Presentation on theme: "Thanks Native Americans for this awesome land!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Thanks Native Americans for this awesome land! Rhode IslandThanks Native Americans for this awesome land!-founded by Roger WilliamsSeparation of Church and Stateexiled from the colonyfled and founded Providence R.I-land peaceably acquired from Indians-based on religious freedoms that Williams promoted-church and the government are separate
2 Connecticut-founded by Thomas Hooker-wanted more religious freedom than Massachusetts allowed-disliked the requirement of citizens to be church members-Fundamental Orders:first constitution in the nation (1st in North America)written by Puritan clergymenRequired elections of governors and 6 judges.They had Legislative, Executive and Judicial powerHow to be representedPay taxes
3 New Hampshire-founded by Puritan communities-N.H. becomes royal colony-Maine (not a colony) was eventually sold to Massachusetts and remained part of Massachusetts until 1820
4 New Netherlands-Henry Hudson-Englishman sailing for the Dutch-Explored the Hudson R. and Hudson Bay areas-Dutch found colony at New Amsterdam-lots of different immigrants-religious freedom-English take colony in 1664-renamed New York-Part of the region divided into the colony of New Jersey
5 Pennsylvania-William Penn-Quakersreligious group who practiced worship without ministers and were pacifists-Philadelphia“City of Brotherly Love”-fair treatment of Indians-thriving colony
6 Maryland-George CalvertLord Baltimore-established as safe haven for English Catholics-Catholics soon outnumbered-Toleration Act (1649) guaranteed religious freedom: requiring religious toleration of all Christian denominations. 1st such law, so often seen as the origin of the 1st Amendment.
7 -royal colony named after King Charles Carolina-royal colony named after King Charles-Charles Town became major port city-large slave populations-North Carolina created as refuge for the poor and dissenters-remained thinly populated until mid 1700’sColonies of the Carolinas were a swampy, heavily wooded backcountry populated by Indians and a few runaway servants from Virginia. It was originally run by English men who looked like this. As you might imagine, things didn’t go smoothly.
8 also was a buffer from Spanish areas GeorgiaJames Olgethorpehaven for debtorsalso was a buffer from Spanish areasCOLONIAL GEORGIA: SAVANNAH, FROM A PRINT OF 1741
9 Colonial System-mercantilismsystem of nations increasing their wealth and power through trade with colonies-English wanted a favorable balance of trade which meant they sold more than they imported from colonies-Social Systemwidely available prosperity
10 English Control-colonies were very successful traders-lumber, furs, fish, grain, tobacco sent to Europe-large quantities of finished goods bought-Parliament passes the Navigation ActsRestricted how colonists could do business
11 Seeds of Independence-Glorious Revolution in England, 1688-Parliament becomes the dominant force in English government-salutary neglectvery loose supervision of the colonies-lack of control led to self governmentreligious, political, economic, and social freedomsJohn Peter Zenger Trial
12 Writing Activity Diary: Colonist’s experience in Jamestown (S) Radio Show Interview: Guests include J. Winthrop, A. Hutchinson, and R. Williams (H)