Presentation on theme: "The European Union And Why It Matters To Indiana"— Presentation transcript:
1 The European Union And Why It Matters To Indiana The European Union And Why It Matters To IndianaTeachers’ Training Workshop, 5/11/2007Presentation by Prof. Beate SissenichIndiana UniversityBloomington
2 Part 1: General Introduction to the EU Part 1: General Introduction to the EUPlease refer toThe European Union: A Guide for AmericansandHow the European Union Works
3 Please reflect in writing on the following question: Please reflect in writing on the following question:How does the European Union affect Indiana?
4 What is the EU? See map and table on p. 4 in The European Union: A Guide for AmericansThe world’s most deeply integrated system of regional inter-state cooperation27 European member statesCa. 490 million people (US: 300 million)Independent countries pooling their sovereignty in shared institutions to create common policiesSee map and table on p. 4 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans
5 What the EU is NOT: A “superstate” A “United States of Europe” What the EU is NOT:A “superstate”A “United States of Europe”A welfare stateA federationAn international organization such as the United Nations the EU is unique in structure and composition
6 Goals and Purposes Peace and stability Democracy Economic growth Goals and PurposesPeace and stabilityDemocracyEconomic growthSocial solidarity“Unity in diversity”
7 History 1951: European Coal and Steel Community (F, D, I, BeNeLux) History1951: European Coal and Steel Community (F, D, I, BeNeLux)1957: Treaties of Rome: European Economic Community (EEC), European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)1986: Single European Act to facilitate Single Market1992: Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty)1997 Treaty of Amsterdam2001 Treaty of NiceSee p. 3 and 34 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans
8 Governance: The 3 Pillars of the EU Governance: The 3 Pillars of the EU
9 Gradual Enlargement: from 6 to 27 members Gradual Enlargement: from 6 to 27 members1957: BeNeLux, D, F, I1973: Denmark, UK and Ireland1981: Greece1986: Spain and Portugal1995: Sweden, Finland, Austria2004: “jumbo” enlargement: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia2007: Bulgaria, RomaniaCandidates: Croatia, Turkey, FYR Macedonia
10 How is the EU run? See ch. 2 in The European Union: A Guide for AmericansUnique system of governance—some key institutions:European CommissionCouncil of the European Union and European CouncilEuropean ParliamentEuropean Court of Justice and Court of AuditorsInterest representation: Economic and Social Committee and Committee of the RegionsSee ch. 2 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans
11 European Commission p. 6 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp in How the EU WorksRepresents European perspective27 Commissioners, appointed for 5-year termsExecutive branch w/seat in Brussels (also Luxembourg)Sole initiator of legislationImplements EU policies and budgetEnforces EU lawRepresents the EU internationallyp. 6 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp in How the EU Works
12 Council of the EU p. 6-7 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp in How the EU WorksMain decision-making bodyVoice of the member statesMade up of one member from each member state governmentMeets in 9 issue-specific configurations: general affairs and external relations, economics & finance, agriculture, etc.Rotating presidency (6 months)Responsibilities: adopting laws; coordinating economic policies; concluding international agreements; approving the budget (w/ Parliament); developing Common Foreign and Security Policy; coordinating cooperation in police and judicial affairsp. 6-7 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp in How the EU Works
13 Voting in the Council p. 19 in How the EU Works Voting in the Council p. 19 in How the EU WorksBy unanimity in Common Foreign and Security Policy, taxation, and asylum and immigrationBy qualified majority in most policy areas: majority of member states and minimum of 72.3 % of votesWeighted voting: larger countries have more votes, but smaller countries are disproportionately represented
14 European Parliament p. 7 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans pp in How the EU WorksDirectly elected since 1979785 members from 27 member states, elected for 5-year termsOrganized in 8 political groups, each of which is based on national partiesSeats in Strasbourg and BrusselsPasses legislation (together with the Council)Democratic supervision of other EU institutionsApproves/rejects the budget
15 What does the EU do? See pp in The European Union: A Guide for AmericansSingle market: freedom of movement for goods, services, capital and peopleCommon currency (13 out of 27 member states currently use the euro)Common foreign and security policyPolice and judicial cooperation in criminal matters
16 Activity: Please consult Key Facts and Figures about Europe and the Europeans to answer the following questions:How wealthy are Europeans?How much does the EU spend on research?How much does the EU produce?How much do EU countries trade inside the EU? How much do they trade with other countries?
17 Spending and Government in the EU Spending and Government in the EUEU budget is capped at 1.27 % of EU GNP2003: 1.02% of EU GDP↔ US: 36.7 % of GDP↔ D: 48.3 % of GDP↔ SW: 57.3 % of GDP↔ EI: 33.5 % of GDPEU administration is smaller than national administrations:EU permanent staff = 30,000, of which 73 % are Commission staff↔ US federal civilian employment = 2.73 million
20 Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Direct InvestmentSource:
21 EU-Indiana Trade Indiana’s goods exports to EU25 were USD 3.96 billion representing 24.1% of total exports in
22 Foreign Investment in Indiana EU15 Investment in Indiana supported an estimated 84,200 jobs in EU15 was #1 foreign investor in Indiana in EU15 Investment amounted to an estimated USD 18,454 millions or 65.6% of total foreign direct Investment in Indiana in
23 Please revisit your earlier notes on the question: Please revisit your earlier notes on the question:How does the European Union affect Indiana?How has your assessment changed?What would you add to your earlier observations?