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Civil War Begins Pages 164-169. Secession After the John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry, many southerners believed secession was the only way to protect.

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Presentation on theme: "Civil War Begins Pages 164-169. Secession After the John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry, many southerners believed secession was the only way to protect."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civil War Begins Pages

2 Secession After the John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry, many southerners believed secession was the only way to protect their states rights and continue as a slave-owning region. After the John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry, many southerners believed secession was the only way to protect their states rights and continue as a slave-owning region. Secession is when part of a country leaves or breaks off from the rest. Secession is when part of a country leaves or breaks off from the rest.

3 Northerners Northerners upset Northerners upset –Kansas-Nebraska Act & Dred Scott decision. Republican Party Republican Party –New political party formed –wanted to keep slavery out of the territories

4 Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln –famous Republican –only served one term in Congress –after the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Lincoln decided to run for senate

5 Senate Race Lincoln ran against Stephen Douglas Lincoln ran against Stephen Douglas –Debated 7 times slavery was discussed every time slavery was discussed every time Lincoln Lincoln –slavery = moral, social, and political evil Douglas Douglas –wanted popular sovereignty in the territories.

6 Senate Race Douglas thought that Douglas thought that –slavery was not wrong and it should be legal if people wanted it –the country could remain split or divided into free and slave state. Lincoln Lincoln –hated slavery –did not think the national gov. had the right to end it

7 A Divided Nation Lincoln lost the election Lincoln lost the election Debates made Lincoln famous Debates made Lincoln famous Northerners thought he was a hero while the southerners thought he was the enemy. Northerners thought he was a hero while the southerners thought he was the enemy.

8 Presidential Election 1860 John Breckinridge vs. Lincoln John Breckinridge vs. Lincoln Breckinridge wanted slavery allowed in all the territories. Breckinridge wanted slavery allowed in all the territories. Lincoln won the election even with none of the southern states voting for him. Lincoln won the election even with none of the southern states voting for him.

9 Southerners extremely upset extremely upset feared feared –the gov. would grow stronger –slavery would not exist After Lincoln was elected, southerners believed secession was the only way to protect their rights After Lincoln was elected, southerners believed secession was the only way to protect their rights

10 Secession Begins withdrew from the Union withdrew from the Union –SC, MI, FL, AL, GA, Louisiana, & TX –delegates from the 7 states voted to form their own confederation –The Confederate States of America The Confederacy was led by Jefferson Davis. The Confederacy was led by Jefferson Davis.

11 Fort Sumter President Lincoln tried to hold the country together, but in Charleston, South Carolina, the state militia had surrounded Fort Sumter. President Lincoln tried to hold the country together, but in Charleston, South Carolina, the state militia had surrounded Fort Sumter. –The Confederate government wanted control of the fort and Lincoln refused to surrender.

12 Fort Sumter Lincoln sent supplies to the fort instead of giving up and this made the Confederate leaders think that Lincolns refusal to surrender Fort Sumter as an act of war. Lincoln sent supplies to the fort instead of giving up and this made the Confederate leaders think that Lincolns refusal to surrender Fort Sumter as an act of war. The Confederates ordered cannons to fire on the fort. On April 12, 1861, the first shot was fired. The Confederates ordered cannons to fire on the fort. On April 12, 1861, the first shot was fired.

13 Civil War The cannons fired for 34 hours. As last, the soldiers in the fort had to surrender. The cannons fired for 34 hours. As last, the soldiers in the fort had to surrender. –The attack on the fort marked the beginning of the Civil War. President Lincoln called for 75,000 soldiers to fight. Some state refused to fight for Lincoln and joined the President Lincoln called for 75,000 soldiers to fight. Some state refused to fight for Lincoln and joined the Confederacy instead. Confederacy instead.

14 Lesson Review American who opposed slavery formed the Republican Party. American who opposed slavery formed the Republican Party. Abraham Lincoln became famous for his speeches against slavery. Abraham Lincoln became famous for his speeches against slavery. After Lincolns election, southern states began to leave the Union. After Lincolns election, southern states began to leave the Union.

15 DEBATE Team One President Lincoln should have tried to keep the union together Team Two President Lincoln should have let the confederacy continue as a separate union


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