# Allen High School Fall Semester Midterm Exam

## Presentation on theme: "Allen High School Fall Semester Midterm Exam"— Presentation transcript:

Allen High School Fall Semester Midterm Exam

Elements of Art Form Texture Line Space Shape Value Color

Line A continuous mark made on some surface by a moving point
2D = pencil mark 3D = wire Implied = series of unconnected points that cause your eye to create a line Outline or Contour

More lines!

Color How light reacts when it reflects on an object or surface

Color - Intensity

Color & Value

Shape Enclosed space defined by other elements of art. Usually 2D
Can be 3D (but used as a general term)

Shapes- 2 Types Organic or Geometric

Form 3D Encloses Volume, as a kind of “visual weight” Examples:
Cubes, Spheres, Cylinders

Color Has 3 Properties: Hue- the name of the color
Intensity- brightness or dullness Value- lightness or darkness

Color - Intensity

Color & Value

Value Describes the darkness or lightness of a color.
Value is needed to express Volume

Value makes Volume =

Value: The lightness or darkness of a color

Texture Refers to the surface quality or “feel” of an object
Roughness or smoothness Hardness or softness Texture can be felt in 3D works or “implied” in visual/2D drawings, paintings or photographs

Texture Actual & Implied

Space The distance or area between, around, above or within things
It can be a description of both 2D & 3D works

Both Positive & Negative Space are important!

Emphasis Movement Balance Rhythm Harmony Proportion Variety Unity
Principles of Design Emphasis Movement Balance Rhythm Harmony Proportion Variety Unity

Rhythm A type of movement Seen in repeating shapes and colors
Alternating light and dark shapes also creates rhythm Also called Pattern or Repetition

Balance Sense of stability
Can be created by repeating shapes or repeating the feeling of weight within a work 3 Types of Balance: Symmetrical, Asymmetrical & Radial

Balance – 3 Types Symmetrical & Asymmetrical & Radial

Asymmetrical Balance

Symmetrical Balance

Proportion Also called Scale
Refers to the relationships of size of objects in a work Smallness & largeness

Repetition: Using the same image over and over again

Harmony Using similar elements throughout the work.
Gives artwork an “uncomplicated” feel

Unity The feeling of oneness The parts equal a whole
Elements of Art tie everything together. No confusion

Emphasis Developing points of interest to pull a viewer's attention
(“focal point”) Or thematic emphasis= focusing on one idea or theme

Movement Adds excitement to work by showing action and direction.
Moves viewer’s eye throughout work

Variety Using different shapes, textures, colors & values to make a piece interesting

Contour Line Lines creating boundaries that separate one area from another; they define the edges and surface ridges of an object

Outlines The outside edge of an object.

Blind Contour Drawing in which only contour lines are used to represent subject matter. Artist keep their eyes on the object they are drawing and concentrate on direction and curves.

GESTURE DRAWING More generally, a gesture drawing may be any drawing which attempts to capture action or movement.

Thumbnail Sketch A brief/small sketch of ideas for brainstorming and composition

Composition The overall arrangement and organization of visual elements on a 2D surface

Color Hue- the name of the color Intensity- brightness or dullness

Primary Colors – exist by themselves You can NOT mix them!

Secondary Colors – Purple Green Orange

Tints of colors 1 color + white = Tint

Complementary Colors Are OPPOSITE on the color wheel! Red and Green Orange and Blue Yellow and Purple

Analagous Colors Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel

Warm Colors Yellow, Orange, Red and some Purples
Colors that suggest warmth Yellow, Orange, Red and some Purples

Cool Colors Colors that suggest coolness Green, Blue, most Purples

What are different techniques to show Value?
Hatching – parallel lines Cross-hatching – perpendicular lines Stippling - dots

Hatching

Cross Hatching

Stippling: The act of drawing with small dots Noli Novak

Achromatic To be without color or pigment Greyscale
Black and White only

Monochromatic – 1 color with black and white

Implied Line A series of unconnected points that cause our eyes to create a line

What is a critique? Using knowledge to evaluate or analyze a work of art. To review, discuss or compare an artwork You do it every time you complete a RUBRIC!

21. Color Pencil Questions
Linear – color pencil technique showing contour and value change, use of LINES b) Mixing – using light pencil pressure with a color pencil in an already existing GRAPHITE drawing

23. (continued) c) Scraffito- scraping away or scratching into the outer surface to reveal underneath d) Burnishing – using white (or any light color) with heavy pressure over an area of color e) Wax bloom – the hazy finish that sets in on a color pencil drawing after a period of time

23. Continued f) Layering – overlapping graphite pencils with colored pencils. g) Frottage – creating a texture or pattern by coloring over a texture surface. A rubbing.