2SecessionAfter the John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, many southerners believed secession was the only way to protect their states’ rights and continue as a slave-owning region.Secession is when part of a country leaves or breaks off from the rest.
3Northerners Northerners upset Republican Party Kansas-Nebraska Act & Dred Scott decision.Republican PartyNew political party formedwanted to keep slavery out of the territories
4Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln famous Republican only served one term in Congressafter the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Lincoln decided to run for senate
5Senate Race Lincoln ran against Stephen Douglas Lincoln Douglas Debated 7 timesslavery was discussed every timeLincolnslavery = “moral, social, and political evil”Douglaswanted popular sovereignty in the territories.
6Senate Race Douglas thought that Lincoln slavery was not wrong and it should be legal if people wanted itthe country could remain split or divided into free and slave state.Lincolnhated slaverydid not think the national gov. had the right to end it
7A Divided Nation Lincoln lost the election Debates made Lincoln famous Northerners thought he was a hero while the southerners thought he was the enemy.
8Presidential Election 1860 John Breckinridge vs. LincolnBreckinridge wanted slavery allowed in all the territories.Lincoln won the election even with none of the southern states voting for him.
9Southerners extremely upset feared the gov. would grow strongerslavery would not existAfter Lincoln was elected, southerners believed secession was the only way to protect their rights
10Secession Begins withdrew from the Union SC, MI, FL, AL, GA, Louisiana, & TXdelegates from the 7 states voted to form their own confederationThe Confederate States of AmericaThe Confederacy was led by Jefferson Davis.
11Fort SumterPresident Lincoln tried to hold the country together, but in Charleston, South Carolina, the state militia had surrounded Fort Sumter.The Confederate government wanted control of the fort and Lincoln refused to surrender.
12Fort SumterLincoln sent supplies to the fort instead of giving up and this made the Confederate leaders think that Lincoln’s refusal to surrender Fort Sumter as an act of war.The Confederates ordered cannons to fire on the fort. On April 12, 1861, the first shot was fired.
13Civil WarThe cannons fired for 34 hours. As last, the soldiers in the fort had to surrender.The attack on the fort marked the beginning of the Civil War.President Lincoln called for 75,000 soldiers to fight. Some state refused to fight for Lincoln and joined theConfederacy instead.
14Lesson ReviewAmerican who opposed slavery formed the Republican Party.Abraham Lincoln became famous for his speeches against slavery.After Lincoln’s election, southern states began to leave the Union.
15DEBATE Team One Team Two President Lincoln should have tried to keep the union togetherPresident Lincoln should have let the confederacy continue as a separate union