Presentation on theme: "Who Are We?. Canada today... The majority of Canadians (as many as 97%) are immigrants or descendants of immigrants. This is why Canada is considered."— Presentation transcript:
Canada today... The majority of Canadians (as many as 97%) are immigrants or descendants of immigrants. This is why Canada is considered to be a “multicultural” society. For the most part, Canada also encourages immigrants to retain their traditions and language!
Patterns of Immigration The number of immigrants changes from year to year In recent years, more than 200,000 immigrants have arrived each year
When?What Happened?Why? 1840sArrival of1000’s of Irish settlers Irish potato crop fails; facing starvation 1905-1914Massive immigration to Canadian west from Eastern Europe Canadian gov’t wants to settle prairies, offers free land/incentives to immigrants 1915-1919Little immigrationWWI, worldwide influenza epidemic limits movement 1930-1945Little immigrationWorld economic depression, WWII 1947-1960Many Italians come to Canada Italians flee devastation caused by war 1956Many Hungarians come to Canada Hungarian revolt against Russians fails, flee 1980-1997Arrival of thousands of Hong Kong Chinese Immigrants seek political stability before China retakes control of HK in 97 1980-2003Many people from Afghanistan Immigrants seek safe haven from conflict
See a pattern? The source of immigration changes depending on different factors (usually economic and political conditions) Canada offers these people a “haven”, a country which offers freedom and opportunity
Why People Become Immigrants Push factors: war, absence of human rights, poor economic/educational opportunities, religious persecution, terrorism, natural disasters Pull Factors: to join family, job opportunities, better taxes Intervening obstacles: distance, cost, can’t meet requirements!
When Someone Becomes An Immigrant It is not as easy as you think! There are strict rules to who can immigrate to Canada Three groups of people: 1. Economic Immigrants 2. Family Immigrants 3. Refugees
More on Immigrants Economic: skilled workers/business immigrants; must be able to contribute to economy–Est. a business, buy a business, invest Family: this allows families to reunite (spouse, children etc); sponsorship program (i.e. housing & $$) Refugee: someone who fears cruel / inhumane treatment (or even death) in home country
Interprovincial Migration Migration that occurs BETWEEN provinces Changes population dynamics between the difference provinces/territories in Canada