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PASSIVE VOICE A review. PASSIVE VOICE This house was built in 1930. This house was built in 1930.  ‘Was built’ is passive. Compare active and passive:

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Presentation on theme: "PASSIVE VOICE A review. PASSIVE VOICE This house was built in 1930. This house was built in 1930.  ‘Was built’ is passive. Compare active and passive:"— Presentation transcript:

1 PASSIVE VOICE A review

2 PASSIVE VOICE This house was built in This house was built in  ‘Was built’ is passive. Compare active and passive: Compare active and passive: Somebody built this house in 1930.(active) Somebody built this house in 1930.(active) subject object subject object  This house was built in (passive) subject subject

3 PASSIVE VOICE We use an active to say what the subject does: My grandfather was a builder. He built this house in My grandfather was a builder. He built this house in It’s a big company. It employs two hundred people. It’s a big company. It employs two hundred people.

4 PASSIVE VOICE We use a passive verb to say what happens to the subject: This house is quite old. It was built in This house is quite old. It was built in Two hundred people are employed by the company. Two hundred people are employed by the company.

5 PASSIVE VOICE  Somebody cleans this room everyday (S) (V) (O)  This house is cleaned everyday. (S) (be + P.P)  My grandfather built this house. (S) (V) (O)  This house was built by my grandfather. (S) (be + P.P) (by + O)

6 PASSIVE VOICE STRUCTURE: Active : S + V + O Passive :S + be + past participle + by O

7 PASSIVE VOICE When we use the passive, who or what causes the action is often unknown or unimportant: A lot of money was stolen in the robbery. (somebody stole it but we don’t know who) A lot of money was stolen in the robbery. (somebody stole it but we don’t know who) Is this room cleaned every day? (does somebody clean it? – it’s not important who) Is this room cleaned every day? (does somebody clean it? – it’s not important who)

8 PASSIVE VOICE If we want to say who does or what causes the action, we use by…: This house was built by my grandfather. This house was built by my grandfather. Two hundred people are employed by the company. Two hundred people are employed by the company.

9 Exercises: Exercise 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 2

10 THANK YOU


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