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Lesson 3 This is a healthy liver.This is a liver damaged by alcohol use. The costs of alcohol use are far-reaching and relate to individual, family, and.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 3 This is a healthy liver.This is a liver damaged by alcohol use. The costs of alcohol use are far-reaching and relate to individual, family, and."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 3 This is a healthy liver.This is a liver damaged by alcohol use. The costs of alcohol use are far-reaching and relate to individual, family, and community health. Alcohol, the Individual, and Society

3 Lesson 3 Relate the nation’s health goals in Healthy People 2010 to reducing injury, death, and disease caused by alcohol-related influences. Examine the effects of alcohol use on body systems and the risk of disease caused by alcohol use. Analyze the harmful effects of alcohol on the fetus. Identify and assess available health-related services in the community for the prevention and treatment of alcoholism and alcohol use. In this lesson, you’ll learn to: Lesson Objectives

4 Lesson 3 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Abuse In teens, alcohol use can interfere with growth and development. Long-Term Effects of Alcohol on the Body

5 Lesson 3 Alcohol passes from the mother’s body into the bloodstream of the fetus. Unlike the adult liver, the fetus’s liver is not developed enough to process the alcohol. As a result, a female who drinks during pregnancy risks permanent damage to the fetus. Infants born to mothers who drink during pregnancy may be at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) Effects of Alcohol During Pregnancy Alcohol During Pregnancy

6 Lesson 3 An FAS baby may be born with a small head and deformities of the face, hands, or feet. Heart, liver, and kidney defects, as well as vision and hearing problems, are common. FAS babies experience slow growth and coordination and have difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving. Effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Alcohol During Pregnancy

7 Lesson 3 One of the most devastating effects of alcohol use is alcoholism. alcoholism Alcoholism is characterized by an impaired ability to study, work, and socialize normally. What Is Alcoholism? Alcoholism

8 Lesson 3 Some alcoholics may display harmful behaviors, such as drunken driving and violent or aggressive actions.alcoholics Others may become quiet and withdrawn. Alcoholism isn’t limited to any age, race, ethnic, or socioeconomic group. Regardless of background, alcoholics can develop serious health problems, such as cirrhosis of the liver and brain damage. Alcoholics Alcoholism

9 Lesson 3 Craving Loss of control Physical dependence Tolerance Health, family, and legal problems Symptoms Displayed by Alcoholics Alcoholism

10 Lesson 3 The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that children of alcoholics are four times more likely than other children to become alcoholics. Other environmental factors — such as family, friends, culture, peer pressure, availability of alcohol, and stress — also put a person at risk for alcoholism. There is, however, one guarantee: You can protect yourself against this disease by making the healthy choice to stay alcohol free. Factors Affecting Alcoholics Alcoholism

11 Lesson 3 Stages of Alcoholism Stage 1—Abuse: Typically, alcoholism begins with social drinking in an attempt to relax. Over time, a physical and psychological dependence on alcohol to manage stress develops. Stage 2—Dependence: The person reaches a point where he or she cannot stop drinking and is physically dependent on the drug. Stage 3—Addiction: In the final stage of alcoholism, drinking is the most important thing in a person’s life. Alcoholism

12 Lesson 3 Effects of Alcoholism Often, alcoholism has indirect, as well as direct, effects on people associated with alcoholics. These people may be involved in a process known as codependency. Codependents learn to ignore their own needs and focus their energy and emotions on the needs of the alcoholic. In the process, codependents lose their trust in others, their self-esteem, and, at times, their own health. Effects on Family and Society

13 Lesson 3 Dealing with Alcoholism Although alcoholism cannot be cured, it can be treated through recovery.recovery Counseling and medication can help an alcohol user set goals to deal with problems of alcohol abuse. SobrietySobriety is a lifelong commitment. Many resources are available to help people who have a drinking problem. Help is also available for the families and friends of problem drinkers. Treatment for Alcohol Abuse

14 Lesson 3 Steps to Recovery Treatment for Alcohol Abuse

15 Lesson 3 Where to Get Help for Alcohol Abuse Treatment for Alcohol Abuse

16 Lesson 3 Q. A group of alcohol-related birth defects, including physical and mental problems, is known as _____. 1.fetal alcohol syndrome 2.alcoholism 3.sobriety 4.domestic violence Choose the appropriate option. Quick Review

17 Lesson 3 A. A group of alcohol-related birth defects, including physical and mental problems, is known as fetal alcohol syndrome. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

18 Lesson 3 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. Define sobriety. Explain why sobriety is a lifelong commitment. Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

19 Lesson 3 A. Sobriety is living without alcohol. Sobriety must become a lifelong commitment because of the addictive qualities of alcohol and because alcoholism cannot be cured. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

20 Lesson 3 Provide a short answer to the question given below. Q. What steps must an alcoholic take during the recovery process? Click Next to view the answer. Quick Review

21 Lesson 3 A. An alcoholic must take the following steps during recovery: Admission Detoxification Counseling Recovery Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

22 Lesson 3 Alcoholism can have devastating effects on people associated with an alcoholic. Explain ways that these individuals can be affected, and tell how and where those living with an alcoholic can get help. Analyze the following situation. Quick Review

23 Lesson 3 A. Correct! A group of alcohol-related birth defects, including physical and mental problems, is known as fetal alcohol syndrome. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

24 Lesson 3 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer

25 Lesson 3 Alcohol passes from the mother’s body into the bloodstream of the fetus. Unlike the adult liver, the fetus’s liver is not developed enough to process the alcohol. As a result, a female who drinks during pregnancy risks permanent damage to the fetus. Infants born to mothers who drink during pregnancy may be at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Effects of Alcohol During Pregnancy Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a group of alcohol- related birth defects that include physical and mental problems. Alcohol During Pregnancy

26 Lesson 3 One of the most devastating effects of alcohol use is alcoholism. Alcoholism is characterized by an impaired ability to study, work, and socialize normally. What Is Alcoholism? Alcoholism is a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol. Alcoholism

27 Lesson 3 Some alcoholics may display harmful behaviors, such as drunken driving and violent or aggressive actions. Others may become quiet and withdrawn. Alcoholism isn’t limited to any age, race, ethnic, or socioeconomic group. Regardless of background, alcoholics can develop serious health problems, such as cirrhosis of the liver and brain damage. Alcoholics An alcoholic is an addict who is dependent on alcohol. Alcoholism

28 Lesson 3 Although alcoholism cannot be cured, it can be treated through recovery.recovery Counseling and medication can help an alcohol user set goals to deal with problems of alcohol abuse. SobrietySobriety is a lifelong commitment. Many resources are available to help people who have a drinking problem. Help is also available for the families and friends of problem drinkers. The process of learning to live an alcohol- free life is called recovery. Dealing with Alcoholism Treatment for Alcohol Abuse

29 Lesson 3 Dealing with Alcoholism Although alcoholism cannot be cured, it can be treated through recovery.recovery Counseling and medication can help an alcohol user set goals to deal with problems of alcohol abuse. SobrietySobriety is a lifelong commitment. Many resources are available to help people who have a drinking problem. Help is also available for the families and friends of problem drinkers. Sobriety is living without alcohol. Treatment for Alcohol Abuse


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