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BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART: line, shape, form, value, color & texture

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Presentation on theme: "BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART: line, shape, form, value, color & texture"— Presentation transcript:

1 BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART: line, shape, form, value, color & texture
1. LINE: mark made with a moving pointed tool. There are five basic lines What do they transmit? or what words would describe them? Vertical: static, inactive, stable, motionless, dignity and formality Horizontal: calm, peaceful, tranquil, rest, content and relaxed Diagonal: unstable, movement, active Zigzag: tension, crazy, chaotic Curved: elegant, softness, movement

2 We also have: Implied lines: series of points that the viewer’s eyes automatically connect Outline: Line that shows or creates the outer edge of an object only Contour lines: defines the edges and surface ridges of an object Calligraphy/Calligraphic lines: Calligraphy means beautiful writing . Calligraphic lines are lines that go from thick to thin in ONE stroke. GESTURE LINES: expressive line, transmits a mood or a feeling. Very little detail. Usually done very quickly as well.

3 SHAPE SHAPE: a two dimensional area that is defined in some way ( you can tell what it is) GEOMETRIC SHAPES: can be described using a mathematical formula like a circle a square, a rectangle & a triangle. You can combine these and create a trapezoid a pentagon an octagon, an oval etc. FREE FORM: irregular and uneven forms, their outline can be curved or angular. ORGANIC SHAPES: are often found nature, can also be irregular and uneven, but can also be symmetrical In art work, the shapes or forms themselves are called Positive space/shape and the spaces or shapes around or in between an object/subject are called negative shapes/space

4 Next element of art : FORM
FORM: is any object that has 3 dimensions ( length, width, and depth) In order to be able to represent a 3 dimensional object on a 2D surface (paper), you must use changes in value (how dark or light it is ) VALUE: how dark or light something is Highlights are your brightest spots. To create values we can use a variety of shading techniques. SHADING: is the use of light and dark values to create the illusion of form. HATCHING: shading using small diagonal parallel lines all in the same direction CROSSHATCHING: shading using crisscrossing lines BLENDING: artists blend by changing the value little by little ( using a finger or a blending tool ) STIPPLING: values created by dot patterns, it is also referred to as pointillism. VALUE CHART: organized arrangement of values from dark to light or light to dark.

5 Rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art
PRINCIPLES OF ART Rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art VISUAL RHYTHM: created by repeating positive shapes, separated by negative shapes/spaces. Indicates MOVEMENT by REPETITION MOVEMENT: P of A to create the look and feeling of action, guides the viewer’s eyes throughout the art piece. PATTERN: Decorative and visual repetition BALANCE: P of A that equalizes elements/forces/objects in art. Balanced work looks like elements are arranged in a satisfying way, Imbalanced work looks like elements should be re-arranged. ( formal/symmetrical, informal/asymmetrical and radial ) PROPORTION: concerned with the size relationships of one part to another VARIETY: differences, and contrasts, not everything is the same EMPHASIS: P of A that makes one object/element more dominant over another HARMONY: Creates unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related parts UNITY: The quality of wholeness or “oneness” that is achieved through the effective use of elements and principles of art. CONTRAST: ability to create a focal point by using differences in the elements of art

6 COLOR( intro to art) HUE: the NAME of a color in the color wheel
PRIMARY COLORS: red, yellow, blue Secondary: you create them by mixing 2 primary colors ( R+Y=O, B+Y=G, B+R=V) TERTIARY: Adding more of one of the primary colors to an already mixed secondary ( RedViolet, RedOrange, YellowGreen, YellowOrange, etc) COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected light

7 COLOR cont…..Intro to art
TINT: when you combine color and white. You MUST always add color TO the white. TONE: When you add black and white ( gray) to a color SHADE: When you combine a color with black. (black can be overpowering so use a little amount at once) COMPLIMENTARY colors: colors directly OPPOSITE from each other in the color wheel. INTENSITY CHART: is one where you create a range of values using ONLY 2 complimentary colors.

TEXTURE: element of art that refers to how things feel if you actually touch them ( tactile texture or real texture) , or how they might feel if touched ( visual texture ) rough or smooth. Invented texture: Texture that is made up, it doesn’t exist, but it gives you the illusion of what it might feel like Simulated/visual texture: would be a drawing or painting of something with real texture.

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