Presentation on theme: "Monday 4/15 - Intro to the UN"— Presentation transcript:
1 Monday 4/15 - Intro to the UN Objective: Examine the purpose and function of the United Nations.Discussion Question:In your opinion, what is the best way to solve conflict? Explain what method you would use and why it would be successful!
3 I. Purpose The purpose of the United Nations is to (a) bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development,(b) based on the principles of justice, human dignity and the well-being of all people.
4 I. Purpose It allows countries the (c) opportunity to balance global interdependence (interests of the world) and national interests when addressing international problems.
5 II. Basic Facts (a) Started on October 24, 1945 with 51 members. (b) Today there are 192 members.The (c) United Nations Headquarters are in New York City – on international territory.
6 II. Basic Facts Six official languages are used (d) Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.(e) Created after Holocaust/World War II as a way for countries to settle disputes peacefully.
7 III. The Charter of the United Nations Charter: Describes the goals and principles of an organization.
8 III. The Charter of the United Nations The United Nation’s constitution includes:PurposeFunctions and dutiesDescribes constituentsHow a state can become a memberThe rights and obligations of member statesHow to make changes to the charterStatement of principles
9 The Structure of the UNThe UN meets regularly in sessions to consider the world’s most pressing problems.Each country gets one vote.Most decisions are decided by a simple majority.They cannot force action on any country, but their recommendations are important for the indication of the world’s opinion on issues.
10 IV. The Structure of the UN There are six parts:The Secretariat/Secretary-GeneralThe Security CouncilThe General AssemblyEconomic and Social CouncilTrusteeship CouncilInternational Court of Justice
12 (a) The Secretariat/Secretary-General – Mr. Aney Runs UN programs from peacekeeping to economic development.Seen as the head of the United Nations.Works as a research organization which compiles reports.Operates a media and information center which is responsible for educating people globally about the UN’s projects.Translates languages to ensure communication among member states.
13 (b) The Security Council - Members A group of member states (usually the most powerful ones) who are given the right to make decisions for the entire organization.
14 The Security Council - Members There are five permanent membersFranceThe People’s Republic of ChinaThe Russian FederationThe United KingdomThe United StatesThere are 10 nonpermanent membersThey serve 2 year termsVeto power – these countries can stop any proposals.
15 (c) The General Assembly A president is elected to preside over the General Assembly.This is where all member states deliberate and debate.Often, the UN sends issues on the agenda to committees to be discussed.They then draft and vote on proposals.
16 (c) The General Assembly States tend to vote in groups.Geographic tiesCommon political, ideological, or religious beliefsDevelopmental status
17 (d) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Interested in the promotion of human rights.
18 (e) Trusteeship Council Helps colonies become independent countries.They have not met since 1994.
19 (f) International Court of Justice (ICJ) Peacefully mediates disputes and interprets treaties.
21 UN Countries Afghanistan Argentina Armenia Australia Brazil Canada ChinaCubaFranceGermanyGreeceIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIsraelItalyJapanEgyptMexicoNorth KoreaPakistanPanamaPhillipinesPolandRussiaSaudi ArabiaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSpainThailandTurkeyUnited KingdomUnites States of America
22 HomeworkRead through the United Nations Charter & answer the discussion questionsDue Tomorrow!