3 What is Civics?Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizens.Citizens are a part of a countryShare a common historyCharacteristics of a citizen:Owe loyalty to the governmentEntitled to protection from the governmentAgree to follow laws and accept government authority.
5 PARTNER UP Discuss with your partner: Where are they from? Where did their ancestors come from (if you know)?What is their ethnicity (white, black, hispanic, asian, ect…..)?Are they an American citizen?
6 A Changing Society The United States is a nation of immigrants. Immigration from Europe:Early immigrationAfter American independence-Land of Promise!From southern and eastern Europe
7 A Changing SocietyAbout 500,000 African Immigrants were forced to come between 1619 and 1808.A Shift in Immigration patters….For the past 50 years we have seen more immigrants coming from _____?????
8 A diverse Population Ethnic diversity: Whites of European descent- 234 millionLatinos- 39 millionAfrican Americans- 37 millionAsians and Pacific Islanders- 12 millionNative Americans- 2.8 million
13 A Changing Society The Average Age of Citizens Increase levels of educationGrowing Latino population.
14 How do you view the current trend in immigration? Group discussion
15 What are Values?Values are broad ideas about what is good or desirable that are shared by people in a society.Basic American valuesValues uniting Americans:The country’s founding documentsThe English language as a source of unityBelief in popular sovereignty
16 What is popular sovereignty? The notion that power lies with the people through:Fair, free, and regular electionsEqual justice under the lawMajority rule through the people’s representatives in government.
17 American Institutions Role of major American institutionsThe familyReligious institutionsEducational institutionsSocial institutionsGovernmental institutions
19 What does the Constitution say about citizenship? The U.S. Constitution establishes two ways to become a citizen:by birth and, for foreigners,by a legal process called naturalization.Look at the 14th Amendment on page 110.
20 Who are American Citizens? You would automatically be an American citizen if you were born in a state or the District of Columbia, in an American territory, or on a U.S. military base overseas.
21 Who are American Citizens? You can also claim citizenship if your parents are both citizens or one parent is a citizen who has lived in the United States.Children born on American soil to non-U.S. citizens also acquire U.S. citizenship, except for children of foreign diplomats.A child born abroad to American parents may hold dual citizenship.
22 Is this person an American citizen? -Johns Father is a marine stationed on a marine base in Italy. John is born on the base. Is he a U.S. citizen?-Steve’s mother is an illegal immigrant living in Miami. Steve in born in Miami. Is he a U.S. Citizen.-Emily’s parents are both U.S. citizens, but she is born in Argentina. Is she a U.S. citizen
23 Not an American Citizen? Non-citizens, or aliens, have citizenship with a country other than the U.S.Come to the U.S. to study, work, or visit relatives and eventually return home.More than half a million immigrants–people who move permanently to a new country– gain American citizenship each year through the naturalization process
25 Naturalization Process STEP #1Aliens must file a Declaration of Intention with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
26 Naturalization Process STEP #2Live in the United States for at least 5 years (three years if married to a citizen).Take Citizenship classes.
27 Naturalization Process Step #3File for citizenship.
28 Naturalization Process STEP #4Interview with an USCIS official.Good moral character?Meet requirements?
29 Naturalization Process STEP #5The applicant must take and pass a citizenship exam.Must be able to read, write, and speak the English languageKnowledge of the history of the country.Could you pass?!?!?! Class Activity!
30 Naturalization Process Step #6 (Final Step)The applicant pledges an oath of allegiance.
32 How long do you keep your citizenship?? Forever!!Americans keep their citizenship for life, unless they choose to give it up (expatriation).Naturalized citizens can not however be President or Vice President.
33 Writing Activity!Summarize the 5 steps in the naturalization process. Imagine that your summary will be published in a brochure that will be read by immigrants who want to learn about how to become a United States Citizen.
34 Legal Aliens in America The United States restricts the number of immigrants who can enter the country to about 675,000.Highest priority goes to relatives of U.S. citizens and people with needed skills.Legal aliens live like most Americans. They hold jobs and pay taxes.
35 How did the Immigration Act of 1990 change Immigration policy? The act shifted the priority for immigration from people related to U.S. citizens to people with specific skills, or talents, or money to invest.
36 Legal Aliens in America They do not have full political rights.They may not vote, run for office, serve on juries, or work in most government jobs.They must carry identification cards.
37 Classification of Legal aliens Resident Alien= A person from a foreign country who has established a permanent residence.Nonresident citizen= Plans to stay in the U.S. for a short period.Refugees= people who leave another country and come to the U.S. to escape persecution.
38 Illegal AliensDespite laws and limits, approximately 12 million aliens are living in the United States illegally.Some were refused permission and others never applied for permissionIts against the law to hire illegal immigrants, but those who do find work do it for very little pay.
39 Why do aliens come to the U.S.? Many aliens live in the United States illegally.Most come looking for a better life.Without friends and family here, life is hard.Laws forbid hiring illegal aliens, so work is hard to find.They live in fear that the government will discover and deport them–send them back to their own country.
41 ReviewNon-citizens who are living in the United States against the law are called_______.The government agency that deals with immigration and citizenship is called ___.Anyone born or naturalized in the United States is called a ________.
42 The Constitution establishes two ways to become a citizen: by birth or through a legal process calledA. immigration.B. deportation.C. naturalization.D. legalization.
43 Someone who moves permanently to a new country is referred to as A. a citizen.B. an immigrant.C. an alien.D. a naturalized citizen.
44 Which of the following babies would NOT automatically become an American citizen? A. a baby born in any of the 50 statesB. a baby born in an American territoryC. a baby born in the United States to foreignersD. a baby born in the United States to foreign diplomats
45 The Immigration Act of 1990 benefits A. people with money or particular skills and talents.B. illegal aliens.C. Danish immigrants.D. poor, unskilled immigrants.
46 Unlike citizens, aliens may not A. hold jobs.B. own property.C. attend public schools.D. vote in elections.
52 Democratic Governments Direct democracy= All citizens meet to discuss matters.
53 Types of Democracy Representative democracy or republic The citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf.
54 Types of DemocracyConstitutional monarchy= A hereditary ruler (King or Queen)
55 Principles of American Democracy Rule of lawLimited governmentConsent of the governedIndividual RightsRepresentative Government (Representative Democracy)
56 Democratic Principals Voting and DemocracyFree fair and competitive electionsLegal requirements for voting kept at a minimum.Voters have a Choice.Competing political partiesMajority Rule= citizens agree to abide by what most people want when they have different opinions about an issue.
57 Authoritarian Government Authoritarian government is one in which an individual or group holds power and are not accountable to the people.1. Absolute monarchy2. Dictatorship- one person has complete control3. Totalitarianism- Government control extends to almost all aspects of people’s lives.