Presentation on theme: "THE UNITED NATIONS October, 2012. THIS PRESENTATION INCLUDES: Introduction to the UN Main parts of the UN General Assembly Security Council Economic and."— Presentation transcript:
THE UNITED NATIONS October, 2012
THIS PRESENTATION INCLUDES: Introduction to the UN Main parts of the UN General Assembly Security Council Economic and Social Council Trusteeship Council International Court of Justice Secretariat
UN MAIN OBJECTIVES ¢ Maintain peace and security in the world ¢ Help to solve international problems
INTRODUCTION TO THE UN The UN was formed on October 24, 1945 when representatives of 51 countries signed the UN charter.
UN COUNTRIES The UN is an organization of 192 countries from all over the world.
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF THE UN Arabic Chinese English French Russian Spanish
HEADQUARTERS OF THE UN: NEW YORK CITY, NEW YORK
SYMBOL OF THE UN
United Nations General Assembly Security Council Economic and Social Council Trusteeship Council* International Court of Justice Secretariat
GENERAL ASSEMBLY Parliament of nations It consists of representatives of all member nations It can discuss any matter such as peace and security, admission of new members and money matters The General Assembly meets once a year for a period of three months (September - December) discussed & created MDGs
SECURITY COUNCIL Responsible for international peace & security 15 members: five permanent and ten non-permanent China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom & the United States
SECURITY COUNCIL CONTINUED The other 10 members of the security council are elected by the General Assembly Each council member has one vote. The five permanent members have VETO power Decisions require nine yes votes & zero veto votes
ECONOMIC & SOCIAL COUNCIL 54 members elected by the General Assembly Economic issues (trade, transport, industrialization) and social issues It promotes respect for human rights & freedom for all
TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL Helped the independence of the 11 Trust Territories Finished in 1994 Palau
INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE The judicial branch of the UN Voluntary country disputes (not individual) 15 judges elected by the General Assembly & Security Council Each Judge serves 9 years Court headquarters at The Hague, in the Netherlands
INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE The Judges
SECRETARIAT It carries out the day to day work of the organization Peacekeeping, economic & social trends, human rights, etc. Informing the global community
SECRETARY GENERAL Secretary General is the head of the Secretariat Ban Ki-Moon Became Secretary General on January 1, 2007 He is from the Republic of Korea (South Korea)
REVIEW In what year was the UN formed? How many countries were in the UN originally? How many countries are in the UN today? What are the 6 official languages of the UN? Where is the headquarters of the UN? Who is the current Secretary General of the UN?
ANSWERS TO REVIEW What year was the UN formed? How many countries were in the UN originally?
ANSWERS TO REVIEW How many countries are in the UN today? Name 3 of the 6 official languages of the UN.
ANSWERS TO REVIEW Where is the headquarters of the UN? Name 2 of the Main Parts of the UN.
ANSWERS TO REVIEW Who is the current Secretary General of the UN?