Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15, Section 4 Secession and War. Election of 1860 The Northern Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas The Southern Democrats nominated John C."— Presentation transcript:
Election of 1860 The Northern Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas The Southern Democrats nominated John C. Breckinridge, who supported the Dred Scott Decision The Constitutional Union Party nominated John Bell
Lincoln Nominated/Elected The Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln Their platform was that slavery should be left undisturbed where it existed, but should not spread into new territories With the Democrats divided, Lincoln won a clear majority of electoral votes The vote was along sectional lines Lincoln’s name didn’t even appear on the ballot in many Southern states
The South Secedes Many people in the South didn’t trust that the Republicans would allow slavery to remain where it already existed On December 20, 1860, South Carolina held a convention and voted to secede
Attempt at Compromise Senator John Crittenden offered a last-minute compromise, proposing a series of amendments to the constitution Central to his plan was a provision to protect slavery under the 36 30 North Compromise Line The Republicans found this unacceptable because they had just won an election based on the principle that slavery should not extend into any new territories
The Confederacy The Confederate States of America was formed in February 1861 and Jefferson Davis was chosen as their president It included Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. They felt that “states’ rights” gave them the right to secede. The national government had refused to enforce the Fugitive Slave Law
Reactions to Secession Most Southerners were thrilled but others were worried Some Northern abolitionists were happy to see the South go! Most Northerners agreed that the Union must be preserved.
Presidential Responses Buchanan sent a message to Congress saying that the Southern states had no right to secede, but he had no power in stopping them from doing so North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Arkansas were the remaining slave states They threatened to secede if the US used force against the Confederate States
Fort Sumter On the day after his inauguration, Lincoln received word that Fort Sumter, a federal fort that was captured by the Confederacy, was low on supplies and that the Confederates demanded their surrender
The War Begins Lincoln ordered an unarmed expedition to South Carolina to replenish the fort He said that it would be up to the Confederacy to fire the first shot Confederate president Jefferson Davis ordered their forces to attack Fort Sumter They opened fire on April 12 th, 1861. Thousands of shots were fired, but no one was killed The Civil War had just begun.