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Presentation on theme: "ALCOHOL CHAPTER 21."— Presentation transcript:


2 The Health Risks of Alcohol Use
Lesson 1

3 Do Now Alcohol Pre-Test Exploding the Myths worksheet

4 Alcohol Made up of ethanol (alcohol) Addictive
Consumption during teen years can slow brain development Can be produced synthetically Natural production is called fermentation (chemical actions of yeast on sugars)

5 Short Term Effects Intoxication – state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reduced. Slows central nervous system Slows reaction time Impairs judgement Alcohol stays in the system until the liver can break it down

6 Factors that Influence Alcohol Effects
Body size Gender Food Rate of intake Amount Medicine

7 Alcohol and Drug Interactions
The body may absorb the drug or alcohol more slowly, increasing the length of time that alcohol or the drug is in the body. Alcohol use can decrease the effectiveness of some medications and increase the effectiveness of others. Enzymes in the body can change some medications into chemicals that can damage the liver or other organs.

8 Long Term Effects Damage to brain cells Reduction in brain size
Increase in blood pressure Heart attack or stroke Buildup of fat cells in the liver Damage to digestive lining of the stomach Destruction of the pancreas

9 Binge Drinking Drinking five or more alcoholic drinks in one sitting

10 Alcohol Poisoning Severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose Symptoms include: Mental confusion and stupor Coma and inability to be roused Vomiting and seizures Slow respiration Irregular heartbeat Hypothermia or low body temperature MEDICAL EMERGENCY! CALL 911

11 In class assignment Figures 21.3 and 21.4

12 Homework What’s in a Drink? worksheet Proof It! worksheet

13 Live Alcohol-Free Lesson 2

14 Do Now Reasons to Drink worksheet

15 Alcohol Use Psychological dependence – a condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally. Physiological dependence – a condition in which the use has a chemical need for the drug.

16 Factors that Influence Alcohol Use
Peer pressure Family Media messages

17 Advertising Companies spend billions to advertise products in a way that is enticing for teenagers such as: At or during sporting events, festivals, concerts In newspapers and magazines During popular tv commercial breaks Using models and young people having fun

18 Health Risks Law – it is illegal for anyone under 21 to consume alcohol in the US Violence – alcohol decreases cognition and judgment between right and wrong School – most schools have a zero tolerance for students using alcohol at school events and students may be suspended or expelled Sexual activity – intoxicated people are more likely to engage in sexual activities they would otherwise avoid Teens who drink often are twice as likely to contract an STD as teens who do not drink

19 Alcohol and Family 25% of all teens are exposed to alcohol abuse within their families which puts them at high risk for Neglect Abuse Social isolation Economic hardship Personal use of alcohol Mental illness Physical problems

20 Benefits of Living Alcohol-Free
Maintaining a healthy body Establishing healthy relationships Making healthy decisions Avoiding risky behavior Avoiding illegal activities Avoiding violence Achieving your goals

21 In class assignment Refusal Skills

22 Homework TV Time worksheet

23 Impacts of Alcohol Abuse
Lesson 3

24 Do Now How Much Do You Know? worksheet

25 Driving Blood alcohol concentration or BAC is the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage. BAC depends on: Quantity and type of alcohol Rate of consumption Body size gender Any amount of alcohol in the blood can cause the following: Slow reflexes Reduced ability to judge distances and speeds Increase in risk-taking behaviors Reduced concentration and increased forgetfulness

26 DWI or DUI Driving while intoxicated DWI or driving under the influence is classified as such when an adult has a BAC of 0.08% For teenagers there is no legal BAC percentage. ZERO TOLERANCE Consequences of a DWI or DUI include: Injuries to or death of the driver and others Arrest/jail time Court appearance, fines, bail Police record Lawsuits Restricted driving privileges Revoked license Higher car insurance

27 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
A female who drinks during pregnancy can harm her fetus Effects of FAS include: Small head and deformities of face, hands or feet Heart, liver and kidney problems Vision and hearing problems CNS problems Developmental disabilities Poor coordination Difficulties learning Short attention span Hyperactivity and anxiety

28 In class assignment DUI poem

29 Homework Answer the following questions in your notebooks
Who are the other characters in the poem? Who is the poem addressed to? Where is the plot taking place? Who is the main character of the poem? Describe the person? What does the main character feel like? (physically and mentally

30 Alcoholism Lesson 4

31 Do Now Checklist – Addiction worksheet

32 Alcoholism Alcoholism is physical or psychological dependence on alcohol and affects the drinker and people around him or her. Symptoms of alcoholism include: Craving – strong need for alcohol to manage daily challenges Loss of control – inability to limit intake Physical dependence – withdrawal symptoms Tolerance – need to drink high amounts to feel its effects

33 Alcoholics An addict who is dependent on alcohol
Not limited to any age, race, socioeconomic or ethnic group Behaviors may range from violent to withdrawn Children of alcoholics are 4 times more likely to become alcoholics Drinking at a younger age increase the risk of alcoholism

34 Stages of Alcoholism Stage 1 – ABUSE Stage 2 – DEPENDENCE

35 Stage 1 - ABUSE Beings with social drinking
Physical and psychological dependence develops May experience blackouts and memory loss May lie or make up excuses to justify his or her drinking

36 Stage 2 - DEPENDENCE Person cannot stop drinking
Physical dependence on alcohol Tries to hide the problem Performance at work, school and home suffers

37 Stage 3 - ADDICTION Final stage of alcoholism
Liver mat be damaged so less alcohol may be required to cause intoxication Withdrawal symptoms are experienced when the person stops drinking

38 In class assignment Stages of Alcoholism Cards

39 Homework Drinking on the Job worksheet

40 Getting Help Lesson 5

41 Do Now Checklist – Addiction worksheet

42 Effects of Alcoholism on Family
15 million alcoholics and problem drinkers in the US Contributes to the 4 leading causes of accidental death: Car accidents Falling Drowning House fires Plays a major role in violent crimes such as: Homicide, robbery and rape People close to alcoholics may develop co-dependency where they ignore their own emotional and physical needs to focus on the needs of the alcoholic.

43 Treatment Alcoholism cannot be cured but can be treated
Recovery – process of learning to live an alcohol-free life. Recovering alcoholics commit to a life of sobriety – living without alcohol

44 Programs Al-Anon Alcoholics Anonymous
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) National Association for Children of Alcoholics National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referral Routing Service Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) SAMSHA’s National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information

45 Steps to Recovery Step 1 – Admission – person admits to having a drinking problem Step 2 – Detoxification – person goes through detoxification, a process in which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol Step 3 – Counseling – person receives counseling to help him or her learn to change behaviors and live without alcohol Step 4 – Recovery - person takes responsibility for his or her own life

46 In class assignment At the Movies worksheet

47 Homework Chapter 22 Study Guide

48 20/20 Video

49 Video

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