3 MigrationMigration is the movement of a population from one place to another. (usually from one country to another) Two types: Immigration means to move to a new location. Emigration means to move away from a location (to leave your country)
4 Factors Affecting Migration Push Factors: negative characteristics of a location that cause people to emigrate (leave) their own country. e.g. war, famine, natural disaster Pull Factors: positive characteristics of a location that cause people to immigrate (move to another country). e.g. quality health care, stable political system, jobs
5 Classes (types) of Immigrants Canada receives a total of approx immigrants per year. They are classified into 3 main categories:Economic (57% of total) VIDEO-people with a skill, education-they are beneficial because they meet Canada’s economic needs-They are categorized as “Business” or “Skilled”Family (26% of total)-sponsorship is required to bring family members to Canada(3-10 years of financial responsibility)-spouse, children, parents, grand parents, etc of immigrantsRefugee (14 % of total)-someone who has been forced to leave their country by severe push factors (war, risk of political imprisonment or inhumane treatment)-refugees face persecution of some kind in their home country
6 The Points SystemEconomic Immigrants are judged according to a system of points based on: -age -education -language -support, etc To be eligible to immigrate to Canada, an applicant must achieve at least 67 points (skilled worker) or 35 points (business class) on the points scale.
8 Why Do We Want More People? Canada has an aging population- we need more servicesBaby boomers are retiring- more jobs to fillAdds to Canada’s “Cultural Mosaic”
9 Why Don’t we Accept Everyone? We only want people who will make a positive contribution to Canada’s economyWe can’t afford to support everyoneBUT we do accept the 2nd highest amount of refugees in the world (Besides the US)
10 Which Countries are People Immigrating From? ChinaIndiaPhillipines