BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART: line, shape, form, value, color & texture

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BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART: line, shape, form, value, color & texture
1. LINE: mark made with a moving pointed tool. There are five basic lines What do they transmit? or what words would describe them? Vertical: static, inactive, stable, motionless, dignity and formality Horizontal: calm, peaceful, tranquil, rest, content and relaxed Diagonal: unstable, movement, active Zigzag: tension, crazy, chaotic Curved: elegant, softness, movement

We also have: Implied lines: series of points that the viewer’s eyes automatically connect Outline: Line that shows or creates the outer edge of an object only Contour lines: defines the edges and surface ridges of an object Calligraphy/Calligraphic lines: Calligraphy means beautiful writing . Calligraphic lines are lines that go from thick to thin in ONE stroke. GESTURE LINES: expressive line, transmits a mood or a feeling. Very little detail. Usually done very quickly as well.

SHAPE SHAPE: a two dimensional area that is defined in some way ( you can tell what it is) GEOMETRIC SHAPES: can be described using a mathematical formula like a circle a square, a rectangle & a triangle. You can combine these and create a trapezoid a pentagon an octagon, an oval etc. FREE FORM: irregular and uneven forms, their outline can be curved or angular. ORGANIC SHAPES: are often found nature, can also be irregular and uneven, but can also be symmetrical In art work, the shapes or forms themselves are called Positive space/shape and the spaces or shapes around or in between an object/subject are called negative shapes/space

Next element of art : FORM
FORM: is any object that has 3 dimensions ( length, width, and depth) In order to be able to represent a 3 dimensional object on a 2D surface (paper), you must use changes in value (how dark or light it is ) VALUE: how dark or light something is Highlights are your brightest spots. To create values we can use a variety of shading techniques. SHADING: is the use of light and dark values to create the illusion of form. HATCHING: shading using small diagonal parallel lines all in the same direction CROSSHATCHING: shading using crisscrossing lines BLENDING: artists blend by changing the value little by little ( using a finger or a blending tool ) STIPPLING: values created by dot patterns, it is also referred to as pointillism. VALUE CHART: organized arrangement of values from dark to light or light to dark.

Rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art
PRINCIPLES OF ART Rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art VISUAL RHYTHM: created by repeating positive shapes, separated by negative shapes/spaces. Indicates MOVEMENT by REPETITION MOVEMENT: P of A to create the look and feeling of action, guides the viewer’s eyes throughout the art piece. PATTERN: Decorative and visual repetition BALANCE: P of A that equalizes elements/forces/objects in art. Balanced work looks like elements are arranged in a satisfying way, Imbalanced work looks like elements should be re-arranged. ( formal/symmetrical, informal/asymmetrical and radial ) PROPORTION: concerned with the size relationships of one part to another VARIETY: differences, and contrasts, not everything is the same EMPHASIS: P of A that makes one object/element more dominant over another HARMONY: Creates unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related parts UNITY: The quality of wholeness or “oneness” that is achieved through the effective use of elements and principles of art. CONTRAST: ability to create a focal point by using differences in the elements of art

COLOR( intro to art) HUE: the NAME of a color in the color wheel
PRIMARY COLORS: red, yellow, blue Secondary: you create them by mixing 2 primary colors ( R+Y=O, B+Y=G, B+R=V) TERTIARY: Adding more of one of the primary colors to an already mixed secondary ( RedViolet, RedOrange, YellowGreen, YellowOrange, etc) COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected light

COLOR cont…..Intro to art
TINT: when you combine color and white. You MUST always add color TO the white. TONE: When you add black and white ( gray) to a color SHADE: When you combine a color with black. (black can be overpowering so use a little amount at once) COMPLIMENTARY colors: colors directly OPPOSITE from each other in the color wheel. INTENSITY CHART: is one where you create a range of values using ONLY 2 complimentary colors.

LAST ELEMENT OF ART: TEXTURE
TEXTURE: element of art that refers to how things feel if you actually touch them ( tactile texture or real texture) , or how they might feel if touched ( visual texture ) rough or smooth. Invented texture: Texture that is made up, it doesn’t exist, but it gives you the illusion of what it might feel like Simulated/visual texture: would be a drawing or painting of something with real texture.

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