Presentation on theme: "KNIGHTS TEMPLAR Their Masonic Symbolism and Historical Impact on Western Society Presented By: M ∴ E ∴ Omar Scaife Grand Master of Knights Templar."— Presentation transcript:
KNIGHTS TEMPLAR Their Masonic Symbolism and Historical Impact on Western Society Presented By: M ∴ E ∴ Omar Scaife Grand Master of Knights Templar
Introduction This lecture will focus primarily on the symbols used by this degree, The secondary purpose of this lecture will be to demonstrate the historical impact of said symbolism.
Constantine, the Great Christianity Edict of Milan Council of Nicaea 325 Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible, And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only- begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds; God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God; begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made,
Nicene Creed, Continued Who, for us men for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made man; and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures; and ascended into heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father;
Nicene Creed, Continued …and He shall come again, with glory, to judge the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end, And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life; who proceeds from the Father [and the Son]; who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spoke by the prophets,
Nicene Creed, Continued And I believe one holy catholic and apostolic Church. I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.
In Hoc Signo Vinces Battle of the Milvian Bridge Chi-Rho
Crusades A long series or Wars between Christians and Muslims over control of Jerusalem which was called the Holy Land because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached and died.
Causes of the Crusades Muslim Turks captured Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire Muslims stopped Christians from Visiting Holy Land Christian pilgrims were attacked Byzantine Empire feared attack on Constantinople
The Call to Arms Pope Urban II called for the defeat of the Turks, returning the Holy Land to the Christians
Who Answered the Call? Feudal Lords Knights Peasants
The First Crusade (1096-1099) Peasant army –Untrained –Lacked military equipment –Many killed by Muslim Turks Knights –Succeeded in capturing Jerusalem
Second Crusade (1147-1149) After victory many Christians went back home. The Turks eventually took back much of the territory. King of France and Emperor of Germany sent troops to stop the Turks.
Second Crusade (1147-1149) Saladin leads the Muslim Turks to victory, defeating the Christians * He was considered a very wise ruler. He was known for his sometimes kind treatment of fallen enemies. Many Christians saw him as a model of knightly chivalry.
Third Crusade (1189-1192) King Richard of England convinces the Turks to allow Christians to visit the Holy Land
Crusades Continue Through 1200’s Total of nine crusades attempted with no victories for the Christians Children’s crusade, - 30,000 soldiers - many of them under 12 years old – Never made it to the Holy Land