3 Do NowAlcohol Pre-TestExploding the Myths worksheet
4 Alcohol Made up of ethanol (alcohol) Addictive Consumption during teen years can slow brain developmentCan be produced syntheticallyNatural production is called fermentation (chemical actions of yeast on sugars)
5 Short Term EffectsIntoxication – state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reduced.Slows central nervous systemSlows reaction timeImpairs judgementAlcohol stays in the system until the liver can break it down
6 Factors that Influence Alcohol Effects Body sizeGenderFoodRate of intakeAmountMedicine
7 Alcohol and Drug Interactions The body may absorb the drug or alcohol more slowly, increasing the length of time that alcohol or the drug is in the body.Alcohol use can decrease the effectiveness of some medications and increase the effectiveness of others.Enzymes in the body can change some medications into chemicals that can damage the liver or other organs.
8 Long Term Effects Damage to brain cells Reduction in brain size Increase in blood pressureHeart attack or strokeBuildup of fat cells in the liverDamage to digestive lining of the stomachDestruction of the pancreas
9 Binge DrinkingDrinking five or more alcoholic drinks in one sitting
10 Alcohol PoisoningSevere and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdoseSymptoms include:Mental confusion and stuporComa and inability to be rousedVomiting and seizuresSlow respirationIrregular heartbeatHypothermia or low body temperatureMEDICAL EMERGENCY! CALL 911
15 Alcohol UsePsychological dependence – a condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally.Physiological dependence – a condition in which the use has a chemical need for the drug.
16 Factors that Influence Alcohol Use Peer pressureFamilyMedia messages
17 AdvertisingCompanies spend billions to advertise products in a way that is enticing for teenagers such as:At or during sporting events, festivals, concertsIn newspapers and magazinesDuring popular tv commercial breaksUsing models and young people having fun
18 Health RisksLaw – it is illegal for anyone under 21 to consume alcohol in the USViolence – alcohol decreases cognition and judgment between right and wrongSchool – most schools have a zero tolerance for students using alcohol at school events and students may be suspended or expelledSexual activity – intoxicated people are more likely to engage in sexual activities they would otherwise avoidTeens who drink often are twice as likely to contract an STD as teens who do not drink
19 Alcohol and Family25% of all teens are exposed to alcohol abuse within their families which puts them at high risk forNeglectAbuseSocial isolationEconomic hardshipPersonal use of alcoholMental illnessPhysical problems
20 Benefits of Living Alcohol-Free Maintaining a healthy bodyEstablishing healthy relationshipsMaking healthy decisionsAvoiding risky behaviorAvoiding illegal activitiesAvoiding violenceAchieving your goals
25 DrivingBlood alcohol concentration or BAC is the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage.BAC depends on:Quantity and type of alcoholRate of consumptionBody sizegenderAny amount of alcohol in the blood can cause the following:Slow reflexesReduced ability to judge distances and speedsIncrease in risk-taking behaviorsReduced concentration and increased forgetfulness
26 DWI or DUIDriving while intoxicated DWI or driving under the influence is classified as such when an adult has a BAC of 0.08%For teenagers there is no legal BAC percentage. ZERO TOLERANCEConsequences of a DWI or DUI include:Injuries to or death of the driver and othersArrest/jail timeCourt appearance, fines, bailPolice recordLawsuitsRestricted driving privilegesRevoked licenseHigher car insurance
27 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A female who drinks during pregnancy can harm her fetusEffects of FAS include:Small head and deformities of face, hands or feetHeart, liver and kidney problemsVision and hearing problemsCNS problemsDevelopmental disabilitiesPoor coordinationDifficulties learningShort attention spanHyperactivity and anxiety
29 Homework Answer the following questions in your notebooks Who are the other characters in the poem?Who is the poem addressed to?Where is the plot taking place?Who is the main character of the poem? Describe the person?What does the main character feel like? (physically and mentally
32 AlcoholismAlcoholism is physical or psychological dependence on alcohol and affects the drinker and people around him or her.Symptoms of alcoholism include:Craving – strong need for alcohol to manage daily challengesLoss of control – inability to limit intakePhysical dependence – withdrawal symptomsTolerance – need to drink high amounts to feel its effects
33 Alcoholics An addict who is dependent on alcohol Not limited to any age, race, socioeconomic or ethnic groupBehaviors may range from violent to withdrawnChildren of alcoholics are 4 times more likely to become alcoholicsDrinking at a younger age increase the risk of alcoholism
42 Effects of Alcoholism on Family 15 million alcoholics and problem drinkers in the USContributes to the 4 leading causes of accidental death:Car accidentsFallingDrowningHouse firesPlays a major role in violent crimes such as:Homicide, robbery and rapePeople close to alcoholics may develop co-dependency where they ignore their own emotional and physical needs to focus on the needs of the alcoholic.
43 Treatment Alcoholism cannot be cured but can be treated Recovery – process of learning to live an alcohol-free life.Recovering alcoholics commit to a life of sobriety – living without alcohol
44 Programs Al-Anon Alcoholics Anonymous Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)National Association for Children of AlcoholicsNational Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referral Routing ServiceStudents Against Destructive Decisions (SADD)SAMSHA’s National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
45 Steps to RecoveryStep 1 – Admission – person admits to having a drinking problemStep 2 – Detoxification – person goes through detoxification, a process in which the body adjusts to functioning without alcoholStep 3 – Counseling – person receives counseling to help him or her learn to change behaviors and live without alcoholStep 4 – Recovery - person takes responsibility for his or her own life