Presentation on theme: "First Age of Empires, 1570 B.C. –200 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide 1 SECTION Assyria."— Presentation transcript:
First Age of Empires, 1570 B.C. –200 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide 1 SECTION Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent 2 SECTION Persia Unites Many Lands 3 SECTION An Empire Unifies China 4 4 CHAPTER GRAPH
HOME Chapter Overview A series of empires, each one bigger than the last, forges regional unity among the old heartlands of civilization from the Nile to the Iranian Plateau. Meanwhile, the Chinese Empire emerges as a cultural and political unit. First Age of Empires, 1570 B.C. –200 B.C. 4 CHAPTER
1544 B.C. Egypts New Kingdom established. 850 B.C. Assyrian Empire begins its rise to power. 751 B.C. Nubian kingdom of Kush conquers Egypt. 550 B.C. Persian Empire flourishes under Cyrus. First Age of Empires, 1570 B.C. –200 B.C. 4 CHAPTER Time Line 1570 B.C. 200 B.C. HOME 206 B.C. The Qin Dynasty of China collapses. Civil War follows.
The New Kingdom forges a brilliant Egyptian Empire, which is eventually conquered and ruled by the Nubians of Kush. The Kushites later establish an Egyptian-style kingdom of their own farther south. Overview Assessment Key Idea The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide 1 HOME
MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW Two empires along the Nile, Egypt and Nubia, forged commercial, cultural, and political connections. Neighboring civilizations participate in cultural exchange as well as conflict. Overview The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide 1 Assessment Hyksos New Kingdom Hatshepsut Thutmose III Nubia Ramses II Kush Piankhi Meroë TERMS & NAMES HOME
The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide 1 Section 1 Assessment continued... HOME 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List important events in the history of Egypt and Kush. 1285 B.C. Battle of Kadesh 1200 B.C. People of the Sea attack Egypt. 950-730 B.C. Libyans rule Egypt. 1472 B.C. Hatshepsut makes herself pharaoh. 1290-1224 B.C. Ramses II rules. 1570 B.C.A.D. 350 Egyptian New Kingdom Aksum defeats Meroë. 1100 B.C. Kush regains independence. 671 B.C. Kushites lose Egypt to Assyrians.
2. Read the temple inscription written by Piankhi. Explain how an Egyptian might have written the inscription differently. THINK ABOUT Section The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide 1 1 Assessment what bias Piankhi had how Egyptians benefited from Piankhis invasion why Egyptians might have disagreed with Piankhi ANSWER continued... An Egyptian might have praised the Kushites for restoring the Egyptian way of life or criticized them for ruling in place of Egyptians. Possible Response: HOME
3. How did Egypt and Nubia strengthen each other at various times in their histories? THINK ABOUT Section The Empires of Egypt and Nubia Collide 1 1 Assessment ANSWER End of Section 1 Under Thutmose III, Egyptians brought gold, cattle, ivory, and slaves from Nubia. Under Egyptian control, Nubian princes adopted much of Egyptian culture. When Nubians seized power over Egypt, they tried to restore the Egyptian way of life. Possible Responses: HOME the role of trade and the movement of goods the impact of military movements the influence of cultural developments
The Assyrians absorb Egypt into a Mesopotamian Empire and perfect terror as a means of rule. The Chaldeans and Medes finally annihilate Assyria, only to be swallowed up by the growing Persian Empire. Overview Assessment Key Idea Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent 2 HOME
Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent 2 Assyria developed a military machine, conquered an empire, and established imperial administration. Some leaders still use military force to extend their rule, stamp out opposition, and gain wealth and power. Overview Assessment Assyria Sennacherib Nineveh Ashurbanipal Medes Chaldeans Nebuchadnezzar MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME
Causes of Declining Power 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. Causes of Increasing Power 3. Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent 2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Identify the causes of the rise and of the decline of Assyrian power. Section 2 Assessment continued... HOME Need to defend against attacks Use of iron-working technology Hatred by conquered people Overextension Assyrian Military Power Success at advanced planning Unity among Assyrias foes
Assyria Dominates the Fertile Crescent 2 2. The Assyrians relied almost exclusively on military power in building, maintaining, and ruling their empire. Explain whether you think this was a good strategy. THINK ABOUT Section 2 Assessment the causes of Assyrian military power the stability of the empire the methods that empires use to become stronger ANSWER Empires often rely on military power. Assyrians relied on a technological advantage that other countries could soon copy and that their brutal methods made them unpopular rulers. HOME Possible Response: End of Section 2
Persian kings forge a multicultural empire stretching from the Indus River to the Nile. Persia pioneers enlighten tolerance in government and support the Zoroastrian religion. Overview Assessment Key Idea Persia Unites Many Lands 3 HOME GRAPH
The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government. Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule. Overview Assessment Cyrus Cambyses Darius satrap Royal Road Zoroaster Persia Unites Many Lands 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME GRAPH
Persia Unites Many Lands 3 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the similarities and differences between Cyrus and Darius. Section 3 Assessment continued... HOME Both Both ruled fairly and expanded the empire. Cyrus founded the Persian Empire and allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem. Darius seized power and introduced coins of standard value. Cyrus Only Darius Only GRAPH
Persia Unites Many Lands 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER The tolerance displayed by Cyrus and other Persian rulers probably encouraged people to practice their religious beliefs. Possible Response: 2. Why do you think Persians and other peoples were able to turn their thoughts to religion? THINK ABOUT past history of peoples in the Fertile Crescent living conditions in the Persian Empire role of leaders in the Persian Empire continued... HOME GRAPH
3. How did Dariuss methods of administration give stability to his empire? THINK ABOUT Section Persia Unites Many Lands 3 3 Assessment ANSWER End of Section 3 He divided the empire into 20 provinces. He appointed a satrap for each province. He tolerated other religions, languages, and local laws. Road system and coinage also helped give stability to the empire. Possible Responses: HOME the structure of the empire policy of tolerance the role of the satrap GRAPH
Amid the social chaos of the crumbling Zhou Dynasty, Chinese philosophers develop three major schools of thought. Shi Huangdi unifies China in a brutal military campaign and builds the Great Wall. Overview Assessment Key Idea An Empire Unifies China 4 HOME
The social disorder of the warring states contributed to Chinese philosophy and unification. The people, events, and ideas that shaped Chinas early history continue to influence Chinas role in todays world. Overview Assessment Confucius filial piety bureaucracy Daoism Legalism I Ching yin and yang Qin dynasty Shi Huangdi autocracy An Empire Unifies China 4 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME
1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain how the chaos of the warring states affected Chinese philosophy, politics, and the growth of cities. An Empire Unifies China 4 continued... Section 4 Assessment HOME Chaos of the warring states Philosophy Politics Cities Confucius, the Legalists, and Laozi offered solutions to the chaos. Shi Huangdi took harsh steps to impose unity and stability. People moved to them for protection.
Section 4 Assessment ANSWER 2. In 1776, the American Declaration of Independence declared that all men are created equal. How would followers of the three philosophical traditions in China react to that statement? THINK ABOUT their views on equality An Empire Unifies China 4 views on opposition to government Confucius would reject the statement because he tried to restore an unequal social order. Legalists might have objected for justifying opposition to government. Laozi might have agreed, believing that governments tend to enforce inequality. Possible Responses: HOME continued...
3. Compare and contrast the monumental projects of the Persian Royal Road and the Great Wall of China. Explain their purposes, how they changed the environment, and how they affected the peoples living there. Section An Empire Unifies China 4 4 Assessment ANSWER Royal Roadbuilt to improve communication and transportation, connected peoples and regions Great Wallbuilt to prevent attacks by nomads, helped define borders, helped unify people, established barrier where no natural barrier had been Possible Responses: HOME End of Section 4