2What are STD’s and how common are they? Sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s) are more than 25 diseases spread through the process of sexual contact.STD’s are very common, with over 40 million people having chronic genital herpes and 4 million new chlamydia cases diagnosed every year.
3Who is at risk of getting STD’s? Anyone who is sexually active can contract a sexually transmitted disease.STD’s infect men and women of all ages. It is important to note that women are at greater risk of contracting STD’s because of basic anatomy differences.Teenagers are at the highest risk of getting an STD due to high risk behaviors.
4CHLAMYDIAChlamydia is a bacterial infection that is very common in young adults and teenagers.Many people do not even know they have chlamydia because over half of the people infected do not have any symptoms.
5CHLAMYDIAChlamydia is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person.Primary Risk factor: Unsafe SexChlamydia can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics if you know you have been infected.
6Symptoms in WomenNearly 75% of women infected with Chlamydia have no symptoms. Those who do exhibit:Vaginal dischargeBleeding after intercourseBleeding between menstrual cyclesAbdominal or pelvic pain
7Symptoms in MenNearly 50% of men infected with Chlamydia have no symptoms. Those who do exhibit:Discharge from the penisBurning with urinationSwollen and/or painful testicles
8Untreated ChlamydiaIf left untreated in women, chlamydia can spread to the pelvic area, leading to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This can lead to infertilityIf left untreated in men, chlamydia can lead to pain and swelling of the testicles, as well as infertility.
9GONORRHEAGonorrhea is a bacterial infection that is very common in sexually active adults and teenagers.Many women do not even know they have gonorrhea because most do not have any symptoms.
10GONORRHEAGonorrhea is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person.Primary Risk factor: Unsafe SexGonorrhea can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics if you know you have been infected.
11Symptoms in WomenMost women infected with Gonorrhea have no symptoms. Those who do exhibit:Vaginal dischargeIncreased frequency of urinationBurning during urinationBleeding after intercourseBleeding between menstrual cyclesAbdominal or pelvic pain
12Symptoms in MenMost men exhibit the following symptoms when infected with Gonorrhea:Discharge from the penisBurning with urinationIncreased frequency of urinationSwollen and/or painful testicles
13Untreated GonorrheaIf left untreated in women, Gonorrhea can spread to the pelvic area, leading to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This can lead to infertility.If left untreated in men, Gonorrhea can lead to pain and swelling of the testicles, as well as infertility.
14HERPESHerpes is a common infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).Once a person is infected with herpes, he or she remains infected for life.
15HerpesHerpes causes blisters and ulcers to periodically appear near the initial site of infection. These occurrences are called “outbreaks”.Long periods of time (up to 2 years) may elapse between the initial infection and the first outbreak.
16How is Herpes Spread?Herpes spreads through intimate skin contact with someone who is infected with the virus.Oral herpes can be transmitted through kissing, as well as through mouth to genital contact.Genital herpes can be transmitted through any form of unsafe sexual contact.
17Is Herpes Treatable?There is NO CURE for herpes. Once you are infected with the virus you will carry the virus in your body for life.There are some medications and creams that may reduce the severity and duration of the periodic outbreaks.
18What Triggers an Outbreak? Outbreaks of herpes can be caused by:StressExposure of SunlightSickness or high feverCertain types of foods or beveragesPeanutsAlcoholCoffeeChocolate
19HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUSHuman Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of more than 70 viruses that can cause warts. Genital warts (HPV’s) are sexually transmitted and effect the genitals and anal area of both men and women.
20How is HPV Transmitted?Genital warts are passed by direct contact during sex with a partner who has a wart or skin that is infected with the virus.Primary Risk Factor: Unsafe SexCurrently there is no cure for HPV. The warts can be removed. However, once the individual is infected, he or she carries the virus for life.
21Cancers Caused by HPVGenital warts are also linked to cervical cancer in women, and anal cancer in men and women.
22SYPHILISSyphilis is caused by a bacteria that if left untreated can have many serious complications.Primary Risk Factor: Unsafe SexSyphilis is treated and cured with antibiotics.
23SyphilisSyphilis is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. In particular, the bacteria is transmitted through direct contact with syphilis sores.Because the sores are painless, if they are not in a visible location, a person might not even know they are infected.
24Symptoms of SyphilisThe first stage (or symptom) of syphilis infection is usually a small painless sore (chancre) in the area of sexual contact.The sore usually appears 2 to 6 weeks after exposure and then disappears within a few weeks.
25Shortly after the initial sore heals, the second stage of symptoms will be noticed. These symptoms include: a rash all over the body, swollen lymph nodes, fever, and tiredness. These symptoms will disappear within several weeks.
26Notice that the first two stages of syphilis clear up on their own Notice that the first two stages of syphilis clear up on their own. HOWEVER, THE BACTERIA WILL REMAIN IN THE BODY IF NOT TREATED. This will lead to a third and potentially deadly stage of syphilis.Syphilis is a very serious infection for both men and women. During the third and final stage of syphilis, the bacteria will spread throughout the entire body. Without proper treatment, the infection can cause heart disease, dementia, blindness, paralysis, and death.
27How can I protect myself? STD’s are transmitted by body fluids such as semen, blood, and vaginal fluids.Abstinence is the only way to be 100% safe from contracting STD’s. Otherwise, using condoms during EVERY sexual activity will reduce your chances of catching an STD.REMEMBER, ONLY ABSTINENCE IS 100% EFFECTIVE IN PREVENTING SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES!