Presentation on theme: "Europe: Rule, Religion, and Conflict"— Presentation transcript:
1 Europe: Rule, Religion, and Conflict The Later Middle AgesEurope: Rule, Religion, and Conflict
2 The CrusadesThe Big IdeaThe Christian and Muslim cultures fought over holy sites during a series of medieval wars called the Crusades.7.6.6
3 The CrusadesPalestine and Jerusalem fell into the hands of Turkish Muslims during the Middle Ages.Yeah baby
4 The CrusadesThe Turks attacked Christian pilgrims in the Holy Land and made it dangerous to travel.The Turks began to raid the Byzantine Empire in the East, so their pope called on the Roman Catholic Church for help.
5 The Crusades Main Idea 1: The pope called on Crusaders to invade and retake the Holy Land in 1095 A.D.We wants it.We needs it.Must have the precious.
6 The CrusadesThe Crusades were a long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in the Middle East.
7 The Crusades The wars were fought over control of Palestine. Palestine was considered the Holy Land, because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached, and died.
8 The First CrusadeFive thousand men came to fight and sewed crosses on their clothing to show that they were fighting for God.The word crusade comes from the Latin for “marked with a cross.”
9 The First CrusadeOn the way to the Holy Land, the crusaders attacked Jews in Germany, blaming them for the death of Jesus.
10 The First CrusadeBefore the Crusaders reached the Holy Land, the Turks killed most of the untrained and ill-equipped Christian peasants.
11 The First CrusadeThe nobles and knights moved on and defeated the disorganized Muslim army at Jerusalem.The crusaders set up four small kingdoms in the Holy Land and began trading with Europe. The rulers of these kingdoms created a lord and vassal system like they had known at home.
12 After the 1st CrusadeAfter a period of peace in which Christians and Muslims co-existed in the Holy Land, Muslim forces captured Edessa and later defeated the Crusaders at Damascus.
13 After the 1st CrusadesThe Christians were unable to keep the Muslims from taking back land that had been won in the First Crusades.
14 Later Crusades Main Idea 2: Despite some initial success the later Crusades failed.
15 Later Crusades In 1187,Saladin recaptured Jerusalem. Saladin was the Muslim Sultan of Egypt and a fierce warriorSaladin (Salah al-Din)
16 Later Crusades Another crusade was called by the Pope. The Crusade was led mainly by Richard I of England (Richard the Lionheart)Richard recaptured a few territories in Palestine, but he was unable to reclaim Jerusalem
17 Later CrusadesThe Third Crusade came to end with a peace treaty between Saladin and Richard I.The agreement kept Jerusalem in Muslim hands, but it allowed Christian pilgrims to visit Jerusalem in peace.