The United Nations Est. at the end of WWII. 1945. Initial goal of the UN was to secure peace and stop future wars. Colors associated with UN = light blue and white. (UN troops wear this color – helmets, arm bands)
United Nations The forerunner to the UN was the League of Nations. League of Nations formed after WWI (1918) The problem w/ the League of Nations = they were set upon principals of revenge -- not preventive help. Too slow w/ decisions USA did NOT join Did NOT enforce what they said they would...ie GERMANY WWI – Austria-Hungry, Germany, Ottoman Empire. VS Serbia, Russia, Britain, France, USA, Japan The war, in essence, was over GERMANY wanting to sit at the big boy table And countries wanting more LAND….= ….POWER
League of Nations Why did the US not join the League of Nations? Background: Woodrow Wilson – President of USA – proposed League of Nations President Wilson had 14 points to stop all wars. Europe mocked him “God needed 10, you need 4 more than God.” Europe only accepted 1 point, the league of nations.
United Nations 51 original countries/ members (met in San Francisco & agreed to UN) 193 current members Main Headquarters – New York Land donated by John D Rockefeller JR. …$8 million donation in 1946 6 official languages of UN Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.
Main Organs…like branches of government 1. General Assembly – MAIN policymaking and representative group of UN. Every Spetember FULL UN meets in G.A. Hall (193 countries). New member admission, peace, security, other debate questions need 2/3 majority vote in G.A.
Main Organs…like branches of government 2. Security Council PRIMARY responsibility for maintenance of INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY. 15 members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members) Each member has one vote. Can impose sanctions (grounded) or even authorize force to maintain and restore international peace and security.
Security Council 5 Permanent Members China France Russia England United States If any of the 5 veto, it veto’s the bill even if its 14-1. ….these were all ALLIES in WWII. 10 NON permanent members (are elected by the G.A. for 2 year terms.) Angola Chad Chile Jordan Spain New Zealand Lithuanaia Malaysia Nigeria Venezuela
Hutu vs Tutsi In a nutshell… 800,000 to 1 million Tutsi killed by Hutu in 1994.
The problem: Land = power Rwanda was controlled by Germany and then Belgium. Both Germany and Belgium FAVORED the Tutsi. The loved the Tutsi, the treated the Tutsi great, placed the Tutsi in positions of power and influence.