The Roman Empire Constantine - reunited the empire and moved the capital to Constantinople. Adopted Christianity (Holy Roman Empire) Commemorates Constantine’s victory at the Battle of Milvian Bridge (312 CE) allows Constantine to emerge as the sole ruler (previously tetrachry, in which several people ruled) No mention of Christianity in it-- interesting b/c the Battle of Milvan Bridge is where Constantine had his vision, which is ultimately what converts him to Christianity.
Arch of Constantine (in Rome) Break from earlier Greco-Roman motifs/styles by moving away from the naturalistic style Reliefs connect Constantine to past emperors in the reliefs (Roman Imperial past). Spans the Via Triumphalis (truimphiant way) that emperor would take entering the city. Also signifies the imperial presence in the empire. (Propoganda!) Jás Elsner in Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph: "Power is very rarely limited to the pure exercise of brute force.... [T]he Roman state bolstered its authority and legitimacy with the trappings of ceremonial--cloaking the actualities of power beneath a display of wealth, the sanction of tradition, and the spectacle of insuperable resources[...]." Power is… complex….as much a matter of impression, of theatre, of persuading those over whom authority is wielded to collude in their subjugation. … (A) matter of presentation, its cultural currency in antiquity (and still today) was the creation, manipulation, and display of images. In the propagation of the imperial office, at any rate, art was power.
Porta Nigra Built between 186-200 CE Built of grey andstone Northern gate of Trier, Germany (capital of Roman province of Gallica Belgica) Part of four city gate at North, South, East, West of city Original name not preserved, weathering to a black had locals in the Middle Ages call it Porta Nigra or the Black Gate
The Coliseum Purpose: entertain the masses, pronounced power and dominance of Roman Empire. Men sacrificed in battle w/ exotic animals from throughout the Empire: crocodiles, leopards, elephants, lions & tigers Used arches in construction (usally done with concrete, marble & bricks)
Interior of the Coliseum Arena is Latin for the sand, coating the floor that soaks up the blood of the combatants.
CharacteristicsCharacteristics DOME: Basilicas - Large and relatively open space. - examples: ► Pantheon ► early Christian churches
Cylindrical Dome K With the dome, the Romans could surpass earlier cultures by their ability to span space. K Light enters through the oculus on top.