5 The Call to ArmsPope Urban II called for the defeat of the Turks, returning the Holy Land to the Christians
6 Who Answered the Call?Feudal LordsKnightsPeasants
7 The First Crusade (1096-1099) Peasant army Knights Untrained Lacked military equipmentMany killed by Muslim TurksKnightsSucceeded in capturing Jerusalem
8 Second Crusade ( )After victory many Christians went back home.The Turks eventually took back much of the territory.King of France and Emperor of Germany sent troops to stop the Turks.
9 Second Crusade ( )Saladin leads the Muslim Turks to victory, defeating the Christians* He was considered a very wise ruler. He was known for his sometimes kind treatment of fallen enemies. Many Christians saw him as a model of knightly chivalry.
10 Third Crusade ( )King Richard of England convinces the Turks to allow Christians to visit the Holy Land
11 Crusades Continue Through 1200’s Several more crusades attempted with no victories for the ChristiansChildren’s crusade, - 30,000 soldiers - many of them under 12 years old – Never made it to the Holy Land
12 Results of the Crusades I.F. Turks Traveled they would TradeI = Improvements – Ships, Maps, ExplorersF = Feudalism declines because Feudal lords die or spend too much money on military.T = Turks still rule the Holy LandT = Travel – Europeans want to travel moreT = Trade – Europeans want product from the East such as sugar, cotton, silk, spices, etc.
14 Assignment: Crusades Game or Recruitment Poster Use your notes and the textbook pages to create either a recruitment poster or a crusades board game. Your project should include:A definition of the crusades.A map of the crusades.The four causes of the crusades.Pope Urban’s call for defeat of the Turks to return the. holy land top the Christians.Who answered or needs to answer the call.A description of all four crusades.The results of the crusades.
15 Assignment: Game or Poster The Game Requirements and Materials: 10 pointsThe Recruitment PosterRequirements and Materials: 10 pointsYou will be provided with a sheet of paper and one dice to play.All writing must be on the game. You may want to establish rules on the back.You can design your game however you want, but consequences and game advancement should be based on circumstances/events that would have actually happened.Be creative, your project should be colorfulFor full credit make sure that 1-7 above are included in your gameYou will be provided with a sheet of paper.You are trying to entice Christians to join the last crusade, so use language that is persuasive!You will need have a place on your recruitment poster that gives a history of the previous crusades