2 Chlamydia- most common bacterial STD Caused by bacteria75% of females, 50% of males have no symptomsTransmitted through all types of sexual contact, mother to babyMost show no symptoms. Symptoms can include burning during urination, discharge, pain during sexProblems: PID and sterility in women, inflammation of the urethra, eye infections in babies born to infected mothers
3 Chlamydia Can be cured Treated with antibiotics for all partners Prevention: abstinence, mutual monogamy, condoms
4 Herpes Caused by virus, type 1 or type 2 Transmitted by sexual contact-can be transmitted when sores are not present, skin to skin, and close body contactOften no symptoms, internal and external sores on genitalsProblems: virus remains in body, can have out breaks at any time, can be transmitted to newborns
6 Herpes Cannot be cured- it’s a virus Treated with medications that can shorten the length and severity of outbreaksPreventions: abstinence, condoms may decrease risk depending on location of sores
7 Genital Warts Caused by Human Papilloma virus Transmitted by direct contact with skin infected with wart virus, and all types of sexSymptoms: none, or warts on the cervix, genital or anal area.Problems: increases risk for cervical cancer, transmitted to infants during birth
9 Genital Warts Cannot be cured since it’s a virus Treated by medications that are put on the warts, freezing warts, laser therapy or surgeryPrevention: Abstinence, condoms may reduce exposure depending on location
10 Gonorrhea Caused by a bacteria Transmitted through sexual contact Symptoms: often have none, discharge from genitals and burning during urinationProblems: PID in females and sterility in both, can cause infection and blindness in infants if passed on during birth
11 Gonorrhea Treated/cured with antibiotics Prevention: abstinence, condom use
12 Hepatitis B Caused by Hepatitis B virus, causes infection of the liver Transmitted through very tiny amounts of blood. Sex is the most common transmission route in the US. 100x more easily spread than HIV.Symptoms: Flu Like: abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, jaundice, lack of appetite. Many have no symptoms
13 Hepatitis B Problems: long term liver damage, liver cancer Treatment: no cure, antiviral drugs may help. Rest, good nutrition, avoiding alcohol and drugsPrevention: Hep. B vaccine, abstinence, correct sterilization of needles, condom use, latex gloves when in contact with blood.
14 Pubic LiceCaused by tiny insects that infest body hair, feed on human blood. Also called crabs, cootiesTransmitted by close or sexual contact, shared sheets, towels, clothing.Symptoms: no symptoms, or severe itching, may be able to see the lice
15 Pubic Lice Problems: infection due to scratching Treatment: special creams, shampoosPrevention: Abstinence, all partners must e treated, all bedding and clothing must be washed, don’t share towels, underwear
16 Syphilis Caused by bacteria Transmitted by sexual contact Symptoms: First stage: open sore (chancre), goes away without treatment2nd Stage: very contagious rash, develops into soresLatent Stage: no symptoms, but disease can be passed onLate Stage: Tumors, damage to brain, heart, nervous system
19 HIV infection and AIDS Caused by the HIV virus Transmitted through sex, IV drug use, mother to baby, injecting contaminated bloodSymptoms: no symptoms for several years, typical symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite and weight, diarrhea, night sweats, fever. May alternate between periods of health and illness, then symptoms become more frequent and severe.
20 HIV Infection and AIDSProblems: No known cure for AIDS, all infected people will eventually dieTreatment: Drugs that slow growth of HIVPrevention: Abstinence, use of latex gloves, condoms, never share needle injection equipment.
21 Trichomoniasis (yeast infection) Caused by parasite (Fungus)Transmitted through sex, touching genitalsSymptoms: no symptoms for most, itching, swelling, painful urination, yellow dischargeProblems: irritation, more susceptible to other illnesses and STDs