Presentation on theme: "THE EUROPEAN UNION Lesson 5"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE EUROPEAN UNION Lesson 5 How does the structure of government within the EU compare with the structure of government in the United States?
2 Promoting the common interest Three key playersThe EuropeanCommissionPromoting the common interest
3 The EU Institutions European Council (Summit) European Parliament Council of the EUEuropean CommissionCourt of JusticeCourt of AuditorsCommittee of the RegionsEconomic and Social CommitteeEuropean Investment BankEuropean Central BankAgencies
4 European Commission President José Manuel Barroso 27 Commissioners, each responsible for specific policy areas, representing the common European perspective.Proposes legislation and enforces laws.Negotiates trade agreements.Manages Europe’s multilateral development cooperation.European Commission President José Manuel Barroso
5 Council of the European Union EU’s main decision-making body, comprised of ministers of 27 Member States, representing each Member State’s point of view.Decides on foreign policy issues.Council presidency rotates among Member States every six months.
6 European Parliament Voice of European citizens. Members elected for five-year terms.With the Council, passes EU laws and adopts EU budgets.Approves EU Commissioners.
7 European Court of Justice Highest EU judicial authority.Ensures all EU laws are interpreted and applied correctly and uniformly.Can act as an independent policy maker but unlike the U.S. Supreme Court, the ECJ can only deal with matters covered by the Treaties.
8 How EU laws are madeCitizens, interest groups, experts: discuss, consultCommission: makes formal proposalParliament and Council of Ministers: decide jointlyNational or local authorities: implementCommission and Court of Justice:monitor implementation
9 The European Parliament Decides EU laws and budget together with Council of the European UnionProvides democratic supervision of all the EU’s workNumber of members elected in each country (January 2010)17AustriaFinland13Latvia8Romania33Belgium22France72Lithuania12Slovakia13Bulgaria17Germany99Luxembourg6Slovenia7Cyprus6Greece22Malta550Spain22Czech RepublicHungary22Netherlands25Sweden18Denmark13Ireland12Poland50United Kingdom726EstoniaItaly72Portugal22Total736
10 The European Political Parties Number of seats in the European Parliament per political group(January 2010)Alliance of Liberals andDemocrats for Europe84European People’s Party (Christian Democrats)265Greens/European Free Alliance55Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Socialists and Democrats Democrats184European Conservatives and Reformists54Europe of Freedom and Democracy32European UnitedLeft - Nordic Green Left35Total : 736Non-attached members 27
11 Council of the European Union voice of the member states One minister from each EU countryPresidency: rotates every six monthsDecides EU laws and budget together with ParliamentManages the common foreign and security policy
12 Council of the European Union number of votes per country Germany, France, Italy and the United Kingdom29Spain and Poland27Romania14Netherlands13Belgium, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary and Portugal12Austria, Bulgaria and Sweden10Denmark, Ireland, Lithuania, Slovakia and Finland7Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Luxembourg and Slovenia4Malta3Total:345“Qualified majority” needed for many decisions: 255 votes and a majority of member statesFrom 2014: 55% of the Member States with 65% of the population
13 Summit of the European Council Summit of heads of state and government of all EU countriesHeld at least 4 times a yearSets the overall guidelines for EU policiesPresident: Herman Van Rompuy
14 The European Commission promoting the common interestProposes new legislationManages and implementsEU policies and budgetGuardian of the treatiesRepresents the EU on theinternational stage27 independent members, one from each EU country
15 The European Court of Justice upholding the lawRules on how to interpret EU lawEnsures EU countries apply EU laws in the same way27 independent judges, one from each EU country
16 The European Court of Auditors getting value for your money Checks that EU funds areused properlyCan audit any person ororganization dealing withEU funds27 Independent members
17 The European Central Bank managing the euroEnsures price stabilityControls money supply and decides interest ratesWorks independently from governments
18 Civil servants working for the EU Commission employs about 23,000 permanent civil servants and 11,000 temporary or contract workers
19 Other EU institutions about 10,000 employed Permanent civil servantsSelected by open competitionsCome from all EU countriesSalaries decided by lawEU administration costs €15 per EU citizen per year