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Rebuilding Europe & Beginning of the Cold War. #1 Which of the following countries was not behind the “Iron Curtain” under Soviet control? A. Czechoslovakia.

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Presentation on theme: "Rebuilding Europe & Beginning of the Cold War. #1 Which of the following countries was not behind the “Iron Curtain” under Soviet control? A. Czechoslovakia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rebuilding Europe & Beginning of the Cold War

2 #1 Which of the following countries was not behind the “Iron Curtain” under Soviet control? A. Czechoslovakia B. Poland C. Romania D. Greece E. Bulgaria

3 #2 “We must wait ever vigilant, applying pressure when needed and make sure every move made by the USSR is met with a counter move.” This statement summarizes the key elements of ________. A. The containment policy pursued by the United States B. The financial plan conceived by George Marshall C. The recommendation of the French communist party to De Gaulle D. Mao Zedong’s statement against Stalin E. Poland’s foreign policy under Gomulka

4 #3 The Truman Doctrine (1947) stated that: A. The United States would provide support for countries threatened by communism B. The Monroe Doctrine was still valid C. The US would overthrow Castro D. Scandinavia was in the Russian sphere of influence E. American aid would be cut off to Eastern Europe

5 #4 After World War II which of the following settlements was imposed on Germany? A. The monarchy was restored B. It was divided into four sectors of occupation C. Membership in the UN Security Council D. Total occupation by the USSR E. Decentralized into 150 small states

6 #5 Which of the following was NOT a World War II conference among Allied leaders? A. Casablanca B. Tehran C. Yalta D. Potsdam E. Nuremburg

7 #6 What was one of Stalin’s demands for the USSR joining the United Nations? A. He could do whatever he wanted B. Permanent seat at the Security Council C. He gets all of Germany D. USSR would not have to abide by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights E. The country did not have to be present at the meetings

8 #7 Which country was a communist country, but did not join the Pact of Brussels, NATO, or the Warsaw Pact? A. Spain B. Sweden C. Ireland D. Yugoslavia E. Austria

9 Aftermath of WW2  50 million refugees  Spring of 1945 – about 20 million people on the move  About 12 million Germans forced to leave their homes…around 4 million returned to Germany  1 out of every 6 person was a refugee  1947 – 1.5 million Germans still lived in camps for displaced persons

10 Aftermath of WW2  Dumbarton Oaks Conference  United Nations replaced League of Nations  USA, Germany, Italy, & Japan join

11 United Nations  Headquartered in New York City  Originally 51 member states (Now 193)  All have 1 vote  Security council of 11 (now 15)  Five permanent seats on Security Council  All have the right to veto decisions  USA  USSR  Great Britain  France  China

12 United Nations  Promote International peace and cooperation  Have the authority to send peace-keeping forces (military) into a disrupted area  Truman Doctrine 1947

13 Alliances Formed  Pact of Brussels (1948)  GB, France, Belgium, Netherlands, & Luxembourg  NATO (1949)  United States joined Pact of Brussels countries along with Italy, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Portugal, Canada, Greece, Turkey, and West Germany  Warsaw Pact (1955)  USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Poland, East Germany

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15 #1 Which of the following countries was not behind the “Iron Curtain” under Soviet control? A. Czechoslovakia B. Poland C. Romania D. Greece E. Bulgaria

16 #2 “We must wait ever vigilant, applying pressure when needed and make sure every move made by the USSR is met with a counter move.” This statement summarizes the key elements of ________. A. The containment policy pursued by the United States B. The financial plan conceived by George Marshall C. The recommendation of the French communist party to De Gaulle D. Mao Zedong’s statement against Stalin E. Poland’s foreign policy under Gomulka

17 #3 The Truman Doctrine (1947) stated that: A. The United States would provide support for countries threatened by communism B. The Monroe Doctrine was still valid C. The US would overthrow Castro D. Scandinavia was in the Russian sphere of influence E. American aid would be cut off to Eastern Europe

18 #4 After World War II which of the following settlements was imposed on Germany? A. The monarchy was restored B. It was divided into four sectors of occupation C. Membership in the UN Security Council D. Total occupation by the USSR E. Decentralized into 150 small states

19 #5 Which of the following was NOT a World War II conference among Allied leaders? A. Casablanca B. Tehran C. Yalta D. Potsdam E. Nuremburg

20 #6 What was one of Stalin’s demands for the USSR joining the United Nations? A. He could do whatever he wanted B. Permanent seat at the Security Council C. He gets all of Germany D. USSR would not have to abide by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights E. The country did not have to be present at the meetings

21 #7 Which country was a communist country, but did not join the Pact of Brussels, NATO, or the Warsaw Pact? A. Spain B. Sweden C. Ireland D. Yugoslavia E. Austria


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