We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byJared Park
Modified over 5 years ago
Genetics and Genetic Engineering terms
clones b organisms or cells of nearly identical genetic makeup derived from a single source
complementary b containing structures that match or bond with related structures
electrophoresis b technique used to separate migrating molecules in an electrical field
Expression b the appearance of a trait directed by a gene
Codon (Genetic code) b a series of three nucleotide bases that determine the amino acid order and the proteins formed in cell reproduction
Transgenic b b a cell or organism that harbors another organism or DNA from a foreign source.
Genetic Engineering b technology involved in removing, modifying, or adding genes to a DNA molecule
Ligase b enzyme used to join two pieces of DNA
Mutation b a heritable change in genetic makeup
Nucleotides b building blocks of nucleic acid composed of a sugar, a phosphate and a nitrogenous base
Plasmid b a small, usually circular, piece of DNA that is separate from the chromosomal DNA
Polymerase b an enzyme that joins nucleotides to make nucleic acid
Recombinant DNA b DNA that has been altered by genetic engineering
Restriction enzyme b restriction endonuclease b enzyme that cuts DNA strands at specific sites
sequence b order of nucleotides or amino acids
template b a pattern used for developing a complementary structure
trait b a characteristic resulting from gene expression
transform b to change the genetic makeup of an organism by alteration of the DNA
vector b an agent such as a plasmid used to transfer DNA into a host cell
Complex Organism b higher organism b an organism with cells, tissues, and organs arranged to function as a single unit b ex. Plants, animals, humans
cell membrane b delicate structure that surrounds the cell
Cytoplasm b cell fluid containing all cell structures
Nucleus b control center of a cell b contains most of the DNA
Chromosomes b structures that are physical carriers of genes b made up of DNA b are located in cell nucleus
Ribosome b site where new proteins are produced b result of genetic expression
Genetic engineering b technology involved in removing, modifying, or adding genes to a DNA molecule
Genetic engineering b movement of a gene from one organism to another
Other names b recombinant DNA technology b recombinant DNA science b gene transfer b gene splicing gene cloning
Naturally occurring b alterations in the genetic makeup of plants and animals allow them to respond to changes in their environment
Naturally occurring b some bacteria and viruses change the function of cells by inserting their DNA into the DNA of the cell
Scientific Gen eng. b Scientists have developed the ability to transfer genetic material from one organism to another
Scientific Gen eng. b Plasmids found in some organisms can be engineered to accept DNA from other sources
Scientific Gen eng. b Restriction enzymes are used to cut the DNA at specific sites b cut ends of plasmid rings can accept pieces of DNA from other organisms
Scientific Gen eng. b The ability to cut and splice DNA segments is providing many opportunities for changing the function of organisms
Biotechnolgy. Basic Molecular Biology Core of biotechnology.
Genetics and Genetic Engineering
Points to Ponder What are three functions of DNA?
Biotechnology Chapter 11.
Recombinant DNA technology
Microbial Genetics A. Structure of DNA 1. discovered by James Watson and Francis Crick in stores genetic information for the production of proteins.
GENETIC ENGINEERING. INTRODUCTION For thousands of years people have changed the characteristics of plants and animals. For thousands of years people.
Concept 20.1: DNA cloning yields multiple copies of a gene or other DNA segment To work directly with specific genes, scientists prepare well-defined segments.
Definitions: 1. Genetic engineering- remaking genes for practical purposes 2. Recombinant DNA- DNA made from two or more different organisms 3. Restriction.
Genetic Engineering Do you want a footer?.
Objective 2: TSWBAT describe the basic process of genetic engineering and the applications of it.
Warm Up Create a Vocabulary 4 Square As we identify the terms in our lesson: 1.Define the term 2. Give an example 3. Draw a picture to help you remember.
Chapter 20~DNA Technology & Genomics. Who am I? Recombinant DNA n Def: DNA in which genes from 2 different sources are linked n Genetic engineering:
AP Biology: Chapter 14 DNA Technologies
Chapter 13 Section 1 DNA Technology. DNA Identification Only.10% of the human genome varies from person to person 98% of our genetic makeup does not code.
Ms. Gaynor Honors Genetics Biotechnology and the Use of Bacteria.
Biotechnology pp WHAT IS IT? Biotechnology : the application of technology to better use DNA and biology.
Chapter 15: Genetic Engineering
DNA & RNA Protein Synthesis. DNA be.com/watch?v =4PKjF7OumYo.
© 2020 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.