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Welcome to... Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to... Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to... Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook

2 Vernacular (Folk) Houses Built for shelter with little concern for popular styles Traditional—based on a local model & uses local materials & construction techniques

3 Modern Vernacular—more typical of vernacular architecture today uses readily available materials, not necessarily of local origins uses traditional construction techniques is based on a variety of models

4 Early colonization: Adapted European concepts Centered around a large fireplace (heat, light & food preparation) Stone, but wood better choice in America Simple, small & built by family members


6 Hall and Parlor Cottage Fireplace Steep roof Gabled roof with the sloped sides parallel to the front door (side as opposed to front gable) Hall was the public & work area while the parlor was used for sleeping


8 Cape Cod Most popular in the 18 th century; major revival in mid-20 th century Story and a half with side gable & centered front door Dormers facing the front & symmetrically placed windows



11 Georgian Style Hired builders—more attention to aesthetics Divided interior spaces Primary style until early 19 th century Inspired by classic Greek & Roman design Windows were large with numerous panes Entry door capped by decorative crown



14 Greek Revival Style In the early 19 th century the ideal home was a single family detached homestead surrounded by a garden Importance of the home in the new democracy— search for identity Attracted to the birthplace of democracy— Greece Popular up to Civil War Lower slope & front gable Porches with columns; half-round windows




18 Gothic Revival Style Competition between styles in the 1840s due to plan books More picturesque—muted colors instead of white Irregular shape More decorative Steeply pitched roof with decorative barge boards on the gable ends


20 Mid-19 th century innovations Commercial saw mills—stud frame construction (2” x 4”) & machine made nails—could have more angles: light frame construction Cast iron stove that could be located out of view; less impact on design Central heating Railroads providing shipment of lumber & millwork (architectural trim & decorative elements)


22 Victorian Era Home Styles Modern suburban homes House should have an organic form & be set in a suburban setting with trees & gardens (middle class) Promoted by plan books & land developers—time of self-improvement & progress Complex exterior forms and roof lines to add aesthetic interest


24 Multiple gables, towers & bay windows Wide porches Variety of siding types Elaborately detailed millwork Interiors were also heavily ornamented with elaborate woodwork & multiple special purpose spaces Hand work


26 Craftsman or Bungalow Style Early 20 th century—reaction to excess Home economics & smaller families Smaller & simpler homes—one or one and a half story set on high basement Low pitched roof with wide eaves Porches under main roof supported by columns Natural materials & colors




30 Prairie Style Credited to Frank Lloyd Wright Usually 2 stories Low pitched hipped roof wide overhangs Horizontal focus Many variations




34 Tudor Style Eclectic styles of the 1920s English-trained architects Development of brick veneer & stucco construction techniques Variety of steeply pitched roofs Tall windows Prominent chimney



37 Post WW 2 Pent up housing demand Development of large subdivisions Smaller homes on larger lots—allowed long side of house to face street with space for a car along side the house


39 Ranch Style Prevalent style today, with many variations Inspired by western ranch homes Started as one level & attached garage Set lower to the ground with little if any exposed basement Sprawling in form Side facing gables with low slopes & wide eaves


41 Today No single style has replaced the ranch Many variations— split level, raised ranch & two story ranch Older styles also selectively incorporated into housing


43 Focus now: Construction & detail Alternate building techniques Green materials Energy efficiency Thread—importance of housing to families & American society over time

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