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The Evolution of Exteriors

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1 The Evolution of Exteriors
Chapter 6 The Evolution of Exteriors

2 Traditional Houses Folk Houses: effected by region, climate, resources available. Native American: huts or pueblos, hogans Spanish: red tile roofs, down south Scandinavian: log cabins, up north German: wood homes, in the Northeast area Early English: coastal homes of stone, or more than one story houses, up in the New England area. Dutch: found in New York Area French: in the Great Lakes and down the Mississipi River.

3 Classic Traditional Houses
Georgian: brick homes Federal: Box like shaped house Greek Revival: Two-story and white pillars Southern Colonial: 2-3 story house with columns across the entire front, elaborating the Greek revival style. Victorian: Decorative trim, associated with horror movies.

4 Modern Houses Prairie Style: rooms all seperated
International Style: the modern home Bungalow: one-story homes Ranch: same as a bungalow but may have a basement, bigger than the bungalow Split-level: three or four levels

5 Contemporary Houses Solar Houses: most energy from the sun
Use solar panels Earth-Sheltered Houses Part of the house is in the ground (and it is not the basement)

6 Chapter 7/ Understanding House Plans
Architectural Drawings: Information about the size, shape, and location of all parts of a house. Has to be drawn to scale. Alphabet of Lines: Different types of lines the architect uses to communicate ideas. (178) Symbols: represent doors, windows, fixtures, placement, etc. (179)

7 Views for Architectural Drawings
Plan views: the floor plan Elevation Views: shows all sides of the house Section Views and Detail Views: Very detailed plan of heights, widths, rooms etc. Renderings and Models: colors and a realistic look at the house at a smaller level( think toy house)

8 The Space Within The Quiet Area: bedrooms and bathrooms
The Work Area: kitchen The Social Area: daily living space, entertainment. Separating Areas and Rooms: Arranging floor plans so that these areas are separately correctly.

9 Traffic Patterns They provide no traffic jams in houses. Convenient and direct Provide adequate space without wasting it. Provide east access from the entrances to other parts of the house. Separate traffic to the work, social and quite areas Avoid going through the middle of rooms Avoid interfering with privacy Avoid cutting through a kitchen Kitchen is easy access Service entrance to clean up area. Utility area to outside access.

10 Survey the Storage Space
Built in storage Built in closets Located for convenient use

11 Evaluating the Floor Plan
When looking at different floor plans or houses decide if it will work for you and your family and what your needs are. You can always adapt space with construction.

12 Housing Modifications for People with Physical Disabilities
Exteriors: Entrance face south Nonskid surfaces outside How big the garage is and driveway Ramps, sidewalks Interiors Handrails on stairs Well lit entry ways Open traffic areas For more look on pages

13 Activity Review: chapter 6: 5,6,7,9,10,13 Chapter 7: 1,6,78,9,11,12
Activity: Find three different floor plans of houses online and copy and past them (if you can) onto a word document and then list 5 pros and 5 cons of each of the houses based on floor plans and exterior and interior (ch.7) Tell me which floor plan is your favorite and why.

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