# 7 th Grade ART SLO Study Guide 2015-2017. Mastery of the 7 th Grade Art curriculum. (*marked) Mastery of the 7 th Grade Art curriculum. (*marked) Know.

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7 th Grade ART SLO Study Guide 2015-2017

Mastery of the 7 th Grade Art curriculum. (*marked) Mastery of the 7 th Grade Art curriculum. (*marked) Know and understand Elements & Principles of Design. Know and understand Elements & Principles of Design. Define Define identify way artists use them to create art identify way artists use them to create art Various media and tools used to create art. Various media and tools used to create art. Various Careers in the visual arts and creative studies. Various Careers in the visual arts and creative studies.

The Elements of Design – - The Elements of Design – The basic ingredients used by the artist when producing works of art. Those elements are shape, form, value, line, color, texture, and space. The “real” definition of …. * Successful 7 th Grade Students are to identify and understand how artists use all 7 of the Elements of Design.

Line Shape Value Form Texture Color The Ingredients (The Elements of Design) The Burger (The Composition) Space

The Burger (The Composition) The Ingredients (The Elements of Design)

Line Shape Value Form Texture Color The Ingredients (The Elements of Design) The Burger (The Composition) Space

The Elements of Design You will learn the ingredients of a work of art. You will learn how to describe the Elements of Design in an artwork

SHAPESHAPE

S h a p e. Geometric Shapes that are created through use of mathematics. These shapes include Circle, Oval, Triangle, Square, Rectangle, Hexagon, Octagon and Pentagon. Organic An irregular shape, or one that might be found in nature, rather than a regular mechanical shape. An enclosed space

This painting by Frank Stella contains interlocking geometric shapes. This painting by James Roper shows an explosion of organic and cloudlike shapes. Understanding how artists us SHAPE by KQED 3.21 min

form An element of art that is three dimensional, or 3-D, which means the object has (1) height, (2) width, and (3) depth.

Form Examples of FORM include Cubes, Spheres, Pyramids, Cones, and Cylinders or any 3D art including sculpture, architecture, pottery, jewelry, etc. *

Vs. How are these the same ? How are these different? Which is a form? Which is a shape? How do you know? Understanding Form (good description of form on a 2D surface) by KQED ArtsUnderstanding Form (good description of form on a 2D surface) by KQED Arts 2.57 minutes

V A L U E V A L U E * An element of art that refers to the lightness or darkness of a color Applying VALUE in a drawing also describes 3-D objects

Pure Color Tint (color + white) Shade (color + black) Tone (color + grey) To create a TINT of a color – Add White To create a SHADE of a color – Add Black To create a TONE of a color – Add Grey

Techniques used to achieve various degrees of Value are Hatching and Crosshatching. Understanding how artists use VALUE by KQED 3.36 minutes Shading/BlendingCrosshatching Hatching

In which drawing did the artist apply VALUE by crosshatching? How do you know?

A mark made by a moving point that has length and direction. Often is defines a space, and may create an outline or contour.

Words that DESCRIBE Line include; vertical, horizontal, diagonal, straight or ruled, curved, bent, points, angular, thin, thick, or wide, interrupted (dotted, dashed, broken) blurred or fuzzy… Understanding how artists use LINE by KQED 3.25 minutes

Color is produced when light strikes an object and reflects back to the eyes. COLOR *

Complementary Colors* AnalogousPrimary/Secondary Colors opposite on the color wheel Colors next to each other Color Schemes

Monochromatic * A work of art showing different VALUES of one color Understanding Color Theory Basics by KQED Arts

* An element of art, texture is the surface quality or "feel" of an object,, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Textures may be Actual or Implied

While simulated textures are suggested by* an artist in the painting of different areas of a picture — often in representing* drapery, metals, rocks, hair, etc. Actual textures can be felt* with the fingers Understanding Texture by KQED Arts

S P A C E An element of art that refers to the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things.

Understanding how artists use SPACE by KQED 4.53 minutes S P A C E as an Element of Design refers to distances or areas around, between or within things in a work of art. SPACE includes the background, foreground and middle ground, SPACE are two kinds of space: negative space and positive space.

background- is perceived furthest from the viewer. middle ground -located between foreground and background. foreground -appears closest to the viewer within a composition is divided into three parts….the foreground, middleground, and background. You must be able to identify these parts. SPACE

Background Middle Ground foreground

Let’s Review… The Elements The Principles of Design If we use the Burger example…We have the ingredients (Elements of Design) to make our burger… how do we prepare the ingredients??? …Grill the hamburger, sauté the onions, shred the lettuce, melt the cheese…etc.(Principles of Design)

The Principles help us to explain how the artist uses line, shape, form, color, value, space, texture (or the Elements of Design). These are words we use to ANALYLZE a work of art. There are 8. * = Indicate the Principles of Design 7 th graders are required to know and identify

Symmetrical balance: where the art elements in a composition are evenly balanced. The balance can be a mirror image or equal Asymmetrical balance: refers to a design that has dissimilar elements but still appears balanced, dividing a picture in half won't have the exact same elements however the elements they do have are varied and seem to balance one another out. B a l a n c e Balance refers to the arrangement of the parts of the artwork equally or near equally in terms of “visual weight" on each side.

RHYTHM and Understanding Rhythm in a work of art 2.41 Rhythm Rhythm is the repetition or alternation of elements, often with defined intervals between them. Rhythm can create a sense of movement, and can establish pattern and texture. There are many different kinds of rhythm, often defined by the feeling something evokes when viewed. - regular, flowing, progressive (sequence)

Repeating the Elements of Design (line, color, shape, form, texture, space) or anything else! creates movement, rhythm, texture Pa T t E r N

MOVEMENTMOVEMENTMOVEMENTMOVEMENT Movement is the art principle that uses some of the elements of art to produce the look of action or to cause the viewer’s eye to sweep over the art work in a certain manner.

In Starry Night, famed artist Vincent Van Gogh creates movement in his sky. How does he show us this?

How Unity is achieved in works of artHow Unity is achieved in works of art 6 minutesUnderstanding Unity 2.17 minutes & Harmony

What do you think Cezanne used to keep this painting, Mt. Victoria, unified or working together?

Emphasis creates a disruption to the eye’s movement in an artwork and develops a center of interest, or focal point. E MPHASIS *

Contrast Emphasizes the difference between two or more Elements of Design

Colors – warm vs. cool, complementary, intense vs. dull Textures – smooth vs. rough Line Direction – horizontal vs. vertical/diagonal/curved Some of the most common ways of creating Contrast are by creating differences in: Sizes – large vs. small Shapes – geometric vs. organic/free Form- real vs. abstract Values – light vs. dark and Contrast 1.52 minutes

Variety Variety is a principle of design that refers to a way of combining visual elements. It is a technique used by artists who wish to increase the visual interest of their work. Artwork that makes use of many different hues, values, lines, size, textures, and shapes reflects variety. Keeping the same size while changing the color can also show variety.

Graphic Designer Illustrator Architect ART CAREERS

Graphic Designers assemble together images, typography, or graphics to create a piece of design. A graphic designer creates the graphics primarily for published, printed or electronic media, such as brochures, websites and advertising.

Architects design buildings and other structures. In addition to considering the way these buildings and structures look, they also make sure they are functional, safe, economical and suit the needs of the people who use them.

Illustrators provide a visual representation (illustration) that corresponds to the content of the associated text, like a story book or comic. Illustrators provide a visual representation (illustration) that corresponds to the content of the associated text, like a story book or comic. An illustration is artwork that accompanies text

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