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Human Osteology ASA Bio 2014 Williams
Major Divisions of the BodyCranial – skull Infracranial – the rest of the body Axial – trunk & head (parts in midline) Appendicular – appendages/ limbs Includes pelvic and shoulder girdles
Upper Limb Clavicle Scapula Humerus Radius Ulna Carpals MetacarpalsPhalanges
Clavicle 1 right & 1 left Articulates with sternum medially and scapula laterally Part of shoulder girdle
Scapula 1 right & 1 left Articulates with clavicle and humerusDoes NOT articulate with ribs Part of shoulder girdle
Humerus 1 right & 1 left Articulates with scapula, ulna & radius
Ulna 1 right & 1 left Articulates with humerus & radiusConnected to radius by interosseous membrane Does NOT articulate with carpal bones
Radius 1 right & 1 left Articulates with humerus, ulna, and proximo-lateral aspect of carpal bones Connected to ulna by interosseous membrane
Carpals Bones of the wrist 8 elements (per side) 2 rows of 4Proximal row articulates with radius Distal row articulates with metacarpals
Metacarpals Bones of the hand 5 elements (per side)Articulate with distal row of carpals and phalanges Numbered lateral to medial MC1 – MC5
Manual Phalanges Bones of the fingers 14 elements (per side)Separated into three rows Proximal phalanges (5) Intermediate phalanges (4) Distal phalanges (5) Singular – phalanx Intermediate
Lower Limb Innominate Femur Patella Tibia Fibula Tarsals MetatarsalsPhalanges
Innominate Os coxa 1 right & 1 leftArticulate with sacrum posteriorly, other innominate anteriorly, and femur laterally
Innominates 3 parts Ilium Ischium Pubis
Femur 1 right & 1 left Considered strongest boneArticulates with innominate, tibia, and patella
Patella 1 right & 1 left Sesamoid bone Articulates only with femur
Tibia 1 right & 1 left Articulates with femur, fibula and talus (tarsal bone) Weight bearing bone of the lower leg Connected to fibula with interosseous membrane
Fibula 1 right & 1 left Non-weight bearingArticulates with tibia and talus (tarsal bone) Connected to tibia by interosseous membrane
Tarsals Bones of the ankle 7 elements (per side)Articulate with each other, tibia, fibula, and metatarsals
Metatarsals Bones of the foot 5 elements (per side)Numbered medially to laterally MT1 – MT5 Articulate with tarsals and phalanges
Pedal Phalanges Bones of the toes 14 elements (per side)Separated into three rows Proximal phalanges (5) Intermediate phalanges (4) Distal phalanges (5) Singular – phalanx
The Skeletal System by Jim Alton
The Skeletal System.
The Human Skeleton Sport Books Publisher.
On Page 84 draw and Label the parts of the
The Appendicular Skeleton
The Skeletal System: Appendicular Skeleton
Chapter 8 The Appendicular Skeleton
The Lower Torso The pelvic girdle is formed by two coxal bones or ossa coxae commonly called hip bones. Together with the sacrum and the coccyx the hip.
IB Sport, Exercise and Health Science
4 Types of Bones & Skeletal Organization ACOS OBJ 6.4)identifying the four bone types. 6) Identify bones that compose the skeletal system. 6.2) identifying.
The Skeleton System Introduction The Axial Skeleton The Appendicular Skeleton.
Chapter 8: The Appendicular Skeleton
THE BONES OF THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON
Appendicular Skeleton. 126 bones – suspended by girdles from axial skeleton Designed for movement Pectoral girdle – 4 bones Upper extremity -Arm – 1 bone.
The Skeletal System: The Appendicular Skeleton
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