Presentation on theme: "Conjunction, Conjunction – What’s your function?."— Presentation transcript:
Conjunction, Conjunction – What’s your function?
Essential Learning Questions 1.What is the function and classifications of a conjunction? CCSS. L.5.1a Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.3.1.H Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.5.1.E Use correlative conjunctions (e.g., either/or, neither/nor). 2. How can I apply conjunctions to vary my sentence structure in writing? CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.3.1.I Produce simple, compound, and complex sentences. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L.5.3.A Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.
Let’s Review... The conjunction is the seventh of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight: Noun Pronoun Adjective Verb Adverb Preposition Conjunction Interjection
First, let's start with a basic definition: Conjunctions are words that join words or groups of words including phrases and sentences. There are two main types: coordinating conjunctions subordinating conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions include : For And Nor But Or Yet So FANBOYS These conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.
Let’s practice... Write 3 sentences that include coordinating conjunctions. Do they connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value? He lifted the vase carefully, for he didn’t want to break it.
Independent Clauses: Clauses of equal value are called independent clauses and can stand on their own as separate sentences. Example: John is running in this race and I am carrying his water bottle. Each clause can stand alone: John is running in this race. I am carrying his water bottle. Double check your sentences - conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal value.
Subordinating conjunctions: Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses. Dependent clauses cannot stand alone as a single sentence. In fact, the clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.
Dependent Clauses: Dependent Clauses cannot stand alone as a single sentence. The clause is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning. Example: Since I will not be home, Tina will answer the phone. "Since I will not be home" doesn't make sense by itself. It is dependent on the rest of the sentence for its meaning.
Most commonly used subordinating conjunctions include: Although Because As While Until Whether Since After So that When Before If Subordinating Conjunctions
Now let’s practice... Subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses. With a partner, come up with at least 3 examples of sentences that include Subordinating Conjunctions that introduce Dependent Clauses.
Take a few minutes... to prepare for the Conjunction Assessment.
Conjunction Quiz Find the conjunctions in the following sentences. Label them “C” for coordinating or “S” for subordinating. 1.He listened to the man's story and reported it to the policeman on duty. 2.I haven't seen my brother since he left for college. 3.Your aunt or your uncle will pick you up from school today. 4.Tom, Jane, Sue, and Tim will be going on the trip. 5.I remember the old school book, for it was once mine. 6.Sarah did not feel well, but she went to class anyway. 7.Although the old man was hungry, he never said a word to anyone. 8.I think I heard that on the television or radio, although I am not sure.
Correlative Conjunctions Correlative Conjunctions are those conjunctions which are in the form of a pair of words. Either….orBoth…..and Neither….norNot only…..but also Examples: 1.In the fall, Phillip will either start classes at the community college as his mother wishes or join the Navy, his father’s hope. 2. Neither the potted ivy on the counter nor the dirty dishes in the sink have enjoyed water on their surfaces for the past week. 3.Professor Wilson not only requires a 3,000-word research essay but also assigns a 500-word reaction paper every single week.
Partner Activity Directions: With your partner select a pair of correlative conjunctions and apply them to a sentence that you create.