Presentation on theme: "Chapter 21, Lesson 1 The Health Risks of Alcohol Use"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 21, Lesson 1 The Health Risks of Alcohol Use
2 Alcohol is an addictive drug EthanolThe type of alcohol in alcoholic beveragesFermentationThe chemical action of yeast on sugarsDepressantA drug that slows the central nervous systemIntoxicationThe state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reducedWhat effects have you seen in people who have been drinking alcohol?
3 Short-term effects of Alcohol Changes to the brainCardiovascular changesLiver and Kidney problemsDigestive system problemsPancreas problemsOutline the specific changes/problems as described on page 568, Figure – turn in when complete
4 Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effect Body sizeGenderFoodRate of intakeAmountMedicine
5 Long-term effects of Alcohol Changes to the brainCardiovascular changesLiver and Kidney problemsDigestive system problemsPancreas problemsCompare the specific changes/problems as described on page 570, Figure 21.4 – turn in when complete
6 Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning Five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting (serious problem)Alcohol PoisoningA severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdoseSymptoms include:mental confusion and stuporcoma and inability to be rousedvomiting and seizuresslow respiration (10 sec/breath - 8 breaths/min)irregular heartbeathypothermia or low body temperature – pale/bluish color skin
7 Chapter 21, Lesson 2 Choosing to Live Alcohol-Free
8 Alcohol UseFactors that influence use: - peer pressure - family - media messages Do you see any connections to other lessons we have had?
9 Alcohol Use Psychological dependence a condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normallyPhysiological dependencea condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drugAlcohol can harm more than just your health.
10 Health Risks of Alcohol Use Facts:Illegal for anyone under the age of 21 (buy, possess, or consume)Teens who drink are more likely to be a victim or perpetrator of violent crimes (rape, date rape, assault, sexual assault, robbery, car accidents, homicide)Teens who drink are more likely to not abstain from sex and are often twice as likely to contract an STD25% of teens are exposed to alcohol abuse within their familiesAlcohol at school is intolerable = suspension
11 Avoiding Alcohol Alcoholism A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcoholYou will experience many benefits if you choose to live alcohol-freeWhat would be the most important benefit for you if you choose to stay alcohol-free?
12 Benefits of Living Alcohol-Free Maintain a healthy bodyEstablish healthy relationshipsMake healthy decisionsAvoid risk behaviorsAvoid illegal activitiesAvoid violenceAchieve your goals!
13 Refusing Alcohol How will you say “no”? Plan ahead… “I don’t like the taste”“No, thanks. I need to be in top shape for the game this week.”“I don’t drink alcohol – besides, I’m heading home.”“I really can’t, my parents would be angry. We have an agreement.”“I don’t want to risk getting kicked off the team.”“It would hurt the one I love most…”
14 Chapter 21, Lesson 3 The Impact of Alcohol Abuse
15 Drinking and Driving Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) The amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage (based on type of alcohol consumed, the rate it was consumed, and the body weight/size/genderAny amount of alcohol slows reflexes, reduces ability to judge distances & speeds, increases risk-behaviors, reduces concentration, increases forgetfulness
16 Driving while intoxicated DWI vs DUIIs there any difference?Under 21 years of age is illegal to use alcohol, and in general is illegal to drive while intoxicated or drive under the influence
17 Consequences of DUI/DWI Injuries to or death of the driver and othersArrest, jail time, court appearance and fine or bail, a police record, possible lawsuitsRestricted driving privileges and/or loss of licenseHigher auto insurance rates or a canceled insurance policy (high risk)
18 Alcohol and Pregnancy - FAS FAS - Fetal Alcohol SyndromeA group of alcohol-related birth defects that include physical and mental problemsEffects:Small head; deformities of face, hands, or feetHeart, liver, and kidney defectsVision and hearing problemsCNS problems, developmental disabilities, poor conditionDifficulties learning and short attention spanHyperactivity, anxiety, and social withdrawal
19 AlcoholismA disease that affects the person who drinks and others around him or herPhysically and psychologically dependent… with symptoms:CravingLoss of controlPhysical dependenceTolerance
20 Alcoholic An addict who is dependent on alcohol Scientific evidence suggests geneticEnvironmental factors (family, friends, culture, peer pressure, availability of alcohol, stress)Teens who start drinking are at higher risk of becoming alcoholic than someone who starts drinking as adult
21 Stages of Alcoholism 3 Stages of development Stage 1 – Abuse. Social drinking where dependence develops (memory loss, blackouts, may lie or make excuses to justify drinking)Stage 2 – Dependence. Physically dependent and cannot stop drinking (tries to hide problem; job, home, school suffers)Stage 3 – Addiction. Liver may be damaged, less alcohol is required to cause drunkenness (severe withdrawals w/o alcohol)
22 Effects on Family and Society Alcohol abuse plays a role in crimes and has negative effects on people who are around problem drinkers15 million alcoholics and problem drinkers in U.S.Major factor in the four leading causes of accidental death: car accidents, falls, drowning, and house firesPlays a major role in violent crimes (homicide, rape, forcible rape, and robbery; about 40% alcohol related)
23 Treatment for Alcohol Abuse Cannot be cured but can be treated!Recovery – the process of learning to live an alcohol-free lifeSobriety – living without alcohol (recovering alcoholics must make a lifelong commitment)Steps to Recovery:1. Admission – admitting to needing help2. Detoxification – a process which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol3. Counseling – learn to change behaviors and live without alcohol4. Recovery – takes responsibility for own life
24 Resources and programs available Al-Anon/Alateen helps families and friends learn to deal with living with an alcoholic Alcoholics Anonymous provides help (12 step program) Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) provides education to prevent underage drinking Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) peer-led education about avoiding alcohol use National Association for Children of Alcoholics provides help for children of alcoholics
25 Workbook Student Activity Glencoe Health Student Workbook Complete page 269 “Real World Connection” writing a dialogue. Read ‘Refusing Alcohol’ and follow the directions on the page. The dialogue should be at least 2-3 paragraphs long (use your notes to help you). Also, complete page 275 and answer the 4 questions after reading “Five Reasons to Be Alcohol-Free” Both assignments are due at the end of class.
26 Alternate Textbook Student Activity Glencoe Health Student TextbookRead page 581 “Making a Difference”. Answer the three questions that follow the story.Assignment due at the end of class.