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First Age of Empires 1570 -200 BCE.

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Presentation on theme: "First Age of Empires 1570 -200 BCE."— Presentation transcript:

1 First Age of Empires BCE

2 New Kingdom of Egypt (1570-1075 BCE)
more wealth and power Valley of the Kings New burial site for pharaohs Queen Hatshepsut reigned BCE Encouraged trade Step-son, Thutmose III becomes pharaoh War-like ruler Led invasions into Palestine, Syria, and Nubia Expanded territory Gained much wealth & new technology





7 Ramses II -Last powerful pharaoh of the New Kingdom
-fought in the Battle of Kadesh -resulted in peace treaty between the Egyptians and Hittites

8 -religion -literature/hieroglyphics -customs
During Egyptian rule, nobles from Nubia sent their children to Egyptian cities & when they returned, they brought Egyptian culture back to Nubia -religion -literature/hieroglyphics -customs

9 Kingdom of Kush & the Nubians
-Egypt slowly crumbles after Ramses II -Libya takes over -Nubians tried to push out the Libyan rulers & return Egyptian culture -defeated the Libyans in 751 BCE under the Kushite King Piankhi -He ruled Egypt & Nubia -Nubians saw selves as the guardians of the Egyptian values

10 -golden age through trade in Africa, Arabia, and India
Meroe -major city of Kush -golden age through trade in Africa, Arabia, and India



13 671 BCE – Kushites lose Egypt to Assyrians & retreat back to Nubia

14 Assyrians Military power
Ladders Iron weapons Tunnels Brutal tactics Mass deportation Controlled empire through military power, taxes, & making the provinces dependent upon the Assyrians


16 Persians Origin = modern-day Iran Cyrus First king of Persian Empire
Expanded territory Honored local customs & religions Granted certain freedoms to subject peoples Showed kindness towards conquered people


18 Persian Rule Dynasty rule Satraps Inspectors Royal Road
Governor of a province within the empire Carried out the laws of the King Inspectors “King’s eyes & ears” Ensured satrap’s loyalty Royal Road 1,677 miles long road connecting empire Standardized money

19 Zoroaster Persian prophet & religious reformer
Developed Zoroastrianism Religion based on a final judgement Goodness=ascend to paradise Evil=doomed to the underworld

20 Persian Legacy Tolerance Strong government Roads Zoroasterianism
Satraps Roads Zoroasterianism

21 China Under the Zhou Dynasty, during the Warring Period, several philosophies developed Confucius Laozi Legalism Yin and Yang

22 Confucius Believed social order, harmony, and good government could be restored if society was organized around 5 basic relationships. 1) ruler & subject 2) father & son 3) husband & wife 4) older brother & younger brother 5) friend & friend

23 Laozi Do not strive for fame, power, or wisdom Follow the “Dao” or way
Daoism Humans are the only thing in nature that has to argue between right and wrong Which is pointless

24 Legalism Government should use the law to end civil disorder and restore harmony Stressed punishment more than rewards

25 Yin and Yang Yin = represents earth, female, and passive
Yang = represents heaven, male, and active Together = represents natural rhythms of life and complement each other

26 Qin Dynasty (221-202 BCE) Legalist Autocracy rule
Unlimited powers for the “emperor” Halted internal battles and crushed resistance Killed hundreds of Confucian scholars Burned the “useless” books of Confucian ideas Defeated invaders Seized land and uprooted the nobles to the capital city He can keep an eye on them He took their land Forced labor on roads, irrigation systems, and the Great Wall of China Standardized weights & measurements


28 Results of the Qin Dynasty
Wealth in trade Increased farming production Kept out invaders Unified China

29 Unified China came at the expense of what?




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