due to disasters and economic gains through disaster risk reduction during the period of 2005-2015? –How are the policies and legislation developed and implemented to reduce risks and building resilience, with what impacts? –How successful has the national effort been to integrate disaster risk reduction into development planning and programmes, including sectors (health, education, infrastructure, land use)? What more can be done? –How effective are the national platforms or national committees in implementing the HFA for reducing risk and building resilience, in line with the 3 strategic goals? With what capacity and financial resources? –What areas should a post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction focus on as key elements in order to overcome the challenges that government met in the current HFA implementation? National consultation
www.unisdr.org 18 –Assess the progress and challenges in facilitating development of regional strategies and plans for reducing trans-boundary disaster risks and building resilience –Assess success and lessons-learnt in facilitating national integration of disaster risk reduction into development planning and programmes, such as poverty reduction, climate change adaptation –Create opportunities and forums for regional stakeholders to discuss issues and themes related to DRR of common concerns in the region –Increase understanding of national partners on how reducing risk and building resilience is imperative for achieving sustainable development through regional coherent and complementary action –Engage region-based thematic networks or forums to discuss and analyze the themes for the post-HFA, and encourage them to provide inputs to the working papers Regional consultations
www.unisdr.org 19 Possible questions: –What role does the regional architecture (policy frameworks, platforms) play in supporting national level implementation of disaster risk reduction priorities? –What improvements can be made to the regional architecture to support and facilitate implementation of disaster risk reduction? –What are the measures taken to coordinate inter- governmental efforts in reducing trans-boundary risks and building resilience? How effective are they? What are the challenges, successes and lessons-learnt? –What are the measures taken to include disaster risk reduction in the agendas of major regional meetings for social and economic development in the region? Regional consultation