Presentation on theme: "BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART: line, shape, form, value, color & texture"— Presentation transcript:
1 BASIC ELEMENTS OF ART: line, shape, form, value, color & texture 1. LINE: mark made with a moving pointed tool.There are five basic linesWhat do they transmit? or what words would describe them?Vertical: static, inactive, stable, motionless, dignity and formalityHorizontal: calm, peaceful, tranquil, rest, content and relaxedDiagonal: unstable, movement, activeZigzag: tension, crazy, chaoticCurved: elegant, softness, movement
2 We also have:Implied lines: series of points that the viewer’s eyes automatically connectOutline: Line that shows or creates the outer edge of an object onlyContour lines: defines the edges and surface ridges of an objectCalligraphy/Calligraphic lines: Calligraphy means beautiful writing . Calligraphic lines are lines that go from thick to thin in ONE stroke.GESTURE LINES: expressive line, transmits a mood or a feeling. Very little detail. Usually done very quickly as well.
3 SHAPESHAPE: a two dimensional area that is defined in some way ( you can tell what it is)GEOMETRIC SHAPES: can be described using a mathematical formula like a circle a square, a rectangle & a triangle. You can combine these and create a trapezoid a pentagon an octagon, an oval etc.FREE FORM: irregular and uneven forms, their outline can be curved or angular.ORGANIC SHAPES: are often found nature, can also be irregular and uneven, but can also be symmetricalIn art work, the shapes or forms themselves are called Positive space/shapeand the spaces or shapes around or in between an object/subject are called negative shapes/space
4 Next element of art : FORM FORM: is any object that has 3 dimensions ( length, width, and depth)In order to be able to represent a 3 dimensional object on a 2D surface (paper), you must use changes in value (how dark or light it is )VALUE: how dark or light something isHighlights are your brightest spots.To create values we can use a variety of shading techniques.SHADING: is the use of light and dark values to create the illusion of form.HATCHING: shading using small diagonal parallel lines all in the same directionCROSSHATCHING: shading using crisscrossing linesBLENDING: artists blend by changing the value little by little ( using a finger or a blending tool )STIPPLING: values created by dot patterns, it is also referred to as pointillism.VALUE CHART: organized arrangement of values from dark to light or light to dark.
5 Rules that govern how artists organize the elements of art PRINCIPLES OF ARTRules that govern how artists organize the elements of artVISUAL RHYTHM: created by repeating positive shapes, separated by negative shapes/spaces. Indicates MOVEMENT by REPETITIONMOVEMENT: P of A to create the look and feeling of action, guides the viewer’seyes throughout the art piece.PATTERN: Decorative and visual repetitionBALANCE: P of A that equalizes elements/forces/objects in art. Balanced worklooks like elements are arranged in a satisfying way, Imbalanced work looks like elements should be re-arranged. ( formal/symmetrical, informal/asymmetrical and radial )PROPORTION: concerned with the size relationships of one part to anotherVARIETY: differences, and contrasts, not everything is the sameEMPHASIS: P of A that makes one object/element more dominant over anotherHARMONY: Creates unity by stressing the similarities of separate but related partsUNITY: The quality of wholeness or “oneness” that is achieved through theeffective use of elements and principles of art.CONTRAST: ability to create a focal point by using differences in the elements of art
6 COLOR( intro to art) HUE: the NAME of a color in the color wheel PRIMARY COLORS: red, yellow, blueSecondary: you create them by mixing 2 primary colors ( R+Y=O, B+Y=G, B+R=V)TERTIARY: Adding more of one of the primary colors to an already mixed secondary ( RedViolet, RedOrange, YellowGreen, YellowOrange, etc)COLOR: Element of art that is derived from reflected light
7 COLOR cont…..Intro to art TINT: when you combine color and white. You MUST always add color TO the white.TONE: When you add black and white( gray) to a colorSHADE: When you combine a color with black. (black can be overpowering so use a little amount at once)COMPLIMENTARY colors: colors directly OPPOSITE from each other in the color wheel.INTENSITY CHART: is one where you create a range of values using ONLY 2 complimentary colors.
8 LAST ELEMENT OF ART: TEXTURE TEXTURE: element of art that refers to how things feel if you actually touch them ( tactile texture or real texture) , or how they might feel if touched ( visual texture ) rough or smooth.Invented texture: Texture that is made up, it doesn’t exist, but it gives you the illusion of what it might feel likeSimulated/visual texture: would be a drawing or painting of something with real texture.