Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Elements of Design The elements of design are the seven basic building blocks of art & design. Without these building blocks the principles are meaningless.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Elements of Design The elements of design are the seven basic building blocks of art & design. Without these building blocks the principles are meaningless."— Presentation transcript:

1 Elements of Design The elements of design are the seven basic building blocks of art & design. Without these building blocks the principles are meaningless. Think of them as “Legos:” parts, pieces or elements of something bigger or whole. We use directions and rules to make something.

2 Principles of Design The basic rules of aesthetics that guide in the organization of elements in a work of art. Without these directions the elements are meaningless. Think of them as “Legos Directions:” Rules or steps to utilize many different, similar and identical elements to create a meaningful, cohesive and understandable piece of artwork.

3 LINE SHAPE COLOR VALUE TEXTURE SPACE FORM Design Elements BALANCE VARIETY MOVEMENT CONTRAST EMPHASIS PROPORTION UNITY Design Principles

4 A mark. Lines have thickness, direction, and movement; they can be interrupted and can show emotion in an artwork. Line

5 Element of Line

6 Contour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapes Gestural lines- indicate action and physical movement

7 A mark. Lines have thickness, direction, and movement; they can be interrupted and can show emotion in an artwork. Line 1. Draw an example of an Interrupted Line in the 1 st box 2. Draw an example of a Varied Line that starts thin and gets thicker in the 2 nd box Element of Line

8 Line that has a natural or imperfect path rather than a rigid or geometric path. Organic Line 1. Draw an example of Organic Line in the 3 rd box. Element of Line

9 Line that has a rigid or mathematically correct path and is not free flowing. Geometric Line 1. Draw an example of Geometric Line in the 4 th box. Element of Line

10 Element of Shape When line curves or corners around and crosses over itself it becomes a shape. GEOMETRIC square, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, cone ORGANIC free form shapes, shapes in nature for example: leaves, trees, clouds, animals

11 When a line curves or corners around and crosses over it self it becomes a shape Shape 1. Create: Overlapping Shapes in the 1 st box. Element of Shape

12 Shape that has a natural or imperfect path rather than a rigid or geometric path. Organic Shape 1. Draw an example of Organic Shape in the 2 nd box. Element of Shape

13 Shape that has a rigid or mathematically correct path and is not free flowing. Geometric Shape 1. Draw an example of Geometric Shape in the 3 rd box. Element of Shape

14 Color has three properties: 1. The first is: Hue: The name of a color 2. The second property of color is: Value: the lightness or darkness of a hue 3. The third property of color is: Intensity: the purity of a hue; the brightness or dullness of a hue Element of Color

15 Basic Hues 1. Using colored pencils, fill in the 3 Primary colors in the 1 st three circles. 2. Using colored pencils, fill in the 3 Secondary colors in the 2 nd three circles. Element of Color

16 Value: Tints and Shades Tints-adding the color Shades- adding the color white black

17 Value Value contrasts help us to see and understand a two-dimensional work of art. Value describes form and value defines space.

18 Color Variation 1. Using colored pencils, in the “Hue” circle fill in any primary or secondary color of your choice. 2. Using colored pencils, in the “Tint” circle fill in a tint of that hue. 3. Using colored pencils, in the “Shade” circle fill in a shade of that hue. Element of Color

19 Intensity: Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding a complimentary color (opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are called tones.

20 Color Variation 1. Using colored pencils, in the “Tone” circle fill in a tone of that hue. Element of Color

21 Warm and Cool Colors

22 Color Temperature 1. Using colored pencils, fill in 3 Warm colors in the 1 st three circles. 2. Using colored pencils, fill in 3 cool colors in the 2 nd three circles. Element of Color

23 A color that is neither cool nor warm. Neutrals are made by mixing two complimentary colors together. Neutral 1. Using colored pencils, fill in 4 neutral colors in the circles. 1. White 2. Black 3. Brown 4. Grey Element of Color

24 The lightness or darkness of a hue. Value 1. Using graphite pencils draw a Value scale (gradual transition from light to dark) in the 1 st long box. 2. Using colored pencils draw a Value scale (gradual transition from light to hue to dark) in the 2 nd long box.  USE CRAFTSMANSHIP! Element of Color

25 1. Using colored pencils (from red caddy), draw an Intensity scale in the 3 rd long box. Start with 1 hue moving into the neutral moving into the complimentary hue  USE CRAFTSMANSHIP! The brightness or dullness of a hue. Intensity Element of Color

26 Element of Texture Textures are all around us in our environment; textures are the quality of a surface. Actual texture – texture that you can feel with your sense of touch. Implied texture – texture that has been simulated in drawing and painting on a smooth surface to appear as if it is textured.

27 Hatching and Cross Hatching Line can be used to create value and textures Hatching Cross Hatching

28 Stippling Small marks, dots or shapes can be used to create value and textures Stippling

29 The way something actually feels. Actual Texture 1. Write 3 examples of Actual texture on the lines provided. Element of Texture

30 The way something appears to feel. Implied Texture 1. Draw 4 examples of Implied texture in the boxes provided. 1. Stippling 2. Hatching 3. Cross Hatching 4. Your choice Element of Texture

31 Element of Space The amount of depth in both 2D and 3D artworks. Around, above, inside, outside, positive or negative. The feeling of space in a drawing or painting is always an illusion. Artists combine the use of light and dark value with other techniques. Linear perspective, and atmospheric perspective create the illusion of space. Linear perspective “Snow in New York”

32 The amount of depth in both 2D and 3D artworks Space 1. Draw a mini picture in the 1 st box provided. Label the positive space and the negative space. 2. Draw a mini picture in the 2 nd box provided showing how things get smaller and lighter as they travel further into the background. Element of Space

33 Element of Form In 2D and 3D artworks it is the quality of the shape. Form describes volume and mass, or the three-dimensional aspects of objects that take up space. Forms can be realistic, abstract, geometric, organic etc… Form is considered three-dimensional showing height, width and depth. It can be illustrated or constructed.

34 1. Draw a plain circle in the 1 st box provided. This circle does not show form 2. Re-Draw the sphere you see below in the 2 nd box provided. This sphere shows form. Element of Form

35 Elements of Design The elements of design are the seven basic building blocks of art & design. Without these building blocks the principles are meaningless. Think of them as “Legos:” parts, pieces or elements of something bigger or whole. We use directions and rules to make something.

36 Principles of Design The basic rules of aesthetics that guide in the organization of elements in a work of art. Without these directions the elements are meaningless. Think of them as “Legos Directions:” Rules or steps to utilize many different, similar and identical elements to create a meaningful, cohesive and understandable piece of artwork.

37 LINE SHAPE COLOR VALUE TEXTURE SPACE FORM Design Elements BALANCE VARIETY MOVEMENT CONTRAST EMPHASIS PROPORTION UNITY Design Principles

38 An appearance of evenness in an artwork. There are two kinds: Symmetry & Asymmetry Balance

39 Principle of Balance This is an example of symmetrical balance in which the design is the same on both sides of the center axis. This is an example of asymmetrical balance because the object is not the same on both sides. An appearance of evenness in an artwork.

40 Vertical symmetry

41 Horizontal symmetry

42 Radial symmetry

43 Asymmetrical

44 1. Using shapes only, in the first box Draw 1 example of Vertical Symmetry. 2. Using shapes only, in the second box Draw 1 example of Horizontal Symmetry. 3. Using shapes only, in the third box Draw 1 example of Radial Symmetry. 4. Using shapes only, in the fourth box Draw 1 example of Asymmetry. Principle of Balance

45 Contrast A large difference between elements. Green and Red, dark and light, large and small, thin and thick, bright and dull. Contrast refers to differences in values, colors textures, shapes and other elements.

46 A large difference between elements. Contrast 1. Draw an example of: Contrast in color in the 1 st box. 2. Draw an example of: Contrast in shape in the 2 nd box. 3. Draw an example of: Contrast in size in the 3 rd box. Principle of Contrast

47 Principle of Emphasis Emphasis is when an artist draws attention to one or more areas of an artwork. Areas of dominance or interest become a focus. Contrast is a very effective way to create emphasis.

48 Emphasis is when an artist draws attention to one or more areas of an artwork. Emphasis 1. Draw an arrow pointing to: The Emphasis in all 4 boxes using a colored pencil. Principle of Emphasis

49 Principle of Movement The path the viewer’s eye is directed to take by the artist’s choice of elements such as line. M.C. Escher

50 The path the viewer’s eye is directed to take by the artist’s choice of elements such as line. Movement 1. Draw the line of visual Movement in all 4 boxes using a colored pencil. Principle of Movement

51 Principle of Variety Variety is a combination of small differences or changes that create interest in an artwork. Variety can create Rhythm & Pattern by repeating similar or identical elements like: colors shapes, lines, values, forms, spaces, and textures.

52 A combination of small differences or changes that create interest in an artwork. Variety 1. Draw an example of: Variety in shape in the 1 st box. 2. Draw an example of: Variety in color in the 2 nd box. 3. Draw an example of: Variety in size in the 3 rd box. Principle of Variety

53 Principle of Proportion The relationship of size in artwork in relation to how it would be viewed in reality.

54 The relationship of size in an artwork compared to how it would be viewed in reality. Proportion 1. Draw 1 example of: “Out of Proportion” using a flower and a building in the 1 st box. 2. Draw 1 example of: “Out of Proportion” using one figure in the 2 nd box and remember no stick figures! 3. Draw 2 examples of: “In Proportion” in your own way in the 3 rd and 4 th box. Principle of Proportion

55 Principle of Unity A sense that all of the elements belong and work together to create a cohesive whole. All the principles work together to create unity and therefore a successful design. Salvador DaliAndy Warhol

56 A sense that all of the elements belong together as one piece of artwork. Unity 1. Write: What do you think makes “Unity” in an artwork? Principle of Unity


Download ppt "Elements of Design The elements of design are the seven basic building blocks of art & design. Without these building blocks the principles are meaningless."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google