Presentation on theme: "Lincoln and Douglas Debate Republicans – antislavery, Democrats – proslavery Northerners feared that Southerners wanted to expand slavery to the entire."— Presentation transcript:
Lincoln and Douglas Debate Republicans – antislavery, Democrats – proslavery Northerners feared that Southerners wanted to expand slavery to the entire nation Lincoln, a Republican, was nominated to run against Steven Douglas, the Democrat who sponsored Kansas- Nebraska Act, for a seat in the Senate They held debates leading up to the election Lincoln was antislavery, but did not want to abolish it where it already existed. He just wanted to stop it from spreading. Douglas won the election, but Lincoln gained popularity.
John Brown Attacks Harper’s Ferry Brown wanted to inspire slaves to fight for their freedom Planned to capture the weapons in the US arsenal at Harper’s Ferry Oct. 1859: Brown and followers captured arsenal and killed 4 people Brown wanted to arm the slaves, but no slaves joined the fight Brown tried for murder and treason executed Northern abolitionists publically mourned his death, South outraged by this reaction
The Election of 1860 Lincoln and Douglas competed for votes in the North Breckenridge and Bell competed for votes in the South Lincoln won North, Breckenridge won South Since there were more people in the North, Lincoln won the election Lincoln promised not to abolish slavery in the South, but Southerners didn’t trust him Southerners saw Republican victory as a threat to the Southern way of life
Southern States Secede Secede = withdraw South claimed that states had the right to secede from the Union since they had joined the Union voluntarily South Carolina was the first to secede, several other Southern states followed this example Southern states formed a new country, the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis = president of the Confederacy Confederacy made a Constitution modeled after US, but protected slavery
Union Responds to Secession & Efforts to Compromise Fail Northerners considered secession unconstitutional They said that states did not have the right to secede and allowing secession would make the US (the Union) weak Southerners said that Northerners planned to use their majority to abolish slavery Northerners basically said “well, that is what democracy is all about…” Lincoln continued to promise the South that he had no plans to abolish slavery US had several forts in the South that it needed to protect and supply
1861: the war begun!! The Confederacy attacked a US fort, Ft. Sumter, and the American Civil War begins