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Chapter 21- Alcohol.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 21- Alcohol."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 21- Alcohol

2 Key Terms Ethanol Fermentation Depressant Intoxication Binge Drinking
Alcohol Poisoning Psychological Dependence- A condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally. Physiological Dependence- A condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drug.

3 Key Terms, cont. Alcohol Abuse- The excessive use of alcohol.
Alcoholism Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Alcoholic- An addict who is dependent on alcohol. Recovery Sobriety- Living without alcohol.

4 Health Risks of Alcohol Use
Alcohol is a depressant Alcohol slows reaction time, impairs vision, and diminishes judgment. Alcohol stays in a person’s system until the liver can metabolize it.

5 Factors that Influence Alcohol’s Effects
Body Size Gender Food Rate of Intake Amount Medicine

6 Short-Term Effects of Alcohol
Changes to the Brain Cardiovascular Changes Liver and Kidney Problems Digestive System Problems Pancreas Problems

7 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol
Damage to brain cells and a reduction in brain size. Increase in blood pressure, which may lead to a heart attack or stroke. Buildup of fat cells in the liver, which can lead to cell death. Damage to the digestive lining of the stomach causing ulcers and cancer of the stomach. Destruction of the pancreas.

8 Long-Term Effects, cont.
Addiction Brain damage Heart damage High blood pressure Fatty liver Alcoholic hepatitis Cirrhosis of the liver (liver tissue is replaced with useless scar tissue)

9 Factors that Influence Alcohol Use
Peer Pressure Family Media Messages- may make alcohol use seem glamorous and fun.

10 Health Risks of Alcohol Use
In the U.S., nearly 50 people die each day as a result of alcohol-related traffic collisions. It is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to buy, possess, or consume alcohol. Alcohol and Violence are directly related. Approximately 25 percent of sexually active teens use alcohol or drugs before engaging in sexual activity. Teens who drink are twice as likely to contract an STD as teens who do not drink.

11 Activity
How does this video make you feel?

12 Driving While Intoxicated
Adult drivers who have a BAC of 0.08 percent can be charged with drunk driving. There is no acceptable BAC for anyone under 21. Consequences for DWI or DUI include: Injuries to or death of the driver and others. Arrest, jail time, court appearance and fine or bail, a police record, and possible lawsuits. Severely restricted driving privileges and/or immediate confiscation of driver’s license. Higher auto insurance rates or a canceled policy.

13 Stages of Alcoholism Stage 1- Abuse Stage 2- Dependence
Stage 3- Addiction

14 Treatment for Alcohol Abuse
Al-Anon/Alateen Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) National Association for Children of Alcoholics National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referral Routing Service Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) SAMSHA

15 Do Not Drink And Drive!!!!

16 Conclusion Health risks of alcohol abuse
Factors that influence use and abuse Treatment Questions???

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