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Chapter 21, Lesson 1 The Health Risks of Alcohol Use

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1 Chapter 21, Lesson 1 The Health Risks of Alcohol Use

2 Alcohol is an addictive drug
Ethanol The type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages Fermentation The chemical action of yeast on sugars Depressant A drug that slows the central nervous system Intoxication The state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance, and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly reduced What effects have you seen in people who have been drinking alcohol?

3 Short-term effects of Alcohol
Changes to the brain Cardiovascular changes Liver and Kidney problems Digestive system problems Pancreas problems Outline the specific changes/problems as described on page 568, Figure – turn in when complete

4 Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effect
Body size Gender Food Rate of intake Amount Medicine

5 Long-term effects of Alcohol
Changes to the brain Cardiovascular changes Liver and Kidney problems Digestive system problems Pancreas problems Compare the specific changes/problems as described on page 570, Figure 21.4 – turn in when complete

6 Binge Drinking and Alcohol Poisoning
Five or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting (serious problem) Alcohol Poisoning A severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose Symptoms include: mental confusion and stupor coma and inability to be roused vomiting and seizures slow respiration (10 sec/breath - 8 breaths/min) irregular heartbeat hypothermia or low body temperature – pale/bluish color skin

7 Chapter 21, Lesson 2 Choosing to Live Alcohol-Free

8 Alcohol Use Factors that influence use: - peer pressure - family - media messages Do you see any connections to other lessons we have had?

9 Alcohol Use Psychological dependence
a condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally Physiological dependence a condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drug Alcohol can harm more than just your health.

10 Health Risks of Alcohol Use
Facts: Illegal for anyone under the age of 21 (buy, possess, or consume) Teens who drink are more likely to be a victim or perpetrator of violent crimes (rape, date rape, assault, sexual assault, robbery, car accidents, homicide) Teens who drink are more likely to not abstain from sex and are often twice as likely to contract an STD 25% of teens are exposed to alcohol abuse within their families Alcohol at school is intolerable = suspension

11 Avoiding Alcohol Alcoholism
A disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol You will experience many benefits if you choose to live alcohol-free What would be the most important benefit for you if you choose to stay alcohol-free?

12 Benefits of Living Alcohol-Free
Maintain a healthy body Establish healthy relationships Make healthy decisions Avoid risk behaviors Avoid illegal activities Avoid violence Achieve your goals!

13 Refusing Alcohol How will you say “no”? Plan ahead…
“I don’t like the taste” “No, thanks. I need to be in top shape for the game this week.” “I don’t drink alcohol – besides, I’m heading home.” “I really can’t, my parents would be angry. We have an agreement.” “I don’t want to risk getting kicked off the team.” “It would hurt the one I love most…”

14 Chapter 21, Lesson 3 The Impact of Alcohol Abuse

15 Drinking and Driving Blood alcohol concentration (BAC)
The amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage (based on type of alcohol consumed, the rate it was consumed, and the body weight/size/gender Any amount of alcohol slows reflexes, reduces ability to judge distances & speeds, increases risk-behaviors, reduces concentration, increases forgetfulness

16 Driving while intoxicated
DWI vs DUI Is there any difference? Under 21 years of age is illegal to use alcohol, and in general is illegal to drive while intoxicated or drive under the influence

17 Consequences of DUI/DWI
Injuries to or death of the driver and others Arrest, jail time, court appearance and fine or bail, a police record, possible lawsuits Restricted driving privileges and/or loss of license Higher auto insurance rates or a canceled insurance policy (high risk)

18 Alcohol and Pregnancy - FAS
FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A group of alcohol-related birth defects that include physical and mental problems Effects: Small head; deformities of face, hands, or feet Heart, liver, and kidney defects Vision and hearing problems CNS problems, developmental disabilities, poor condition Difficulties learning and short attention span Hyperactivity, anxiety, and social withdrawal

19 Alcoholism A disease that affects the person who drinks and others around him or her Physically and psychologically dependent… with symptoms: Craving Loss of control Physical dependence Tolerance

20 Alcoholic An addict who is dependent on alcohol
Scientific evidence suggests genetic Environmental factors (family, friends, culture, peer pressure, availability of alcohol, stress) Teens who start drinking are at higher risk of becoming alcoholic than someone who starts drinking as adult

21 Stages of Alcoholism 3 Stages of development
Stage 1 – Abuse. Social drinking where dependence develops (memory loss, blackouts, may lie or make excuses to justify drinking) Stage 2 – Dependence. Physically dependent and cannot stop drinking (tries to hide problem; job, home, school suffers) Stage 3 – Addiction. Liver may be damaged, less alcohol is required to cause drunkenness (severe withdrawals w/o alcohol)

22 Effects on Family and Society
Alcohol abuse plays a role in crimes and has negative effects on people who are around problem drinkers 15 million alcoholics and problem drinkers in U.S. Major factor in the four leading causes of accidental death: car accidents, falls, drowning, and house fires Plays a major role in violent crimes (homicide, rape, forcible rape, and robbery; about 40% alcohol related)

23 Treatment for Alcohol Abuse
Cannot be cured but can be treated! Recovery – the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life Sobriety – living without alcohol (recovering alcoholics must make a lifelong commitment) Steps to Recovery: 1. Admission – admitting to needing help 2. Detoxification – a process which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol 3. Counseling – learn to change behaviors and live without alcohol 4. Recovery – takes responsibility for own life

24 Resources and programs available
Al-Anon/Alateen helps families and friends learn to deal with living with an alcoholic Alcoholics Anonymous provides help (12 step program) Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) provides education to prevent underage drinking Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) peer-led education about avoiding alcohol use National Association for Children of Alcoholics provides help for children of alcoholics

25 Workbook Student Activity
Glencoe Health Student Workbook Complete page 269 “Real World Connection” writing a dialogue. Read ‘Refusing Alcohol’ and follow the directions on the page. The dialogue should be at least 2-3 paragraphs long (use your notes to help you). Also, complete page 275 and answer the 4 questions after reading “Five Reasons to Be Alcohol-Free” Both assignments are due at the end of class.

26 Alternate Textbook Student Activity
Glencoe Health Student Textbook Read page 581 “Making a Difference”. Answer the three questions that follow the story. Assignment due at the end of class.

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